Knowledge Builders

for which states is the red river of the north a boundary

by Antoinette Leffler MD Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago
image

The Red River begins at the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers, on the border of Wahpeton, North Dakota and Breckenridge

Breckenridge

Breckenridge is a city and county seat of Wilkin County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 3,386 at the 2010 census. Breckenridge's twin city is Wahpeton, North Dakota. It is part of the Wahpeton, ND–MN Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Bois de Sioux River and the Otter Tail River j…

, Minnesota. Downstream, it is bordered by the twin cities of Fargo

Fargo

Fargo is a city in and the county seat of Cass County, North Dakota, United States. The most populous city in the state, it accounts for nearly 17% of the state population. According to the 2018 United States Census estimates, its population was 124,844, making it the 222nd-most populou…

, North Dakota – Moorhead

Moorhead

Moorhead is a city in Clay County, Minnesota, United States, and the largest city in northwest Minnesota. The population was 38,065 according to the 2010 census. 2018 estimated population is 43,349. It is the county seat of Clay County.

, Minnesota, and Grand Forks, North Dakota – East Grand Forks, Minnesota.

The Red River of the North flows northward 550 miles from its source in Breckenridge, Minnesota to Lake Winnipeg in Canada, and forms most of the border between Minnesota and North Dakota. Be aware that this river touches two states and also crosses into Canada.

Full Answer

What is the Red River of the north?

Red River of the North. Originating at the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers between the U.S. states of Minnesota and North Dakota, it flows northward through the Red River Valley, forming most of the border of Minnesota and North Dakota and continuing into Manitoba. It empties into Lake Winnipeg,...

What cities border the Red River in North Dakota?

Geography. The Red River begins at the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers, on the border of Wahpeton, North Dakota and Breckenridge, Minnesota. Downstream, it is bordered by the twin cities of Fargo, North Dakota – Moorhead, Minnesota, and Grand Forks, North Dakota – East Grand Forks, Minnesota.

Where is the Red River basin?

The drainage area for the Red River Basin is about 40,200 square miles and encompasses parts of eastern North Dakota, northwestern Minnesota, and northeastern South Dakota in the United States and southern Manitoba in Canada.

What river forms the border between North Dakota and Minnesota?

Meandering for approximately 450 river miles over a flat lacustrine plain, the shallow channel of the Red River forms the boundary between North Dakota and Minnesota.

See more

image

For which states is the Red River a boundary?

The Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 used a map drawn by Scottish explorer John Melish to establish the Red River as the southwestern boundary between the two countries. Later, the Red River served as an international boundary between the United States and Mexico and, after the Texas Revolution, with the Republic of Texas.

What are the boundaries of the Red River Valley?

The Red River begins at the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers, on the border of Wahpeton, North Dakota and Breckenridge, Minnesota. Downstream, it is bordered by the twin cities of Fargo, North Dakota – Moorhead, Minnesota, and Grand Forks, North Dakota – East Grand Forks, Minnesota.

Is the Red River a border?

The Red River is the second-largest river basin in the southern Great Plains. It rises in two branches in the Texas Panhandle and flows east, where it serves as the border between the states of Texas and Oklahoma. It forms a short border between Texas and Arkansas before entering Arkansas.

Where does Red River of the North begin?

Bois de Sioux RiverOtter Tail RiverRed River/Sources

What state is the Red River Valley located in?

North DakotaThe Red River Valley is a region in North Dakota in the United States.

What states were in the Red River basin?

The drainage area for the Red River Basin is about 40,200 square miles and encompasses parts of eastern North Dakota, northwestern Minnesota, and northeastern South Dakota in the United States and southern Manitoba in Canada.

Where does the Red River of the North start and end?

Lake WinnipegRed River / MouthThe Red River of the North flows northward 550 miles from its source in Breckenridge, Minnesota to Lake Winnipeg in Canada, and forms most of the border between Minnesota and North Dakota. Be aware that this river touches two states and also crosses into Canada.

Why is the Red River of the North called the Red River?

After it was explored in 1732–33 by the French voyageur Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de La Vérendrye, the river, called Red because of the reddish brown silt it carries, served as a transportation link between Lake Winnipeg and the Mississippi River system.

Does the Red River belong to Texas or Oklahoma?

