Knowledge Builders

is geothermal heating and cooling worth the cost

by Asa Reilly Published 11 months ago Updated 8 months ago

Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Worth the Cost? A geothermal system is definitely an investment, but, on average, the unit is going to pay off in less than a decade. All in all, homeowners that have decided to switch to geothermal heating and cooling can expect to save up to 60% on heating and up to 50% on cooling.

A geothermal heat pump will immediately save you 30 to 60 percent on your heating and 20 to 50 percent on your cooling costs over conventional heating and cooling systems.Jul 9, 2021

Full Answer

What are the pros and cons of geothermal heating?

List of the Pros of Geothermal Heating and Cooling

  1. Operating costs are low for geothermal heating and cooling. The low energy requirements for a geothermal system are one of the most attractive reasons to invest in this option.
  2. You don’t need to worry about an outdoor unit with this option. ...
  3. Hot water tanks can connect to geothermal systems too. ...

More items...

How much does a geothermal heating and cooling system cost?

The federal tax credit rebate amount will be reduced to 22% in 2023. On a wider pricing range: Most homeowners can expect to pay between $20,000 and $36,000 for a complete mid-range geothermal heating and cooling system fully installed, before the 26% federal tax credits. This wider range captures 80% of all residential Geo installations.

Do geothermal heating systems help save energy in the winter?

This state of the art system uses the steady flow of heat from the earth to help heat your home in the winter and displaces heat back into the earth during the summer. This is a great way to conserve energy and save money year round. Geothermal systems are even more affordable with both federal and state tax credit rebates that can get you up ...

Do geothermal heat pumps increase home value?

Geothermal systems can raise a home’s value because buyers like to purchase properties that will save them money and help protect the environment. However, measuring the exact impact of a geothermal installation (or any home upgrade for that matter) can be a challenge.


What are 3 disadvantages geothermal energy?

What are the Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy?Environmental Concerns about Greenhouse Emissions. ... Possibility of Depletion of Geothermal Sources. ... High Investment Costs for Geothermal System. ... Land Requirements for Geothermal System to Be Installed.

Is geothermal heating and cooling cost effective?

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, “geothermal heat pumps are the most energy-efficient, environmentally clean, and cost-effective systems for heating and cooling.” They're predictably low-maintenance, don't burn expensive fossil fuels, and can reduce energy bills by 65% or even more.

What are 5 disadvantages of geothermal energy?

What are the Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy?Location Restricted. The largest single disadvantage of geothermal energy is that it is location specific. ... Environmental Side Effects. ... Earthquakes. ... High Costs. ... Sustainability.

How many years would it take for the geothermal system to pay for itself?

A geothermal system is a very worthwhile long-term investment for homeowners who currently heat their homes on fuel oil or propane because the system typically pays for itself in 3-10 years.

What is the life expectancy of a geothermal system?

25 to 50 yearsGeothermal heat pump systems have an average 20+ year life expectancy for the heat pump itself and 25 to 50 years for the underground infrastruc- ture. Additionally, they move between three and five times the energy they consume between a building's interior space and the ground.

Does geothermal increase electric bill?

Your electric usage will increase with geothermal, but that additional cost won't be divided equally throughout the year. Your electric bill will likely be lower in the summer than you paid previously. You'll be spending less money overall than when heating with oil or propane – even with an increased electric bill.

How warm does geothermal heating get?

Geothermal heat pumps, meanwhile, take heat from the Earth's constant ground temperature (45° to 75℉ depending on your location) to heat your home. High-efficiency geothermal systems tend to operate between 100 to 120℉. Your traditional HVAC system is designed to operate at 180 to 200℉.

What is better solar or geothermal?

With geothermal, the energy you generate will not replace the electricity you use, but it can lower your heating and cooling bills over the long term. Solar energy on the other hand can add to or even eliminate your electricity usage and save you tons on your power bill.

Why is geothermal energy not more widely used?

Geothermal energy isn't more used today mostly because of three reasons. First, the high costs it has compared to other energy sources. Second, the limited locations it can be installed in. And third, because of the risk of earthquakes its installation brings.

Is there a geothermal tax credit for 2022?

The federal tax credit initially allowed homeowners to claim 30 percent of the amount they spent on purchasing and installing a geothermal heat pump system from their federal income taxes. The tax credit currently stands at 26 percent throughout 2021 and 2022 before decreasing to 22 percent in 2023.

How much land do you need for geothermal?

