Knowledge Builders

on what grounds can a landlord evict you

by Mrs. Hilda Ankunding Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago

Common grounds for eviction are:

  • rent arrears
  • nuisance or antisocial behaviour

In most states, landlords can evict a tenant for non-payment of rent, as well as for habitually late rent payments. Keep in mind, though, that the exact terms; such as how many days the rent can be late, will vary from state to state.Jul 24, 2017

Full Answer

Does a landlord need a reason to evict a tenant?

Whether tenants have signed leases or not, landlords must cite legal reasons for evicting them before their determined lease period ends. Among some of the more common legal reasons for evicting people from rental units are: Property damages Illicit drug use Failure to pay rent Unauthorized pets Failure to make utility payments

What are the reasons a landlord can evict a tenant?

  • Property requires extensive repairs
  • Rent arrears of 2 months or more
  • Repossession of the property by the mortgage lender
  • Regularly late rent payments
  • Breach of tenancy contract
  • Anti-social behaviour
  • Damage to the property
  • Providing false information on the rental application
  • Employment by the landlord has ended which included the use of the property

How to get a court order to evict tenant?

The eviction process for landlords

  1. