Knowledge Builders

for whom was this battle a victory trenton

by Jaylon Mohr Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago
image

Contents. General George Washington's army crossed the icy Delaware on Christmas Day 1776 and, over the course of the next 10 days, won two crucial battles of the American Revolution. In the Battle of Trenton (December 26), Washington defeated a formidable garrison of Hessian mercenaries
Hessian mercenaries
Hessians (US: /ˈhɛʃənz/ or UK: /ˈhɛsiənz/) were German soldiers who served as auxiliaries to the British Army during the American Revolutionary War. The term is an American synecdoche for all Germans who fought on the British side, since 65% came from the German states of Hesse-Kassel and Hesse-Hanau.
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hessian_(soldier)
before withdrawing.
Feb 6, 2020

Who won the battle of Trenton and why?

Despite the large number of Hessians that escaped Trenton, Washington still won a crucial strategic and material victory. In only one hour of fighting, the Continental Army captured nearly nine hundred Hessian officers and soldiers as well as a large supply of muskets, bayonets, swords, and cannons.

Who won the battle of Trenton American or British?

The AmericansThe general daringly led his men across the icy Delaware River and on a ten-mile march into Trenton, New Jersey, where they surprised a garrison of 1,500 Hessians. The Americans dominated the fight and prevailed again in Princeton a week later.

Was Trenton a British victory?

The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal American Revolutionary War battle that took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey.

Why was the Battle of Trenton such an important victory?

The surprise victory at Trenton was important to the American cause for several reasons: For the first time, Washington's forces had defeated a regular army in the field. American losses were extremely light; only two soldiers died and those apparently from exposure, not enemy fire.

What was the outcome of the Battle of Trenton quizlet?

The americans won the battle.

What is Trenton known for?

During the American Revolutionary War, the city was the site of George Washington's first military victory. On December 26, 1776, Washington and his army, after crossing the icy Delaware River to Trenton, defeated the Hessian troops garrisoned there.

Where was Battle of Trenton?

TrentonBattle of Trenton / LocationTrenton is the capital city of the U.S. state of New Jersey, the county seat of Mercer County and was the capital of the United States from November 1 until Christmas Eve, 1784. Wikipedia

When did the Battle of Trenton happen?

December 26, 1776Battle of Trenton / Start date

What was the Battle of Trenton for kids?

The Battle of Trenton was a bold attack by the US army on the British. On December 25, 1776, George Washington made the decision to cross over the icy Delaware River at night, in small boats, to launch a surprise attack.

What battles did Washington win?

While he lost more battles than he won, Washington employed a winning strategy that included victories at the Battle of Trenton in 1776 and Yorktown in 1781....Revolutionary War.Start:April 19, 1775Key Turning Point:Battle of SaratogaLast Major Battle:Siege of YorktownEnd:September 3, 1783Winner:The United States1 more row

Why were the victories at Trenton and Princeton important?

American victories at Trenton and Princeton were important because they ruined British plans for a quick end to the war and gave the Americans confidence they could stand up to British regulars in battle. It also encouraged people to enlist in the Continental Army.

Who won the Battle of Philadelphia?

During the American Revolution, the British successfully overtook the American capital city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Here are 10 facts about how the British gained control of Philadelphia, and later, how the Americans took it back. Fact #1: Philadelphia was the American capital during the War.

What battles did George Washington win?

While he lost more battles than he won, Washington employed a winning strategy that included victories at the Battle of Trenton in 1776 and Yorktown in 1781....Revolutionary War.Start:April 19, 1775Key Turning Point:Battle of SaratogaLast Major Battle:Siege of YorktownEnd:September 3, 1783Winner:The United States1 more row

Who won the Battle of New York City?

British victoryThe British defeated the Americans and gained access to the strategically important Port of New York, which they held for the rest of the war....Battle of Long Island.DateAugust 26, 1776ResultBritish victory The British capture New York City and Long Island from the Continental Army1 more row

Who won the Battle of Philadelphia?

During the American Revolution, the British successfully overtook the American capital city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Here are 10 facts about how the British gained control of Philadelphia, and later, how the Americans took it back. Fact #1: Philadelphia was the American capital during the War.

When did the Battle of Trenton end?

December 26, 1776Battle of Trenton / End date

How many people were killed in the Battle of Trenton?

Casualties and capture. The engraving George Washington at the Battle of Trenton by the Illman Brothers in 1870. The Hessian forces lost 22 killed in action, including their commander Colonel Johann Rall, 83 wounded, and 896 captured–including the wounded.

What were the major battles of the American Revolution?

List of American Revolutionary War battles. New Jersey in the American Revolution. Battle of the Assunpink Creek – also known as the Second Battle of Trenton, fought one week later. Battle of Iron Works Hill. Battle of Princeton – fought the day after the Battle of the Assunpink Creek. Battle of Yorktown.

How did the Patriot victory affect the Continental Congress?

The Patriot victory gave the Continental Congress new confidence, as it proved colonial forces could defeat regulars. It also increased re-enlistments in the Continental Army forces. By defeating a European army, the colonials reduced the fear which the Hessians had caused earlier that year after the fighting in New York. Howe was stunned that the Patriots so easily surprised and overwhelmed the Hessian garrison. Colonial support for the rebellion was further buoyed significantly at this time by writings of Thomas Paine and additional successful actions by the New Jersey Militia.

What was the morale of the Continental Army in 1776?

In early December 1776, American morale was very low. The Americans had been ousted from New York by the British and their Hessian auxiliaries, and the Continental Army was forced to retreat across New Jersey. Ninety percent of the Continental Army soldiers who had served at Long Island were gone. Men had deserted, feeling that the cause for independence was lost. Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, expressed some doubts, writing to his cousin in Virginia, "I think the game is pretty near up."

What was the purpose of the Battle of Bordentown?

General John Cadwalader would launch a diversionary attack against the British garrison at Bordentown, New Jersey, to block off reinforcements from the south. General James Ewing would take 700 militia across the river at Trenton Ferry, seize the bridge over the Assunpink Creek and prevent enemy troops from escaping. The main assault force of 2,400 men would cross the river 9 mi (14 km) north of Trenton and split into two groups, one under Greene and one under Sullivan, to launch a pre-dawn attack. Sullivan would attack the town from the south, and Greene from the north. Depending on the success of the operation, the Americans would possibly follow up with separate attacks on Princeton and New Brunswick.

What was the name of the monument that Monroe was carried from the field?

Doctor John Riker clamped the artery, preventing him from bleeding to death. The Trenton Battle Monument, erected at "Five Points" in Trenton, stands as a tribute to this U.S. victory.

What was the name of the battle that took place in 1776?

Forage War. Millstone. The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal American Revolutionary War battle that took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey. After General George Washington 's crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton the previous night, Washington led the main body of the Continental Army ...

Why was the Battle of Trenton important?

Importance of the Battles of Trenton and Princeton. As at Trenton, the Americans took prisoners, arms and supplies but quickly withdrew after winning the Battle of Princeton. Washington had wanted to advance to New Brunswick, but was fortuitously overruled by his officers (at the time, Cornwallis’ men were en route to New Brunswick).

What did the American victory in the Battle of Princeton do?

The victories reasserted American control of much of New Jersey and greatly improved the morale and unity of the colonial army and militias.

How many troops did George Washington have in New Jersey?

Realizing his men could not hold Trenton against British reinforcements, Washington withdrew across the Delaware. However, on December 30 he crossed back into New Jersey with an army of 2,000. Informed that 8,000 British troops under Generals Charles Cornwallis and James Grant were marching south from Princeton, Washington worked quickly to supplement his numbers, urging militiamen whose terms had expired to stay on for six weeks.

What happened at the Battle of Princeton?

The Battle of Princeton. At dawn on January 3, 1777, Cornwallis woke to find that his opponent had disappeared, while Washington’s men were nearing the end of their 12-mile march to Princeton. Washington sent a small force under General Hugh Mercer to destroy a bridge.

How many men did Washington have in the Battle of Trenton?

He envisioned a three-pronged attack, with his army of 2,400 flanked by a 1,900-man diversionary force under Colonel John Cadwalader and a blocking move by General James Ewing’s 700 men. Washington’s men and cannons crossed the icy river in boats and began the 19-mile march towards Trenton in a freezing storm.

What battles did Washington cross?

Washington Crosses the Delaware. The Battle of Trenton. Between Trenton and Princeton. The Battle of Princeton. Importance of the Battles of Trenton and Princeton. General George Washington’s army crossed the icy Delaware on Christmas Day 1776 and, over the course of the next 10 days, won two crucial battles of the American Revolution.

How many men did Washington deploy to keep the campfires going?

That night, Washington deployed 500 men to keep the campfires going while the rest of his troops made a nighttime march north to Princeton.

How many British soldiers died in the Battle of Trenton?

Continental losses were light, but it was estimated that as many as 150 British and Hessian soldiers were killed in the Second Battle of Trenton, making this engagement by far the deadlier of the two battles on that site. Lord Charles Cornwallis. Lord Charles Cornwallis, undated engraving. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

What was the name of the battle that the Continental Army won in 1776?