A useful benchmark: about 400 to 600 feet of horizontal loops are needed for each ton of energy required to heat or cool. A mid-sized house usually requires a 3 ton unit, and so it would need space for approximately 1200 t0 1800 feet of coils.

What is the payback on geothermal heating?

According to the International Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA), GSHPs can offer between 25 and 50 percent savings on heating and cooling costs compared to conventional fossil fuel systems. They have a payback period of between 5-10 years according to the Department of Energy.

Is geothermal energy expensive to maintain?

Operating and maintenance costs range from $0.01 to $0.03 per kWh. Most geothermal power plants can run at greater than 90% availability (i.e., producing more than 90% of the time), but running at 97% or 98% can increase maintenance costs.

Is geothermal worth it 2021?

What are the pros and cons of geothermal heating? The pros would be that they are extremely efficient and will work around 400% better than a traditional furnace. This is also renewable energy so it is good for you, good for the environment, and good for your energy bill. Your energy bill will reduce significantly.

Is geothermal cheaper than natural gas?

Geothermal heat pumps are more costly than natural gas systems, coming in at $20,000 to $25,000 compared to the cost of a natural gas furnace, which is between $2,600 to $6,400. For homeowners who cannot pay the upfront costs, natural gas may be a much more affordable option than geothermal heat.

Is there a geothermal tax credit for 2022?

The federal tax credit initially allowed homeowners to claim 30 percent of the amount they spent on purchasing and installing a geothermal heat pump system from their federal income taxes. The tax credit currently stands at 26 percent throughout 2021 and 2022 before decreasing to 22 percent in 2023.

What Is a Geothermal Heating System?

A geothermal heating system relies on naturally stored heat and thermal energy in the rock beneath the earth’s crust. As a result, you can find geothermal pockets in shallower areas or several miles underground.

What Are the Benefits of Geothermal Heating and Cooling?

If you’re excited by the prospect of geothermal heating, you’re not alone. The public interest in geothermal energy and ground temperature heating systems continues to grow, with the market already valued in the billions. This rapid and expansive growth is mainly due to the potential benefits of a geothermal heating and cooling system.

How Much Does Geothermal Heating Cost?

When a homeowner asks, “what is geothermal heating and cooling,” they’re often really asking, “how much does it cost?” Geothermal heating does have a higher upfront cost, though the continued savings and environmental friendliness work to offset the expenses.

Where Do You Find Geothermal Heating Contractors?

Since a geothermal system is a significant home investment, you want to ensure that you’re working with highly-trained professionals who have years of experience. That’s where Professional Services can help you succeed.

How much does a geothermal heat pump cost?

Many quote US Department of Energy information that says, “An average geothermal heat pump system costs about $2,500 per ton of capacity.

Who Should Consider a Geothermal System?

Here are factors to consider when deciding if a ground source heat pump system is right for your situation.

What is a geothermal heat pump called?

Did you Know? Geothermal heat pumps are called ground source heat pumps or GSHPs.

How much does a heat pump cost?

High-end ground-source heat pump systems for larger homes can cost as much as $30,000 to $45,000.

Where does heat come from in summer?

The opposite occurs in summer. Heat is collected from the air in your home, transferred to the water in the pipes, which are then cooled by stable ground temperatures.

Is geo heating more competitive than a decade ago?

Today, Geo system pricing is more competitive than it was a decade ago because there are many more manufacturers selling ground-source heating and cooling systems and there are more experienced installers competing for projects.

Is there a problem with wells?

The wells often are deep enough to hit water, which is not a problem. Water or antifreeze is circulated through the pipes for heating and cooling, as it is in horizontal loop systems. Loop systems submerged in a pond or other body of water are installed too, at comparable costs.

How Geothermal HVAC Systems Work

Geothermal HVAC systems provide space heating and cooling to a home by moving heat between the ground or water and the home’s air. The system uses three key components: the ground loop, geothermal heat pump, and distribution system.

Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Worth It in Terms of Efficiency?

Geothermal HVAC systems can be 400 to 500 percent energy efficient. Is geothermal heating and cooling worth it based on that? Most people would say yes, considering the most efficient furnaces and boilers are only up to 97% efficient.

More Geothermal HVAC Perks

Superior energy efficiency isn’t the only bonus you get when you install a geothermal cooling and heating system. Here are more of the great perks they offer:

Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Worth It? We Think So!

Is geothermal heating and cooling worth it to install in Maryland homes? We think the energy savings and other benefits speak for themselves! Contact us today to request a geothermal HVAC system installation estimate and learn more about these highly efficient solutions.

How Much Does It Cost to Install Geothermal?

The cost is going to depend on a few factors, but, on average, you should expect to pay anywhere between $12.000 and $30.000 for a new geothermal system.

How Long Does Geothermal Last?

The piping in the geothermal loop should last you up to 50 years. In contrast, you would have to change your furnace every 15-20 years and the air conditioner – every 10-15 years.

What Can Go Wrong with Geothermal?

Even though geothermal systems are low-maintenance when compared to other heating and cooling units and have a longer lifespan, there are still a few things that you should be aware of.

Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Reliable?

Other types of renewable energy, like wind and solar, highly depend on weather conditions and climates. Geothermal is, perhaps, the most reliable type of energy out of them all as the temperature of the ground stays pretty much the same year-round.

How much does geothermal cost?

They still cost about 30 to 40 percent more upfront than a traditional furnace and air conditioner; between $20,000 and $25,000, on average.

How Much Does a Geothermal Heating Unit Cost?

Geothermal heating units can range anywhere from $20,000 to $25,000. Though this may seem high, there is some good news. According to ENERGY STAR, you can receive a 26% tax credit for geothermal heat pumps installed in 2021 through the end of 2022. After 2022, the rebate decreases to 22% until January 1, 2024.

How does a geothermal heat pump work?

Geothermal heat pumps work by capturing the heat deep within the earth with pipes installed somewhere between 200 to 500 feet below your home. This in-ground source heat pump system is a ground loop that relies on a steady 55°F temperature to provide heating and cooling to the home via a geothermal unit inside your house.

What is the tax credit for geothermal heating?

Installing a geothermal heating system means you are eligible for a federal tax credit of 26%, bringing your initial cost closer to the price of a traditional unit. Not to mention, you have a long-term payback for cheaper utility bills.

How much energy is saved by geothermal heat pumps?

In addition, your geothermal system can be as much as 300% to 600% more efficient.

Can you install geothermal energy in a rural area?

At the same time, if you live in a rural location, there might not even be an option for installing geothermal heating because of lack of availability or demand. You might wish to do a quick Google search for a local geothermal heating installer near you to see if geothermal energy is an option.

Can you use geothermal heat in Michigan?

This might be feasible for California, which has access to these hot spots, but not so much for Michigan. Keep in mind, however, that homes do not require connections to geothermal power plants for geothermal heating and cooling alone. In this case, geothermal heat pumps will suffice.

How does geothermal heat work?

Basically, a geothermal heating system is made up of fluid-filled tube loops to exchange heat with the soil, and a heat pump that removes heat from that fluid, concentrates it, and then transfers it to the building using ductwork. That part looks pretty familiar to any other forced-air heating system you’ve probably seen. 5

When did geothermal energy start?

Geothermal systems have been in place since the 1940’s, initially providing water heating. But with the technology’s evolution, these systems have been used for different purposes, such as electricity generation and heating and cooling systems, also called Ground Source Heat Pumps (GSHP), which take advantage of the ground’s stable temperature to provide heating and cooling. 3 4

What is closed loop geothermal?

Closed-loop systems on the other hand are the most common type of geothermal systems for heating and cooling, and while not always as efficient as open loop systems, they make up for some of the downsides. They can be subcategorized into 4 types according to the orientation of the heat exchanger loops in the ground. 4 5.

What is the heart of a geothermal heat pump?

The heart of a geothermal Heat Pump is made up of a heat exchanger, a compressor, and control systems to regulate the process. The fluid that’s used can range from ground water to a water mixed with anti-freeze, or another suitable refrigerant, that circulates through the ground loops. But to understand that heating and cooling process, ...

How does a heat pump work?

Then the heat pump compresses the liquid, increasing the liquid’s temperature, which warms the air. Then the warmed air is circulated around the house and exchanged with the cooler air. The cooled liquid from this process is pumped back to the ground to continue this cycle, forming a closed loop. 4 6 In the summer, this process is reversed. The lower temperature refrigerant absorbs heat from the house, which now has a higher temperature than underground, so it’s the same exact principle as before, but in reverse. The heated liquid transfers heat from the house into the ground and returns back up into the house cooled off. 7

How does water go through a heat pump?

