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between which two lines of longitude is japan

by Jamison Pacocha Published 10 months ago Updated 3 months ago
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Japan extends from 20° to 45° north latitude (Okinotorishima to Benten-jima) and from 122° to 153° east longitude (Yonaguni to Minami Torishima).

How far apart are the lines of latitude and longitude?

Although latitude lines are alway equally spaced, longitude lines are furthest from each other at the equator and meet at the poles. At the equator, longitude lines are the same distance apart as latitude lines — one degree covers about 111 kilometers (69 miles).

What is the longitude and latitude of Japan?

More Japan Maps. The latitude and the longitude of Tokyo, the capital of Japan, are 35° 42' N and 139° 46' E respectively. The time followed in country of Japan is UTC+9 which means the standard time of Japan is 14 hours ahead from Washington.

What does longitude measure distance east?

Longitude measures distance east or west of the prime meridian. Lines of longitude, also called meridians, are imaginary lines that divide the Earth. They run north to south from pole to pole, but they measure the distance east or west. Longitude is measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds.

What is latitude and longitude on a map?

Latitude is indicated on a map by a series of evenly-spaced horizontal lines running from one side of the map to the other, while longitude is indicated by a series of evenly-spaced vertical lines running from top to bottom. Look for numbers along the edges of the map giving coordinates for each line.

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What longitude is Japan on?

36.2048° N, 138.2529° EJapan / CoordinatesThe latitude of Japan is 36.2048° N, and the country's longitude is 138.2529° E. Japan's GPS coordinates express the fact that Japan is located in both the northern and the eastern hemispheres.

What longitude and latitude is Tokyo Japan?

35.6762° N, 139.6503° ETokyo / Coordinates

What are the two longitude lines?

The two longitudes divide the earth into two equal halves, the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere. Therefore, the longitude of a place is followed by the letter E for the east and W for the west. The 180° East and 180° West meridians are on the same line.

What parallel is Japan?

Around the worldCo-ordinatesCountry, territory or sea38°0′N 139°14′EJapan38°0′N 140°55′EPacific Ocean38°0′N 123°1′WUnited States38°0′N 76°28′WChesapeake Bay33 more rows

Where is Japan located?

AsiaJapan / ContinentAsia is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe, and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with Africa and Europe. Wikipedia

Where is Japan situated?

East AsiaLocation. The Japanese territory is located in the region called Northeast Asia or East Asia, to the east of the Eurasian continent. It is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan, and the East China Sea.

What are the 3 lines of longitude?

The Equator, Tropics, and Prime Meridian All three lines of latitude are significant in their relationship between Earth and the sun. Running in the opposite direction, north-south, the prime meridian is one of the most important lines of longitude on Earth.

Where is 180 degrees longitude?

The international date line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. It is located halfway around the world from the prime meridian — the 0 degrees longitude line in Greenwich, England.

What's the main line of longitude?

What is the Prime Meridian? The line of longitude where the degree is zero is known as the Prime Meridian. Passing through the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, England, it is also known as the Greenwich Meridian and divides Earth into two equal halves known as the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.

What is 49th parallel line?

The 49th parallel north as a border between the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba (to the north), and the U.S. states of Washington, Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Minnesota (to the south).

Is Japan on the equator?

How far is Japan from the equator and on what hemisphere is it? Japan is 2,465.62 mi (3,968.04 km) north of the equator, so it is located in the northern hemisphere.

Why is it called 38th parallel?

38th parallel, popular name given to latitude 38° N that in East Asia roughly demarcates North Korea and South Korea. The line was chosen by U.S. military planners at the Potsdam Conference (July 1945) near the end of World War II as an army boundary, north of which the U.S.S.R.

What is latitude and longitude?

Both longitude and latitude are angles measured with the center of the earth as an origin. A longitude is an angle from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an angle up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative).

How far north is Tokyo Japan?

Tokyo-japan is 2,364.76 mi (3,805.72 km) north of the equator, so it is located in the northern hemisphere. How far is it from Tokyo-japan to the South Pole?

What is the relative location of Tokyo?

Tokyo's absolute location is 35.6895 degrees North, 139.6917 degrees East. Tokyo's relative location is it's located in both the northern and southern hemispheres, and is positioned off the eastern coast of Asia.

What is the elevation of Tokyo Japan?

131′Tokyo / ElevationThe average elevation in Tokyo is 40 m (131 ft). Chiba Prefecture borders it to the east, Yamanashi to the west, Kanagawa to the south, and Saitama to the north. Mainland Tokyo is further subdivided into the special wards (occupying the eastern half) and the Tama area (多摩地域) stretching westwards.

Who developed the longitude system?