Full Article. Battles of Trenton and Princeton, (1776–77), in the American Revolution, a series of engagements won by the Continental Army against Hessian and British forces in New Jersey. The battles occurred over a span of nine days (December 26, 1776–January 3, 1777) and are notable as the first successes won by the Revolutionary general George ...

Where did Washington move his troops to in 1776?

Elated by his success and eager to capitalize on his victory, Washington promptly dispatched an advance party under Greene to occupy Trenton. On December 30, 1776, Washington once again crossed the Delaware with the main body of his army and established his headquarters in the southern part of the city, near the Assunpink bridge. Cornwallis was at Princeton, New Jersey, some 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Trenton, and upon hearing of Washington’s move he set out to confront the Continentals. Cornwallis approached Trenton with about 7,000 troops on January 2, 1777, but his advance was slowed by American skirmishers. The British spent most of the day on a march that should have taken three hours. Washington shifted his headquarters to a position south of the Assunpink, and, by the time Cornwallis finally arrived in Trenton, the Continentals had established a strong defensive line on the southern bank of the creek. Cornwallis was almost out of daylight, and he hastily launched a series of attacks on Washington’s lines. The Assunpink bridge became a killing ground for Washington’s sharpshooters and artillery, and, although the Continentals were bloodied, their lines remained unbroken at nightfall. Continental losses were light, but it was estimated that as many as 150 British and Hessian soldiers were killed in the Second Battle of Trenton, making this engagement by far the deadlier of the two battles on that site.

How many troops did Howe have on the Long Island shore?

On August 22 Howe crossed the narrows to the Long Island shore with 15,000 troops, increasing the number to 20,000 on August 25, and on August 27 surprised the Americans, shattering their defenses and inflicting a loss of about 1,400 men.

What was the opening year of the American Revolution?

The opening year of the American Revolution, which included the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, an ill-fated invasion of Canada, and the prosecution of the Siege of Boston, was partly favourable to the nascent Continental Army, but those events largely served as a prelude to the real struggle to come.

Why was the position of the British in the East River so precarious?

The position was especially precarious because the British maintained near-absolute control of the waters about Manhattan. J.C. Armytage: Retreat at Long Island. Retreat at Long Island, depicting George Washington directing the retreat across the East River; engraving by J.C. Armytage after a painting by M.A. Wageman.

What was the New York-New Jersey campaign?

New York–New Jersey campaign of 1776–77. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Under this plan the new British campaign opened in June 1776. Howe, heavily reinforced from home, sailed on June 10 from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to New York and on July 5 encamped on Staten Island.

What was the significance of the Battle of Trenton?

The Battle of Trenton is observed as one of the most influential battles during the American Revolutionary War. When word reached the public about the American victory, and also the number of fatalities suffered by each side, the news served to boost morale and spur a wave of enlistment in the Continental Army. Prior to the battle, it was feared that the series of crushing defeats by the British threatened to stifle the rebellion. The outcome at Trenton and the victory at Princeton to follow by Washington just a week later turned the tide of the war on the personal relations front. The famous 1851 painting of Washington Crossing the Delaware and the Trenton Battle Monument constructed at the end of the 19th Century serve as visual embodiments of this pivotal moment in the annals of the Revolutionary War.

What was the most important battle of the American Revolutionary War?

Among the most key battles of the American Revolutionary War was the Battle of Trenton, which occurred on December 26th, 1776. After suffering morale-crushing losses in the battles for control of New York City earlier in the year, the Continental Army, fighting on behalf of American independence, was dwindling in numbers, and it was feared that the rebellion would collapse. Their Commander-In-Chief, General George Washington, believed that a bold move was necessary to restore faith in the cause among the American public. His strategy to turn it around involved engaging the enemy in a surprise attack on the British-held garrison at Trenton, New Jersey.

image

Overview

The Battle of Trenton was a small but pivotal American Revolutionary War battle that took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey. After General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River north of Trenton the previous night, Washington led the main body of the Continental Army against Hessian auxiliaries garrisoned at Trenton. After a brief battle, alm…

Background

In early December 1776, American morale was very low. The Americans had been ousted from New York by the British and their Hessian auxiliaries, and the Continental Army was forced to retreat across New Jersey. Ninety percent of the Continental Army soldiers who had served at Long Island were gone. Men had deserted, feeling that the cause for independence was lost. Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, expressed some doubts, writing to hi…