The water passes through heat exchangers within the heat pump and then then back to the ground, but at a distance from the intake point. This type of system takes a lot of care because you have to make sure the intake water doesn’t damage or clog up the pump or heat exchanger.

Does refrigerant absorb heat?

The lower temperature refrigerant absorbs heat from the house, which now has a higher temperature than underground, so it’s the same exact principle as before, but in reverse. The heated liquid transfers heat from the house into the ground and returns back up into the house cooled off. 7.

What is Geothermal Heating and Cooling?

Tapping into the power of the earth itself, geothermal heating and cooling is a new, innovative method to keeping your house at a consistent, comfortable temperature with unmatched efficiency.

Geothermal Requirements

Due to its radically different nature in comparison to traditional HVAC systems, geothermal has a few notable requirements that the aforementioned traditional systems do not. You should ensure your home and lot is compatible with a geothermal system before taking it into deeper consideration.

Benefits of Geothermal

With the requirements in mind, here’s what you’re really here to see: the benefits of your new geothermal system. We’ll take you through some of the biggest benefits to your new system, and let you see for yourself how good of an investment geothermal can be.

How much is geothermal energy cheaper than conventional energy?

Benefits of geothermal energy systems. Save on utility costs – Geothermal heating is 25% to 65% cheaper in electricity than conventional systems and air-source heat pumps. Return on investment – According to the Department of Energy, geothermal energy savings pay for themselves in 5 to 10 years.

How much does a geothermal heat pump cost?

A water-to-air geothermal heat pump costs $3,600 to $8,000, while a water-to-water heat pump costs $2,400 to $8,000, for the units only. The best type depends on the existing HVAC system. Installation costs vary widely according to the home design.

What is geothermal heating, and how does it work?

Geothermal heating is an energy-efficient HVAC system that brings the earth’s natural underground heat indoors in winter or provides cooling by moving heat outdoors in summer. A geothermal system draws heat from below the frost line where temperatures remain 45° F to 75° F.

How long does a geothermal system last?

Geothermal heating systems last 20 to 25 years for the indoor heat pump and 40 to 60 years for the ground loops on average. The geothermal system life expectancy is longer than all other conventional HVAC systems that only last 10 to 15 years.

How can geothermal energy be used to reduce energy bills?

Geothermal systems use electricity to power the heat pump only .

How much does it cost to install a geothermal heat pump?

A geothermal heat pump costs $15,000 to $35,000 to install on average, depending on the system size and loop type. A geothermal heating system costs $4,000 to $8,000 per ton to install on average. Geothermal heating and cooling costs 25% to 65% less to run than conventional heat pumps.

Why do geothermal systems not run all the time?

Highly optimized geothermal systems don’t run all the time because larger loop fields supply extra heating or cooling in extreme climates.


1.Is Geothermal heating worth it for Homes? What goes …


35 hours ago  · Based on the geothermal system, the size of your home, and your location, costs can climb to around $30,000 or more. For some homeowners, it’s helpful to look at systems …

2.What Is Geothermal Heating & Cooling? Is It Worth the …


36 hours ago Reduce heating and cooling costs 20 to 70 percent, depending on the type of cooling and heating equipment you replace with geothermal. Gain better indoor humidity control compared …

3.Videos of Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Worth The Cost


19 hours ago  · January 27, 2022. Investing in a geothermal system might become one of the best decisions you’ve made in life. Geothermal heating and cooling is cost-effective and …

4.Geothermal Heating and Cooling Cost 2022: Pros & Cons, …


22 hours ago  · Yes, geothermal heating and cooling can be well worth it. Some benefits of this method of comfort include: Reducing carbon footprint; Reducing energy consumption; The …

5.Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Worth It? - GroveHVAC


31 hours ago  · Geothermal units haven’t come down in price much over the past few years. They still cost between $20,000 and $25,000, on average, which is about 30% to 40% more upfront …

6.Geothermal Heating and Cooling - Pros and Cons - HVAC …


15 hours ago  · The most popular and cost-effective style of geothermal heating and cooling involves long pipes being stretched horizontally across your yard. These “loops” of pipe, as …

7.Geothermal Heating and Cooling: Is It Worth the …


28 hours ago

8.Are Geothermal Heating Units Worth the Investment? - Angi


11 hours ago

9.Is Geothermal Heating and Cooling Worth the Cost? Heat …


25 hours ago

10.Geothermal Heating and Cooling — What to Know


4 hours ago

11.2022 Geothermal Heat Pump Cost & Heating System


31 hours ago

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9