From its headwaters in New Mexico, the Red River flows across Texas, along the Texas-Oklahoma border, and into Arkansas before reaching its confluence with the Mississippi River in Louisiana.

What river is the boundary between the US and Mexico?

The Rio GrandeThe Rio Grande is the fifth longest river in the United States and among the top twenty in the world. It extends from the San Juan Mountains of Colorado to the Gulf of Mexico (1,901 miles) and forms a 1,255 mile segment of the border between the United States and Mexico.

Which river is called Red River in India?

Tsangpo-BrahmaputraIt is also called Tsangpo-Brahmaputra and red river of India (when referring to the whole river including the stretch within the Tibet Autonomous Region).

What rivers flow into the Red River of the north?

Originating at the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers between the U.S. states of Minnesota and North Dakota, it flows northward through the Red River Valley, forming the border of Minnesota and North Dakota and continuing into Manitoba, Canada.

How many red rivers are there?

There are actually two Red Rivers in the United States. The Red River of the South flows through Texas, becoming a proper river just below where the North Fork and Prairie Dog Town Fork join together.

Is the Red River the only river that flows north?

Our Red River is one exception but instead of being freaky, it just turns out that downhill here is toward Hudson Bay. Most rivers in northern Canada flow north. The Willamette River in Oregon flows north. The Nile flows north.

Where does the Red River of the south start?

Prairie Dog Town Fork Red RiverBuck CreekRed River/Sources

Why is the Red River Red in Oklahoma?

Its name comes from its color, which in turn comes from the fact that the river carries large quantities of red soil in flood periods.

Where is the Red River Valley located in Texas?

Location: Red River Valley Ranch is situated in the North Texas Hill Country about 1.5 hours northwest of DFW International Airport. The ranch is located at 3748 County Road 435, Saint Jo, TX.

What is the border between Texas and Oklahoma?

Thus, the Red River Boundary Compact became the legal document establishing the permanent political boundary between Oklahoma and Texas. The compact declares the vegetation line along the south bank of the Red River extending on a line from the 100th Meridian east to Lake Texoma as the northern border of Texas.

Where does the Red River join the Mississippi?

Where does the Red River end? The Red River ends in Louisiana where it empties into the Mississippi River and the Atchafalaya. More specifically, the Red River ends as water from an outflow channel from the Mississippi River joins the Red River and flows into the Atchafalaya River near Simmesport, Louisiana.

What river borders Texas Louisiana?

the Sabine RiverFlowing from its head-waters in Hunt County, the Sabine River forms much of the border between Texas and Louisiana before draining to the Gulf of Mexico through Sabine Lake. The Sabine River has the second largest average flow volume of any river in Texas.

What cities are in the Red River Valley in Texas?

List of Towns and Cities in Red River County, Texas, United States with Maps and Steets ViewsAnnona.Avery.Bagwell.Bogata.Clarksville.Detroit.

How wide is the Red River Valley?

approximately 60 miles wideThe Red River Valley occupies 17,000 square miles of eastern North Dakota, northwestern Minnesota and southern Manitoba. It is approximately 60 miles wide at its widest point and 315 miles long, from Lake Traverse at the southern end to Lake Winnipeg at the northern end.

Where is the Red River Valley located in Texas?

Location: Red River Valley Ranch is situated in the North Texas Hill Country about 1.5 hours northwest of DFW International Airport. The ranch is located at 3748 County Road 435, Saint Jo, TX.

What makes the Red River Valley so prone to flooding?

The Red River of the North has flooded repeatedly through the centuries. It is highly prone to spring flooding because of its northward flow, the nearly flat former lake bed of the valley, and ice formation on the river.

Which states lack rivers?

However, there are many partial state boundaries, particularly in the Midwest, Northeast, and South, that are defined by rivers; in fact, only five states (Colorado, Hawaii, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming) completely lack any borders defined by rivers or waterways. Map of U.S. river/waterway state borders (highlighted)

What is the boundary between New Hampshire and Vermont?

The boundary between New Hampshire and Vermont is the west bank of the Connecticut River. This was established as the eastern boundary of New York by a grant of King Charles II in 1664. It was disregarded by Governor Benning Wentworth of New Hampshire, who treated the New Hampshire Grants west of the river as a de facto part of New Hampshire during the years 1649–1764, but King George III put an end to that in 1764. In August 1781, the Continental Congress decided it would recognize the then largely unrecognized state of Vermont, which had been organized in defiance of New York, on condition that Vermont would agree to certain boundaries. In 1782, the legislature of Vermont agreed, but nonetheless Vermont was not admitted to the Union until 1791. In 1933, citing the 1782 legislation, the United States Supreme Court denied the petition from the state of Vermont to make the boundary the thread of the channel.

