What did the Supreme Court decide in the Bethel School District No 403 V Fraser?
403 v. Fraser, legal case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on July 7, 1986, ruled (7–2) that school officials did not violate a student's free speech and due process rights when he was disciplined for making a lewd and vulgar speech at a school assembly.
What did Matthew Fraser say in his speech?
"I know a man who is firm -- he's firm in his pants, he's firm in his shirt, his character is firm -- but most . . . of all, his belief in you, the students of Bethel, is firm.
How old was Matthew Fraser when he gave his speech?
17-year-oldMatthew Fraser was a 17-year-old high school senior in a farming town near Tacoma, Wash., in April 1983 when he gave a one-minute speech that he thought would grab students' attention. It did, and then some.
What is the difference between the Tinker standard and Fraser standard as they relate to students free speech?
Under the Fraser standard, school officials look not merely to the reasonable risk of disruption—the Tinker standard—but would also balance the freedom of a student's speech rights against the school's interest in teaching students the boundaries of socially appropriate behavior.
Could a school punish a teacher for speaking out about a matter of public concern?
Context: Public vs. Private schools are not prohibited by the First Amendment from imposing limitations on the free speech of teachers or students. As a public school teacher, the First Amendment protects the teacher's ability to speak as a private citizen on a matter of public concern.
Why was the student's speech not protected under the 1st Amendment?
Speech is not usually protected when it constitutes a threat toward another that places the target of such speech of bodily harm or death. There are certain exceptions, such as when a reasonable person would understand the language not to be a credible threat.
How Fraser's actions are a violation of the First Amendment?
Fraser suspended for lewd speech After school officials suspended Fraser, he sued in federal court. A federal district court and federal appeals court ruled in Fraser's favor, finding that school officials violated his First Amendment rights.
How old was Matthew Fraser in Bethel?
seventeen-year-oldFraser, then a seventeen-year-old senior at Bethel High School in Tacoma, Washington, nominated a friend and classmate for school office at a student-run assembly called for that purpose.
Who was involved in the Bethel vs Fraser case?
Fraser, a student at Bethel High School in Pierce County, Washington, delivered a speech nominating a fellow student for student elective office. Approximately 600 high school students, many of whom were 14-year-olds, attended the assembly. Students were required to attend the assembly or to report to the study hall.
Why did the Supreme Court rule against Fraser in this case?
High school student Matthew Fraser was suspended from school in the Bethel School District in Washington for making a speech including sexual innuendo at a school assembly. The Supreme Court held that his suspension did not violate his First Amendment right to freedom of speech.
Why do you think the Supreme Court limits student speech more than the speech of adults?
The Supreme Court decided that the school had the right to set boundaries of socially acceptable behavior and that the school's right was greater than that of Fraser's right to free speech on the school grounds. Unlike in the Tinker v.
In which Supreme Court decision did it rule that public school sponsored prayer violates the Establishment Clause even when it is voluntary?
In Engel v. Vitale, 370 U.S. 421 (1962), the Supreme Court ruled that school-sponsored prayer in public schools violated the establishment clause of the First Amendment.
What is the disruption test?
The substantial disruption test is the major standard developed by the U.S. Supreme Court in its seminal student speech K-12 decision Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District (1969) meant to determine when public school officials may discipline students for their expression.
What happened in Hazelwood v Kuhlmeier?
In Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier, 484 U.S. 260 (1988), the Supreme Court held that schools may restrict what is published in student newspapers if the papers have not been established as public forums.
How long did the Tinker v Des Moines case last?
four-yearRepresented by the ACLU, the students and their families embarked on a four-year court battle that culminated in the landmark Supreme Court decision.