The concept of longitude was first developed by ancient Greek astronomers. Hipparchus (2nd century BCE) used a coordinate system that assumed a spherical earth, and divided it into 360° as we still do today. His prime meridian passed through Alexandria. He also proposed a method of determining longitude by comparing the local time of a lunar eclipse at two different places, thus demonstrating an understanding of the relationship between longitude and time.:11. Claudius Ptolemy (2nd century CE) developed a mapping system using curved parallels that reduced distortion. He also collected data for many locations, from Britain to the Middle East. He used a prime meridian through the Canary Islands, so that all longitude values would be positive. While Ptolemy's system was sound, the data he used were often poor, leading to a gross over-estimate (by about 70%) of the length of the Mediterranean.

How to determine the longitude of a clock?

A clock is set to the local time of a starting point whose longitude is known, and the longitude of any other place can be determined by comparing its local time with the clock time.

What is the line from pole to pole called?

For the adaptation of Sobel's book, see Longitude (TV series). For other uses, see Longitude (disambiguation). A graticule on the Earth as a sphere or an ellipsoid. The lines from pole to pole are lines of constant longitude, or meridians.

What is a circle parallel to the equator?

The circles parallel to the Equator are circles of constant latitude, or parallels. The graticule shows the latitude and longitude of points on the surface. In this example, meridians are spaced at 6° intervals and parallels at 4° intervals. Map of Earth.

Why is there a close connection between longitude and time?

Because of the earth's rotation , there is a close connection between longitude and time. Local time (for example from the position of the sun) varies with longitude, a difference of 15° longitude corresponding to a one-hour difference in local time.

How does Cos measure latitude?

Cos φ decreases from 1 at the equator to 0 at the poles, which measures how circles of latitude shrink from the equator to a point at the pole, so the length of a degree of longitude decreases likewise. This contrasts with the small (1%) increase in the length of a degree of latitude (north–south distance), equator to pole. The table shows both for the WGS84 ellipsoid with a = 6 378 137.0 m and b = 6 356 752.3142 m. Note that the distance between two points 1 degree apart on the same circle of latitude, measured along that circle of latitude, is slightly more than the shortest ( geodesic) distance between those points (unless on the equator, where these are equal); the difference is less than 0.6 m (2 ft).

What is the latitude of the equator?

The equator divides the planet into a Northern Hemisphere and a Southern Hemisphere, and has a latitude of 0°. Longitude ( / ˈlɒndʒɪtjuːd /, AU and UK also / ˈlɒŋɡɪ -/) is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east – west position of a point on the Earth 's surface, or the surface of a celestial body.

How to tell latitude and longitude?

Latitude is indicated on a map by a series of evenly-spaced horizontal lines running from one side of the map to the other, while longitude is indicated by a series of evenly-spaced vertical lines running from top to bottom. Look for numbers along the edges of the map giving coordinates for each line. These numbers are called “graticules.”.

How to draw longitude on a map?

Draw another line to mark the longitude of the point. Starting from the same point, use the ruler and pencil to draw a straight vertical line to the nearest north or south edge of the map. Make sure your line is parallel to the closest longitude line.

What is the starting point for measuring latitude and longitude?

Measure latitude and longitude relative to the 0 point. When measuring latitude in either direction, the equator is considered the starting point, at 0° latitude. Likewise, the prime meridian is the starting point for measures of longitude, representing 0° longitude.

How to find coordinates of a location?

Use a map with latitude and longitude lines and pinpoint the location you're trying to find coordinates for. Find the latitude and longitude markers, and use a ruler and a pencil to draw a line from your point to the nearest east or west edge of the map. Then, draw a vertical line from your point to the nearest north or south edge of the map. Then, take the numbers you got for the latitude and longitude of your point and put them together. For example, you could end up with 32°20′5″N, 120°14′12″E as your coordinates.

How to find your exact coordinates on Google Maps?

If you're using a map with longitude and latitude lines, stick a pin where you're located. Then, draw a straight horizontal line from your point to the east or west edge of the map. Then, draw a vertical line from your location to the north or south edge of the map. Put together the 2 coordinates to find your position.

How is latitude expressed?

Every measure of latitude or longitude is expressed in terms of how far it is from the origin point in either direction. For example, the North Pole is at 90°N, meaning it is 90° north of the equator. The antimeridian is at 180° either east or west from the prime meridian.

How to find your position on a map?

Then, draw a straight horizontal line from your point to the east or west edge of the map. Then, draw a vertical line from your location to the north or south edge of the map. Put together the 2 coordinates to find your position.

What is the Distance Between Lines of Latitude?

Lines of latitude are called parallels and in total there are 180 degrees of latitude. The distance between each degree of latitude is about 69 miles (110 kilometer s).

What are the Major Lines of Latitude (or Parallels)?

The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle.

What is Latitude?

While lines of latitude run across a map east-west, the latitude indicates the north-south position of a point on earth.

What is a Parallel?

A parallel is a named line connecting all points along the same line of latitude.

Where is the Equator?

The equator divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere is marks the location of 0 degrees latitude. Latitude represents an angular distance north or south of the equator.

What are the Horse Latitudes?

The Horse Latitudes are found at about 30 degrees North and South of the equator. Horse latitudes represents areas in the subtopics where prevailing winds diverge and flow towards the poles (known as westerlies) or towards the Equator (known as trade winds).

