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for what purposes did thomas jefferson send lewis and clark to explore the louisiana territory

by Mr. Gideon Kshlerin Published 1 year ago Updated 1 year ago

Jefferson hoped that Lewis and Clark would find a water route linking the Columbia and Missouri rivers.Jun 2, 2021

Why did Jefferson want Lewis and Clark to explore the Pacific?

Jefferson wanted Lewis and Clark to find an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean, strengthen U.S. claims to the Pacific Northwest by reaching it through an overland route, explore and map the territory, make note of its natural resources and wildlife, and make contact with Indian tribes with the intention of establishing trade with them.

How did Lewis and Clark prepare for the Louisiana Territory?

Preparations for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Lewis knew that exploring the Louisiana Territory would be no small task and immediately began preparations. He studied medicine, botany, astronomy and zoology and scrutinized existing maps and journals of the region. He also asked his friend Clark to co-command the expedition.

What was the legacy of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?

Lewis and Clark Expedition Legacy. Lewis was made Governor of the Louisiana Territory and Clark was appointed Brigadier General of Militia for Louisiana Territory and a federal Indian Agent. Clark remained well-respected and lived a successful life. Lewis, however, was not an effective governor and drank too much.

Who were Lewis and Clark?

Who Were Lewis and Clark? The Lewis and Clark Expedition began in 1804, when President Thomas Jefferson tasked Meriwether Lewis with exploring lands west of the Mississippi River that comprised the Louisiana Purchase. Lewis chose William Clark as his co-leader for the mission.

What did Lewis do to explore Louisiana?

What was the purpose of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?

Who Were Lewis and Clark?

How did Lewis and Clark rule the army?

What did William Clark do?

How many souls did Lewis and Clark have?

Which river did Lewis and Clark explore?

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What was Jefferson's purpose for the Lewis and Clark expedition?

Meriwether Lewis commanded the expedition jointly with William Clark. Jefferson instructed them to seek new trade routes, to establish relations with the western tribes of American Indians, and to report on the geography, geology, astronomy, zoology, botany, and climate of the West.

Why did Thomas Jefferson want Lewis and Clark to explore the Columbia River?

President Thomas Jefferson commissioned the expedition shortly after the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 to explore and to map the newly acquired territory, to find a practical route across the western half of the continent, and to establish an American presence in this territory before European powers attempted to ...

What were the 3 purposes of the Lewis and Clark expedition?

Their mission was to explore the unknown territory, establish trade with the Natives and affirm the sovereignty of the United States in the region.

Why did President Thomas Jefferson dispatch the Lewis and Clark expedition to the Louisiana Territory in 1804?

Why did Thomas Jefferson dispatch the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1804? He wanted a report on the physical features and the plant and animal life of the Louisiana Territory.

What were the four goals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?

The expedition, called the "Corps (kor) of Discovery,”Official name of the Lewis and Clark Expedition had four goals as assigned by President Jefferson: (1) to explore Louisiana; (2) to persuade the Indian tribes to become trading partners with the United States; (3) to find a trade route to the Pacific Ocean; and (4) ...

Why was the Louisiana Purchase important?

The purchase doubled the size of the United States, greatly strengthened the country materially and strategically, provided a powerful impetus to westward expansion, and confirmed the doctrine of implied powers of the federal Constitution.

What were two main goals of the Lewis and Clark expedition Brainly?

1.to learn about American Indian military skills and weapons. 2.to survey the land and gather geographical information.

What impact did the Lewis and Clark expedition have on the United States?

The Lewis and Clark Expedition was the first occasion for United States citizens to travel so far by river and land into the West, but it certainly wasn't the last. Upon their return they provided detailed maps, reports about natural resources, and details about the indigenous populations they encountered.

What was the purpose of Lewis and Clark's exploration of the unclaimed territory in the northwest?

Answer: The purpose of Lewis and Clark's exploration of "Unclaimed Territory" in the northwest was to gain extensive knowledge of the land within and beyond the Louisiana Purchase to decide what could be done with the land.

What was one reason that Jefferson wanted the Louisiana Territory?

He had planned a future colonial empire in North America and the West Indies in which Louisiana would provide raw materials for the sugar islands, an outlet for French goods, and a territory for settlement.

Why did Thomas Jefferson support the Louisiana Purchase?

President Thomas Jefferson had many reasons for wanting to acquire the Louisiana Territory. The reasons included future protection, expansion, prosperity and the mystery of unknown lands.

Why did Lewis and Clark follow rivers?

Establishing a river route from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean was crucial to capturing a portion of the fur trade that had proven so profitable to Great Britain. He also wanted to legitimize American claims to the land against rivals, such as Great Britain and Spain.

Did Lewis and Clark achieve Jefferson's goals?