Prelude

George Washington had stationed a spy named John Honeyman, posing as a Tory, in Trenton. Honeyman had served with Major General James Wolfe in Quebec at the Battle of the Plains of Abraham on September 13, 1759, and had no trouble establishing his credentials as a Tory. Honeyman was a butcher and bartender, who traded with the British and Hessians. This enabled him to gath…

Battle

At 8 am, the outpost was set up by the Hessians at a cooper shop on Pennington Road about one mile northwest of Trenton. Washington led the assault, riding in front of his soldiers. As the Hessian commander of the outpost, Lieutenant Andreas Wiederholdt, left the shop, an American fired at him but missed. Wiederholdt immediately shouted, "Der Feind!" (The Enemy!) and o…

Aftermath

After the Hessians' surrender, Washington is reported to have shaken the hand of a young officer and said, "This is a glorious day for our country." On December 28, General Washington interviewed Lieutenant (later Colonel) Andreas Wiederhold, who detailed the failures of Rall's preparation. Washington soon learned however that Cadwalader and Ewing had been unable to complete their crossing, leaving his worn-out army of 2,400 men isolated. Without their 2,600 m…

Legacy

This small but decisive battle, as with the later Battle of Cowpens, had an effect disproportionate to its size. The Patriot victory gave the Continental Congress new confidence, as it proved colonial forces could defeat regulars. It also increased re-enlistments in the Continental Army forces. By defeating a European army, the colonials reduced the fear which the Hessians had cause…

See also

• American Revolutionary War British New York counter-offensive. The 'Battle of Trenton' placed in overall sequence and strategic context.
• List of American Revolutionary War battles
• New Jersey in the American Revolution

Footnotes

1. ^ Wood p. 72
2. ^ Fischer, 2006, pp. 391–393
3. ^ Fischer, 2006, p. 396
4. ^ Fischer, 2006, p. 406
5. ^ Fischer, 2006,, p. 254. Casualty numbers vary slightly with the Hessian forces, usually between 21–23 killed, 80–95 wounded and 890–920 captured (including the wounded), but it is g…

1. ^ Wood p. 72
2. ^ Fischer, 2006, pp. 391–393
3. ^ Fischer, 2006, p. 396
4. ^ Fischer, 2006, p. 406
5. ^ Fischer, 2006,, p. 254. Casualty numbers vary slightly with the Hessian forces, usually between 21–23 killed, 80–95 wounded and 890–920 captured (including the wounded), but it is generally agreed that the casualties were in this area.

1.Trenton Battle Facts and Summary | American Battlefield …

Url:https://www.battlefields.org/learn/revolutionary-war/battles/trenton

33 hours ago After crossing the Delaware River in a treacherous storm, General George Washington’s army defeated a garrison of Hessian mercenaries at Trenton. The victory set the stage for another success at Princeton a week later and boosted the morale of the American troops. How it ended. American victory.

2.Battle of Trenton - Wikipedia

Url:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Trenton

18 hours ago  · The phrase 'victory or death' was the American password at the Battle of Trenton. The battle occurred on December 26, 1776, and resulted in a victory for the United States.

3.Battles of Trenton and Princeton - HISTORY

Url:https://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battles-of-trenton-and-princeton

34 hours ago  · Importance of the Battles of Trenton and Princeton. General George Washington’s army crossed the icy Delaware on Christmas Day 1776 and, over the course of the next 10 days, won two crucial ...

4.Battles of Trenton and Princeton | Facts, History,

Url:https://www.britannica.com/event/Battles-of-Trenton-and-Princeton

16 hours ago Battles of Trenton and Princeton, (1776–77), in the American Revolution, a series of engagements won by the Continental Army against Hessian and British forces in New Jersey. The battles occurred over a span of nine days (December 26, 1776–January 3, 1777) and are notable as the first successes won by the Revolutionary general George Washington in the open field.

5.The Battle of Trenton: The American Revolutionary War

Url:https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-battle-of-trenton-the-american-revolutionary-war.html

29 hours ago  · George Washington's famous crossing of the Delaware River was the first of a series of surprise attacks which brought the Continental Army to victory at Trenton. 5. Background. Among the most key battles of the American Revolutionary War was the Battle of Trenton, which occurred on December 26th, 1776. After suffering morale-crushing losses in ...

6.Battle of Trenton, December 26, 1776 at Trenton, New …

Url:https://revolutionarywar.us/year-1776/battle-of-trenton/

7 hours ago The Revolutionary War Battle of Trenton took place on the morning of December 26, 1776, in Trenton, New Jersey. After a brief battle, Washington defeated a formidable garrison of Hessian mercenaries. Most of the Hessian force was captured, with little loss to the Americans.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9