What is a Meridian?

While lines of latitude are known as parallels, lines of longitude are known as meridians.

Understanding Time Zone Lines

Jet lag can be an aggravation when it comes to traveling, and most travelers have experienced the phenomenon at some point when they have arrived at a distant location. Most people know that jet lag is caused by the differences in time between different locations. But what are time zone lines in reality, and how are time zones calculated?

How Are Time Zones Determined?

How are time zones determined? There are a few determining factors of time zones, but mostly time zones are based on the lines of longitude of the Earth and the Prime Meridian, which is the starting point, or zero-degree, line of longitude.

How to Calculate Time Zone Differences

How do people calculate the differences between time zones and how do people calculate time? The calculation is simple, involving basic math that uses both positive and negative numbers. Since each time zone is 15 degrees, and there is an hour difference between time zones, each movement of 15 will add or subtract one hour.

What is the length of a line of longitude?

A longitude is the angular distance of a place east or we§t of the Prime Meridian or 0° longitude. The lines of longitude are the great semi-circles joining North pole and South pole and are equal in length. These are 0° – 180°E and 0° – 180°W longitudes or total 360°.

What is the difference between latitude and longitude?

Answer: The latitudes are the parallel circles with respect to the equator reducing in length northwards and southwards and the poles are the points only. On the other hand longitudes are equal in length drawn from North Pole to South Pole with their intervals reducing towards poles. Question 4.

How far is the distance between two consecutive meridians of longitude?

On the other hand, the distance between two consecutive meridians of longitude is 111 km only at the equator and gradually decreases with distance from the equator. This is because the meridians of longitude converge at the two poles.

What are the lines that are diametrically opposite of the equator called?

Diametrically opposite lines of longitude and the Equator are called Great Circles. Answer: Every longitude along with its opposite longitude makes a complete circle around the earth and another complete big circle is the equator; while the latitudes make smaller circles along with the poles to be only points.

What are the latitudinal zones?

So the latitudinal zones are the actual heat zones of the earth, na mely tropical, temperate and polar zones.

How long is 360 degrees of longitude?

This means that 360 degrees of longitude are covered in a period of 24 hours. This gives rise to a time difference of [24 × 60/360] or 4 minutes for 1° of longitude. The time difference is to be added in case of places to the east of a point. In case of places to the west, the time difference is to be subtracted.

How long does it take the Earth to rotate?

As the earth takes 24 hours to make a complete rotation along its axis crossing 360° lines of longitude, so earth takes nearly 4 minutes to move one degree (1 °) longitude or 111 km length or distance. There is difference of time of one hour between 15° interval of longitudes.

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Overview

Longitude is a geographic coordinate that specifies the east–west position of a point on the surface of the Earth, or another celestial body. It is an angular measurement, usually expressed in degrees and denoted by the Greek letter lambda (λ). Meridians are semicircular lines running from pole to pole that connect points with the same longitude. The prime meridian defines 0° longitud…

History

The concept of longitude was first developed by ancient Greek astronomers. Hipparchus (2nd century BCE) used a coordinate system that assumed a spherical Earth, and divided it into 360° as we still do today. His prime meridian passed through Alexandria. He also proposed a method of determining longitude by comparing the local time of a lunar eclipse at two different places, thus demonstrating an understanding of the relationship between longitude and time. . Claudius Ptole…

Determination

The main methods for determining longitude are listed below. With one exception (magnetic declination) they all depend on a common principle, which was to determine an absolute time from an event or measurement and to compare the corresponding local time at two different locations.
• Lunar distances. In its orbit around the Earth, the Moon moves relative to the stars at a rate of j…

Values

Longitude is given as an angular measurement ranging from 0° at the Prime Meridian to +180° eastward and −180° westward. The Greek letter λ (lambda) is used to denote the location of a place on Earth east or west of the Prime Meridian.
Each degree of longitude is sub-divided into 60 minutes, each of which is divided into 60 seconds. A longitude is thus specified in sexagesimal notation as, for example, 23° 27′ 30″ E. For higher pr…

Length of a degree of longitude

The length of a degree of longitude (east–west distance) depends only on the radius of a circle of latitude. For a sphere of radius a that radius at latitude φ is a cos φ, and the length of a one-degree (or π/180 radian) arc along a circle of latitude is
When the Earth is modelled by an ellipsoid this arc length becomes

See also

• American Practical Navigator
• Cardinal direction
• Dead reckoning
• Ecliptic longitude
• Geodesy

Further reading

• Andrews, William J. H. (1996). The Quest for Longitude. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-9644329-0-1. OCLC 59617314.
• Howse, Derek (1980). Greenwich Time and the Discovery of the Longitude. Philip Wilson Publishers, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-19-215948-9.

External links

• Resources for determining your latitude and longitude
• IAU/IAG Working Group On Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites
• "Longitude forged": an essay exposing a hoax solution to the problem of calculating longitude, undetected in Dava Sobel's Longitude, from TLS, November 12, 2008.

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