Lewis and Clark never found this all water route across the continent, but they did fulfill their other goals. One of these goals included taking notes of the land's economic potential during their expedition.

Did Lewis and Clark find a river route to the Pacific Ocean?

Lewis and Clark may not have discovered a direct Northwest Passage, but they did forge a path to the Pacific that would inspire thousands of others to settle in the northwestern United States in the century to follow.

How did Lewis and Clark Honor President Jefferson?

Lewis and Clark gave Jefferson Peace Medals as tokens of friendship to Indian chiefs and other important tribal members. and selected Captain Meriwether Lewis, his private secretary, to lead it. the Pacific would be assured.

Timeline of the Lewis and Clark Expedition - Wikipedia

Date Event January 18: President Jefferson sends a secret message to the U.S. Congress proposing an expedition to the Pacific Northwest.: February 22: The House and Senate approve Jefferson's request.: March 15: Lewis travels to the U.S. Army arsenal in Harper's Ferry, Virginia (later West Virginia) to procure arms and ammunition for the expedition.: April 19

Answer

Answer: Establishing an American presence before Britain and the European states, as well as mapping the territory and finding the routes

Answer

Answer:He wanted them to find an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean, strengthen U.S. claims to the Pacific Northwest by reaching it through an overland route, explore and map the territory, make note of its natural resources and wildlife, and make contact with Indian tribes with the intention of establishing trade with them.

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What was the purpose of Lewis and Clark?

If you consider Lewis & Clark as the affordable military expedition to figure out how to set up a defended Northern boundary with British Canada and get trade and settlement started up there quickly , it makes a lot of sense from both what happened before and after the Expedition, i.e. the War of 1812–1814.

Why did Lewis and Clark map the Northwest Territory?

The Lewis and Clark expedition mapped out the Northwest Territory to show the value of the Louisiana Purchase, but also to support his Manifest Destiny plan.

What was the greatest achievement of Jefferson's presidency?

This was the greatest achievement of Jefferson’s presidency. The story of the Louisiana Purchase is one of strength , of Jefferson’s adaptability, and of his determination to seize the territory from France , doubling the size of the US and turning the United States into a continental power. A weaker politician may have bungled the acquisition, but Jefferson had a lifetime of experience to face off against Napoleon in the Louisiana Crisis. Less than a month after Jefferson’s 1801 inauguration, Spain gave France more than half of her North American colonies, a territory that stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. First Consul Bonaparte sought to establish a great empire in North America. President Jefferson could not allow this. It was one thing to have the weak Spanish Empire control a large neighboring territory. It was quite another to have France, a superpower ruled by the greatest military mind of modern history, govern it. Jefferson threatened to marry the United States to Britain, the country he hated most, in resistance to Napoleon. He was most nervous about France controlling New Orleans, which possessed a port that was critical to US trade. Jefferson sent James Monroe with a team to Paris in order to negotiate the American acquisition of New Orleans. Two factors played into America’s favor. First, Napoleon could not tolerate the threat of an Anglo-American alliance. Jefferson’s bluff terrified the most powerful man in the world. Second, the French colony of Haiti, which was key to Napoleon’s North American Empire, had risen up in a slave rebellion (this was partly inspired by the Declaration of Independence). Since France was at the brink of war with Britain, Napoleon could not afford to tie up troops in Haiti. The Louisiana territory had become a liability. Monroe and his team met with French Foreign Minister Talleyrand, a master of geopolitics. Talleyrand notified the Americans of Napoleon’s desire to sell their country the entire Louisiana territory for $15 million dollars, or three cents an acre. Jefferson was notified on July 3, 1803. The deal was announced the next day. The president and the American people were stunned with excitement. But many questioned whether the Constitution allowed Jefferson to acquire land. However, Secretary of State James Madison, who wrote the Constitution, said it was legal. That was all the encouragement Jefferson needed. He considered adding an amendment to the Constitution that would allow the acquisition of territory, but he did not have the time. News came that Napoleon was having second thoughts about selling so much land. Jefferson quickly pushed the treaty through the Senate. Using Hamiltonian methods, he cared less about the Constitution than doing what was best for the United States. Napoleon excitedly proclaimed his pleasure with the deal. Even if France lost the war, he had developed an ace in the hole. He helped turn America into a continental power, and one day the United States would grow to overpower Britain. There were negative consequences to the Louisiana Purchase, however. The territorial acquisition allowed the US to continue its expansion westward at the expense of the Native Americans. Furthermore, the seeds of the Civil War were partly sown in this expansion. Thomas Paine wrote Jefferson that the Louisiana Purchase offered a new beginning for the American nation; slavery could be outlawed in the new territory, containing the institution to the Deep South. Jefferson mistakenly believed that allowing slavery to expand would de-concentrate and weaken the system. He allowed slaves to be imported into New Orleans, crushing Paine’s hopes. Nevertheless, Jefferson’s doubling the size of the country is among his foremost achievements. If not for him, the United States may have remained a skinny nation on North America’s east coast, far from the superpower that it is today.