What is the boundary between Kentucky and West Virginia?

The boundaries between Kentucky and West Virginia and the three states to their north – Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois – is based on the historical northern bank of the Ohio River. In 1763, Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, whose North American theater was called the French and Indian War. At that time, Canada, which had been a French colony, became a British colony, and Parliament made the north bank of the Ohio the southern boundary of Canada. The river was thus included in the district of Kentucky, which was then a part of Virginia. In January 1980, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Ohio v. Kentucky that the state line is the low-water mark of the Ohio River's north shore as of Kentucky's admission to the Union in 1792. Because both damming and natural changes have rendered the 1792 shore virtually undetectable in many places, the exact boundary was decided in the 1990s in settlements among the states.

What is the boundary between Alabama and Georgia?

The boundary between Alabama and Georgia, south of West Point, Georgia, is the west bank of the Chattahoochee River at the mean water mark. This was established in an 1860 Supreme Court ruling, Alabama v. Georgia.

What is the latitude of the Delaware River?

The boundary between Delaware and New Jersey north of 39° 30' north latitude is the east bank of the Delaware River.

What river runs through Maryland and Virginia?

The boundary between Maryland and Virginia is the south bank of the Potomac River. This also applies both to the border between Maryland and West Virginia (from Harper's Ferry to the source of the Potomac near the Fairfax Stone) since the latter was at one point part of Virginia, and to the border between Virginia and Washington, D.C., since the capital was established from a section of Maryland property.

Why do states have straight lines?

Because of its unique history, many of the boundaries of the political divisions of the United States were artificially constructed (rather than permitted to evolve and drawn using natural features of the landscape). Therefore, many U.S. states have straight lines as boundaries, especially in the West. However, there are many partial state boundaries, particularly in the Midwest, Northeast, and South, that are defined by rivers; in fact, only five states (Colorado, Hawaii, Montana, Utah, and Wyoming) completely lack any borders defined by rivers or waterways.

What county is the Red River in?

Map of the Red River in Clay and Montague Counties, showing flood plains, cut banks, and sandy beaches along the river. The map also includes creeks, towns, and railroads (Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad and Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad). Scale [ca. 1:63,360] (1 mile to the inch). A full-size version of this map, complete with title block and notes is available at archive.amerisurv.com/docs/RedRiverStiles.tif. Map courtesy of the Jesse Wallace Williams Map Collection at Hardin-Simmons University.

When was the Red River purchased?

This article, Part I, traces the history and background of the Red River as a boundary between Oklahoma and Texas, from its genesis, the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 through the frequently-cited 1952 article written by Arthur A. Stiles, the “Father of the Gradient Boundary Method.” (Part II will cover from 1952 to date.) As we will see, this boundary is rich in history, law, science and the technical aspects of surveying.

What was the result of the Red River litigation?

Supreme Court was the invention of a brand new riparian boundary term, the “gradient boundary,” and its also new accompanying field surveying method for determining this boundary.

What does the nut mean in the boundary description language?

The “nut” of the boundary description language “at issue” will be the part which goes “north…to…where it strikes the…Red River, then following the course of the Red Roxo [River] westward…then crossing the said Red River….” and thence north. To Texas “to the river then following the course” of the river will mean its thread. To Oklahoma, it will mean its south bank. It will take the U.S. Supreme Court to decide which is intended by the treaty language.

Why have all attempts to define a line along a landform failed?

Every judicial body since the Romans has tried to define a line along the bank of a river to be used as a boundary with sufficient specificity that it can be reproduced with certainty at exactly the same location by all future boundary surveyors. All such attempts have failed, mostly because the courts are trying to define a line along an object which is a landform. A specific, universally repeatable line to a landform which changes…that’s hard to do. But here the Court got close, and then appointed Boundary Commissioners to take their specification for the line, go on the ground and find and survey the line.

What was the most epic boundary litigation in U.S. history?

