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in what part of the world is iraq located and what countries surround it

by Verda Goodwin MD Published 3 months ago Updated 1 week ago
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Iraq is a sovereign Western Asian country. It is located in Northern and Eastern hemispheres of the Earth. It is bordered by six nations: Iran to the East; Kuwait to the southeast; Turkey to the north; Syria to the west; Jordan to the southwest and Saudi Arabia to the south.

Land. Iraq is one of the easternmost countries of the Arab world, located at about the same latitude as the southern United States. It is bordered to the north by Turkey, to the east by Iran, to the west by Syria and Jordan, and to the south by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait.Aug 29, 2022

Full Answer

What part of the world is Iraq located?

AsiaIraq / ContinentAsia is a landmass, which is either considered a continent in its own right or a subcontinent of Eurasia. It shares the continental landmass with Afro-Eurasia with Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres, about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. Wikipedia

Where is Iraq located near?

Iraq is located in the Middle East. It is bound by Iran to the east, Turkey to the north, Syria to the northwest, Jordan to the west, Saudi Arabia to the southwest and south as well as Kuwait and the Persian Gulf to the southeast....

Is Iraq considered Europe or Asia?

Iraq is a state in the west of the Asian continent. Iraq is bordered by Iran to the east, to the north by Turkey, Saudi Arabia is to its south, Jordan and Kuwait to its southeast, and Syria to its west.

Is Iraq in Africa or Asia?

Iraq, country of southwestern Asia.

What was the old name of Iraq?

23, 1921, the British installed Feisal as king of Mesopotamia, changing the official name of the country at that time to Iraq, an Arabic word which, Fromkin says, means “well-rooted country.”

Are Iraqis Arabs?

Mesopotamian Arabs are the largest ethnic group in Iraq, while Kurds are the largest ethnic minority, Turkmens are the third largest ethnic group, while other ethnic groups include Assyrians, Yazidis, Mandaeans, Armenians, and Marsh Arabs....Iraqis.Total populationIraq41,000,000Iran500,000Israel450,000Germany321,00021 more rows

What was Iraq called in biblical times?

MesopotamiaIn Biblical history, Iraq is also known as Shinar, Sumer, Sumeria, Assyria, Elam, Babylonia, Chaldea, and was also part of the Medo-Persian Empire. Formerly also known as “Mesopotamia,” or “land between two rivers,” the modern name of “Iraq” is sometimes translated “country with deep roots.”

Is it safe to travel to Iraq?

Do not travel to Iraq due to terrorism, kidnapping, armed conflict, civil unrest, and Mission Iraq's limited capacity to provide support to U.S. citizens. Country Summary: U.S. citizens in Iraq are at high risk for violence and kidnapping.

Is Afghanistan near Iraq?

Distance from Afghanistan to Iraq is 2,227 kilometers. This air travel distance is equal to 1,384 miles. The air travel (bird fly) shortest distance between Afghanistan and Iraq is 2,227 km= 1,384 miles.

What is Iraq famous for?

Iraq is known primarily for its rich maqam heritage which has been passed down orally by the masters of the maqam in an unbroken chain of transmission, leading up to the present. The maqam al-Iraqi is considered to be the most noble and perfect form of maqam.

Is Iraq located in the Middle East?

Middle East Countries : Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jordan, Saudi-Arabia | Library of Congress.

What is a person from Iraq called?

Iraqis (Arabic: العراقيون, Kurdish: گه‌لی عیراق, gelê Iraqê) are people who originate from the country of Iraq. Iraq is largely situated in Mesopotamia, which is also the birthplace of the Sumerian, Akkadian, Assyrian and Babylonian civilizations and empires.

What are the four regions of Iraq?

Iraq’s topography can be divided into four physiographic regions: the alluvial plains of the central and southeastern parts of the country; Al-Jazīrah (Arabic: “the Island”), an upland region in the north between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; deserts in the west and south; and the highlands in the northeast.

What is the desert in Iraq?

The western desert, an extension of the Syrian Desert, rises to elevations above 1,600 feet (490 metres). The southern desert is known as Al-Ḥajarah in the western part and as Al-Dibdibah in the east. Al-Ḥajarah has a complex topography of rocky desert, wadis, ridges, and depressions. Al-Dibdibah is a more sandy region with a covering of scrub vegetation. Elevation in the southern desert averages between 300 and 1,200 feet (100 to 400 metres). A height of 3,119 feet (951 metres) is reached at Mount ʿUnayzah (ʿUnāzah) at the intersection of the borders of Jordan, Iraq, and Saudi Arabia. The deep Wadi Al-Bāṭin runs 45 miles (75 km) in a northeast-southwest direction through Al-Dibdibah. It has been recognized since 1913 as the boundary between western Kuwait and Iraq.

Where are the plains of Mesopotamia?