What was the purpose of the L&C expedition?

L&C were sent to explore the Northern edge of the Louisiana Purchase and well beyond it into disputed country (for another decade until the 1818 Treaty) West of the Continental Divide (so about a third of their expedition went beyond the LP’s Western boundary.)

What was Jefferson's main goal in the expedition?

The overall goals and purposes that Jefferson wanted the expedition to accomplish was to explore and map the territory, find a practical route across the western half of the continent, and establish an American presence before Britain and other European powers could lay their own claim. The campaign's secondary objectives were scientific and economic: to study the area's plants, animal life, and geography, and to establish trade with local American Indian tribes. The expedition was widely successful returning to Saint Louis and reporting to Jefferson with maps, journals, and sketches.

When did Jefferson control the Federal Government?

This viewed was a change in how Jefferson viewed the Consitution but it should be noted in the 1790s, Jefferson was in opposition to the prevailing Federalists but by 1801 Jefferson was in control of the Federal Government.

What resources did L&C explore?

L&C’s route and focus is also about mineral resources from surface coal deposits they comment on, very significant especially for the relatively treeless prairies, to precious metals (they pass through gold, silver, copper, iron, mercury, limestone, and most other metallic ores), the strategically valuable tall, straight trees of the Pacific Coast for ship-building/repair, the high quality river bottom soils readily irrigated, and meet the tribes that would be proxy armies for the Americans against the British-affiliated tribes like the Blackfeet, Chippewa/Ojibwe, etc.. The British explorers Robert Thompson and Peter Skeene Ogden (much riskier expeditions than L&C’s, riveting stories) looked for the same sort of economic opportunities in the region, Ogden traveling into what’s now Utah (the city of Ogden is named for him) and to California’s coast but somehow managing to ignore the many major gold rush sites he passed through and focused on beaver dams instead.

Why did Jefferson want Lewis and Clark to find an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean?

Jefferson wanted Lewis and Clark to find an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean, strengthen U.S. claims to the Pacific Northwest by reaching it through an overland route, explore and map the territory, make note of its natural resources and wildlife, and make contact with Indian tribes with the intention of establishing trade with them.

Why did the slaveholders in Texas want to be a slave state?

American slaveholders in Texas distrusted the Mexican government's reluctant tolerance of slavery and wanted Texas to be a new U.S. slave state. Most also disliked Mexicans' Roman Catholicism and regarded them as dishonest, ignorant, and backward. Belief in their own superiority inspired some Texans to try to undermine the power of the Mexican government.

Why did Northern politicians dislike the terms of the Missouri compromise?

Northern politicians disliked the terms of the Missouri Compromise because it allowed the expansion of slavery into the lands acquired in the Louisiana Purchase. They feared this would lead to the West being dominated by slaveholders.

Why did Jefferson want Lewis and Clark to find an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean?

Jefferson wanted Lewis and Clark to find an all-water route to the Pacific Ocean, strengthen U.S. claims to the Pacific Northwest by reaching it through an overland route, explore and map the territory, make note of its natural resources and wildlife, and make contact with Indian tribes with the intention of establishing trade with them.

Did the United States want to fight a war with Mexico?

A. The United States did not want to fight a war with Mexico.

What did Lewis and Clark map?

Lewis and Clark were thus instructed to map the territory through which they would pass and to explore all tributaries of the Missouri River. This part of the expedition struck fear into Spanish officials, who believed that Lewis and Clark would encroach on New Mexico, the northern part of New Spain.

Why did Thomas Jefferson buy Louisiana?

The purchase was made possible due to events outside the nation’s control. With the success of the Haitian Revolution, an uprising of slaves against the French, France’s Napoleon abandoned his quest to re-establish an extensive French Empire in America. As a result, he was amenable to selling off the vast Louisiana territory. President Jefferson quickly set out to learn precisely what he had bought and to assess its potential for commercial exploitation. Above all else, Jefferson wanted to exert U.S. control over the territory, an area already well known to French and British explorers. It was therefore vital for the United States to explore and map the land to pave the way for future white settlement.

Why did Jefferson establish the Pacific Ocean?