The litigation was the most epic boundary litigation in U.S. history. The Court Has Spoken—Now Call the Surveyors. At the conclusion of the “guts” of the Red River Litigation, in 260 U.S. 606, 1923, the U.S. Supreme Court announced where on the south bank of the Red River the Oklahoma-Texas boundary was located:

What is the Oklahoma Texas state line?

What is today the Oklahoma-Texas state line was first an international boundary between the United States and Spain, created by the 1803 Louisiana Purchase. Surprisingly (but perhaps not to surveyors), the “Cession of Louisiana” treaty contained no boundary description (see 8 Stat. 200).

Which country extended the boundary line westward?

The 1818 convention with Great Britain extended the northern United State's boundary line westward along the 49th parallel of latitude to the "Stony" (Rocky) Mountains and provided that the country beyond these mountains should for 10 years remain open to both parties.

What act describes the state's boundaries?

The enabling act described the state's boundaries as follows:

How long is the boundary between Minnesota and North Dakota?

The boundary between North Dakota and Minnesota, the thread of the channels of the Red River of the North and the Bois de Sioux River, is approximately 434 miles long. The "as-the-crow-flies" distance is about 213 miles.

What is the longitude of North Dakota?

It was during the years when this law was in effect that North Dakota's boundaries were determined. The above-mentioned longitude, 77°03'02.3", became the eventual basis for establishing the line that is the boundary between the states of North Dakota and Montana. The State of North Dakota.

What are jurisdictional boundaries?

Three of the most common means of defining jurisdictional boundaries are: . By a water boundary, such as a stream, lake, or other body of water (e.g. North Dakota's eastern boundary - the Red River of the North); .

How many boundaries are there in North Dakota?

I'll begin with a general discussion of how geographic boundaries are established and follow with an account of each of North Dakota's four boundaries.

Why did the Fargo Convention decide to divide the territory along the line of the Seventh Standard Parallel?

To avoid the confusion resulting from a division of the territory along the line of the forty-sixth parallel, the Fargo convention resolved in favor of dividing the territory along the line of the Seventh Standard Parallel. This line conformed to the county boundaries already established and to the township lines already drawn by congressional survey. Bennett's bill was eventually pigeonholed and, when the Enabling Act for the Dakotas, Montana, and Washington was passed, it stipulated that the Territory of Dakota should be "divided on the line of the Seventh Standard Parallel ..."

image

1.Red River of the North - Wikipedia

Url:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_River_of_the_North

32 hours ago  · Meandering for approximately 450 river miles over a flat lacustrine plain, the shallow channel of the Red River forms the boundary between North Dakota and Minnesota. …

2.Red River of the North | river, North America | Britannica

Url:https://www.britannica.com/place/Red-River-of-the-North

17 hours ago Forming the boundary between the states of North Dakota and Minnesota, the Red River flows north into Manitoba before entering Lake Winnipeg. Situated in the fertile Red River Valley, the …

3.Red River Basin | U.S. Geological Survey

Url:https://www.usgs.gov/centers/dakota-water-science-center/science/red-river-basin

25 hours ago  · For which states is the red river of the north a boundary? Wiki User. ∙ 2013-07-09 02:15:18. Study now. See answer (1) Best Answer. Copy. North Dakota and Minnesota. Wiki …

4.Red River | International Joint Commission - IJC

Url:https://ijc.org/en/watersheds/red-river

1 hours ago The Red River of the North flows northward 550 miles from its source in Breckenridge, Minnesota to Lake Winnipeg in Canada, and forms most of the border between Minnesota and North …

5.List of river borders of U.S. states - Wikipedia

Url:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_river_borders_of_U.S._states

16 hours ago  · The Red River of the North - Marsh River watershed is part of the Red River Basin in northwestern Minnesota and southeastern North Dakota. The Red River begins its course just …

6.The Short Story of the Red River, - The American Surveyor

Url:https://amerisurv.com/2019/04/19/the-short-story-of-the-red-river-oklahoma-v-texas-and-the-gradient-boundary-1803-1952/

33 hours ago

7.NORTH DAKOTA'S BOUNDARIES - Department of Mineral …

Url:https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndgs/ndnotes/Boundaries/Boundaries.asp

2 hours ago

8.Red River of the North - Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Url:https://www.pca.state.mn.us/watershed-information/red-river-of-the-north-marsh-river

10 hours ago

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9