The plains of lower Mesopotamia extend southward some 375 miles (600 km) from Balad on the Tigris and Al-Ramādī on the Euphrates to the Persian Gulf. They cover more than 51,000 square miles (132,000 square km), almost one-third of the country’s area, and are characterized by low elevation, below 300 feet (100 metres), and poor natural drainage. Large areas are subject to widespread seasonal flooding, and there are extensive marshlands, some of which dry up in the summer to become salty wastelands. Near Al-Qurnah, where the Tigris and Euphrates converge to form the Shaṭṭ al-ʿArab, there are still some inhabited marshes. The alluvial plains contain extensive lakes. The swampy Lake Al-Ḥammār ( Hawr al-Ḥammār) extends 70 miles (110 km) from Basra (Al-Baṣrah) to Sūq al-Shuyūkh; its width varies from 8 to 15 miles (13 to 25 km).

What is the highest mountain in the world?

North of the alluvial plains, between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers, is the arid Al-Jazīrah plateau. Its most prominent hill range is the Sinjār Mountains, whose highest peak reaches an elevation of 4,448 feet (1,356 metres).

What is the name of the region that was known as the land between the rivers?

During ancient times, lands that now constitute Iraq were known as Mesopotamia (“Land Between the Rivers”), a region whose extensive alluvial plains gave rise to some of the world’s earliest civilizations, including those of Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, and Assyria. This wealthy region, comprising much of what is called the Fertile Crescent, ...

Where is the Euphrates River located?

The Euphrates River at Khān al-Baghdādī, on the edge of Al-Jazīrah plateau in north-central Iraq.

Which country has the least access to the sea?

Iraq has 36 miles (58 km) of coastline along the northern end of the Persian Gulf, giving it a tiny sliver of territorial sea. Followed by Jordan, it is thus the Middle Eastern state with the least access to the sea and offshore sovereignty. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content.

Where Is Iraq?

Iraq is located in the western region of Asia and is part of the area commonly referred to as the Middle East. Here, it covers a total area of 168,754 square miles that is comprised of the upper and lower Mesopotamian plains, the Arabian and Syrian Deserts, and the Highlands region. Only 370 square miles of its territory is covered in water. This country has a population size of over 37.2 million, the majority of whom identify as followers of Islam.

What countries border Iraq?

Today, this country shares international borders with 6 countries: Jordan, Kuwait, Turkey, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.

How far is the border between Saudi Arabia and Iraq?

The shared border between Iraq and Saudi Arabia measures at a distance of 504 miles and makes up most of the southernmost border of Iraq. This border begins at the southern tip of the border with Jordan and from here, continues in a general southeastern direction before meeting the tripoint shared with Kuwait and Iraq.

How long is the border between Turkey and Iraq?

The shared border between Iraq and Turkey runs for a length of 228 miles and is situated along the northernmost region of Iraq. This border begins at a tripoint shared with Syria and Iraq. From here, it moves in an eastern direction before reaching the border of Iran. This border is home to the Ibrahim Khalil border crossing, ...

How deep is the Kuwait border barrier?

On the Kuwait side of this barrier, authorities have dug a ditch the reaches 15 feet in depth. On the other side of this ditch is an additional dirt wall that reaches 10 feet in height. Additionally, this border barrier is heavily guarded by military personnel.

How many border crossings does Iran have?

Iraq and Iran share 9 official border crossings, 4 of which are within the autonomous Kurdistan Region. Although the governments of these two countries have reached consensus on the location of this shared border, some disputes are ongoing.

What is the border between Jordan and Iraq?

The shared border between Iraq and Jordan stretches over a distance of 111 miles, making it the shortest international border in Iraq. It is located to the western edge of this country, just where a smaller area extends to the west from the rest of the territory of Iraq. At its northernmost point, this border begins at Syria ...

What is the main river in Iraq?

As it clear from the map of Iraq that the country's large part is covered by desert, but by presence of two important rivers i.e. Euphrates and Tigris the respective areas of the country has fertile land where agriculture has been practiced. The north part of the country is largely possesses mountainous region.

What type of government is there in Iraq?

Very recently, the government system in Iraq changed and hence, currently the government type in Iraq is an Islamic, democratic, federal parliamentary republic. The federal government is consisting of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, as well as numerous independent commissions. As it clear from the map ...

What is the climate of Iraq?

The north part of the country is largely possesses mountainous region. The climate of Iraq is of desert type; though the winter is cool and summer is dry and hot. And the northern mountains region also receives snowfall and cold winds during winter.

Is Iraq a country?

As shown on the map, Iraq is a western Asian country and part of the Middle East country as well. Iraq shares its international boundary with Jordan in the west, Syria in the northwest, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia in the south, Iran in the east, and Turkey in the north. In addition, it has also small part of coastline measuring about 58 kms along ...

Where is Iraq on the map?

Where is Iraq located on the map? Iraq is an independent nation located in Western Asia. Check out the following images to see location of Iraq on maps.