Establishing a river route from St. Louis to the Pacific Ocean was crucial to capturing a portion of the fur trade that had proven so profitable to Great Britain. He also wanted to legitimize American claims to the land against rivals, such as Great Britain and Spain. Lewis and Clark were thus instructed to map the territory through which they would pass and to explore all tributaries of the Missouri River. This part of the expedition struck fear into Spanish officials, who believed that Lewis and Clark would encroach on New Mexico, the northern part of New Spain. Spain dispatched four unsuccessful expeditions from Santa Fe to intercept the explorers. Lewis and Clark also had directives to establish friendly relationships with the western tribes, introducing them to American trade goods and encouraging warring groups to make peace. Establishing an overland route to the Pacific would bolster U.S. claims to the Pacific Northwest, first established in 1792 when Captain Robert Gray sailed his ship Columbia into the mouth of the river that now bears his vessel’s name and forms the present-day border between Oregon and Washington. Finally, Jefferson, who had a keen interest in science and nature, ordered Lewis and Clark to take extensive notes on the geography, plant life, animals, and natural resources of the region into which they would journey.

How to explain the Louisiana Purchase?

By the end of this section, you will be able to: 1 Explain the significance of the Louisiana Purchase 2 Describe the terms of the Adams-Onís Treaty 3 Describe the role played by the filibuster in American expansion

How long did it take the Corps of Discovery to reach the Pacific Ocean?

After spending eighteen long months on the trail and nearly starving to death in the Bitterroot Mountains of Montana, the Corps of Discovery finally reached the Pacific Ocean in 1805 and spent the winter of 1805–1806 in Oregon. They returned to St. Louis later in 1806 having lost only one man, who had died of appendicitis. Upon their return, Meriwether Lewis was named governor of the Louisiana Territory. Unfortunately, he died only three years later in circumstances that are still disputed, before he could write a complete account of what the expedition had discovered.

What was the Northwest Passage?

This “ Northwest Passage ” would afford the country that controlled it not only access to the interior of North America but also—more importantly—a relatively quick route to the Pacific Ocean and to trade with Asia. The Spanish, French, and British searched for years before American explorers took up the challenge of finding it. Indeed, shortly before Lewis and Clark set out on their expedition for the U.S. government, Alexander Mackenzie, an officer of the British North West Company, a fur trading outfit, had attempted to discover the route. Mackenzie made it to the Pacific and even believed (erroneously) he had discovered the headwaters of the Columbia River, but he could not find an easy water route with a minimum of difficult portages, that is, spots where boats must be carried overland.

Why was it important for the United States to explore and map the land?

It was therefore vital for the United States to explore and map the land to pave the way for future white settlement.

What did Lewis do to explore Louisiana?

Lewis knew that exploring the Louisiana Territory would be no small task and began preparations immediately. He studied medicine, botany, astronomy and zoology and scrutinized existing maps and journals of the region. He also asked his friend Clark to co-command the expedition.

What was the purpose of the Lewis and Clark Expedition?

The Lewis and Clark Expedition began in 1804, when President Thomas Jefferson tasked Meriwether Lewis with exploring lands west of the Mississippi River that comprised the Louisiana Purchase. Lewis chose William Clark as his co-leader for the mission. The excursion lasted over two years: Along the way they confronted harsh weather, unforgiving terrain, treacherous waters, injuries, starvation, disease and both friendly and hostile Native Americans. Nevertheless, the approximately 8,000-mile journey was deemed a huge success and provided new geographic, ecological and social information about previously uncharted areas of North America.

Who Were Lewis and Clark?

Meriwether Lewis was born in Virginia in 1774 but spent his early childhood in Georgia. He returned to Virginia as a teenager to receive his education and graduated from college in 1793. He then joined the Virginia state militia—where he helped to put down the Whiskey Rebellion —and later became a captain in the U.S. Army. At age 27 he became personal secretary to President Thomas Jefferson.

How did Lewis and Clark rule the army?

To maintain discipline, Lewis and Clark ruled the Corps with an iron hand and doled out harsh punishments such as bareback lashing and hard labor for those who got out of line. On August 20, 22-year-old Corps member Sergeant Charles Floyd died of an abdominal infection, possibly from appendicitis.

What did William Clark do?

He then joined the Virginia state militia—where he helped to put down the Whiskey Rebellion —and later became a captain in the U.S. Army. At age 27 he became personal secretary to President Thomas Jefferson. William Clark was born in Virginia in 1770 but moved with his family to Kentucky at age 15.

How many souls did Lewis and Clark have?

He chose unmarried, healthy men who were good hunters and knew survival skills. The expedition party included 45 souls including Lewis, Clark, 27 unmarried soldiers, a French-Indian interpreter, a contracted boat crew and a slave owned by Clark named York.

Which river did Lewis and Clark explore?

Lewis’ group took a shortcut north to the Great Falls of the Missouri River and explored Marias River —a tributary of the Missouri in present-day Montana—while Clark’s group, including Sacagawea and her family, went south along the Yellowstone River.

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