Where do Iraqis live?

These are mainly in the west of the country. Not that many people live here. Most Iraqis live in the fertile alluvial land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers.

What rivers flow through Iraq?

Two rivers flow through Iraq: the Euphrates and the Tigris. The Euphrates has its source in Turkey and flows through Syria. The Tigris also has its source in Turkey. Both rivers connect in the south of Iraq at al-Qurna and there form the so-called Shatt al-Arab, a huge estuary delta. The area has always been very fertile. The Shatt al-Arab flows into the Persian Gulf after 193 kilometers. Translated, Shatt al-Arab means “coast of the Arabs”.

What is the highest mountain in Iraq?

In the northeast of Iraq there is a high mountain range with mountains that reach heights of up to 3000 meters. The highest mountain in Iraq is the Cheekha Dar with a height of 3611 meters. It is located in the border area between Iraq and Iran.

Which country has its own government and parliament?

The Kurdistan Autonomous Region lies in the north of Iraq. This Kurdish region has its own government and parliament.

Is Iraq a part of Mesopotamia?

Iraq therefore has a small access to the sea and thus 58 kilometers of coast. A very large part of Mesopotamia, which was also called “Mesopotamia”, once lay in this region. You can learn a lot about Mesopotamia and the history of its early high cultures on the children’s time machine. “Mesopotamia” translated from Greek means “land between two rivers”.

Is Iraq hot in summer?

The north of Iraq lies in a subtropical, semi-arid climatic area. It gets very hot there in summer. Temperatures of up to 50 degrees have already been measured here. These are extraordinary values. It can get even hotter in southern Iraq. In Badgad, the capital, too, the thermometer likes to climb up again and again.

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The GPS Coordinates of Iraq: Latitude and Longitude

  • Iraq’s GPS coordinatesare comprised of two points: a latitude and a longitude. The latitudinal location of Iraq is 33.2232° N. This coordinate tells us that Iraq is located above the equator. As all locales positioned to the north of the equator, Iraq is part of the world’s northern hemisphere. These descriptors are two different ways to explain th...
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Most Extreme Points of Iraq

  • The northernmost point of Iraq has a latitude of 37°23' N. This GPS point is situated to the north of Sanat, Iraq. To the south of Iraq, the farthest point of the country is part of the border between Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Iraq reaches a point of extremity at the latitude of 29°04' N. The easternmost point of Iraq can be found in the country’s Al-Faw Peninsula. The GPS coordinate of this point is …
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Total Size and Population Density of Iraq

  • The total area of Iraqcomes to 169,235 square miles. Of this total area, there are approximately 168,868 square miles of land and 367 square miles of water. That said, Iraq is 99.78% land and 0.22% water. Iraq has a population of 39,964,977 people. Compared to the total number of people on the globe, the population of Iraq is only 0.52% of everyone on Earth, ranking Iraq as the thirty-…
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Where Is Iraq?

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Iraq is located in the western region of Asia and is part of the area commonly referred to as the Middle East. Here, it covers a total area of 168,754 square miles that is comprised of the upper and lower Mesopotamian plains, the Arabian and Syrian Deserts, and the Highlands region. Only 370 square miles of its territory is …
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Jordan

  • The shared border between Iraq and Jordan stretches over a distance of 111 miles, making it the shortest international border in Iraq. It is located to the western edge of this country, just where a smaller area extends to the west from the rest of the territory of Iraq. At its northernmost point, this border begins at Syria and runs south until it reaches Saudi Arabia. The only official border c…
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Kuwait

  • The shared border between Iraq and Kuwait measures at a distance of 158 miles, making it the second shortest international border in Iraq. This border lies along the southeastern region of Iraq, and prevents this country from having a larger area of access to the Persian Gulf. It begins at Saudi Arabia and turns northward, into the territory of Iraq, before turning in an eastern direction …
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Turkey

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Syria

  • The shared border between Iraq and Syria stretches across 372 miles and lies along the northwestern region of Iraq. This border begins at a tripoint shared with Jordan and Iraq. From here, it heads in a northeastern direction until it meets the tripoint with Turkey and Iraq. This border largely follows the boundary that was established under the Ottoman Empire, although it…
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Saudi Arabia

  • The shared border between Iraq and Saudi Arabia measures at a distance of 504 miles and makes up most of the southernmost border of Iraq. This border begins at the southern tip of the border with Jordan and from here, continues in a general southeastern direction before meeting the tripoint shared with Kuwait and Iraq. Because of increasing instances of violence caused by ISIL …
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Iran

  • The shared border between Iraq and Iran stretches across a distance of 994 miles, making it the longest international border in Iraq. It is located along the entire eastern edge of this country. This border begins at the end of the eastern tip of the border with Turkey and from here, moves in a southern direction until reaching the coast of the Persian Gulf. The history of this boundary date…
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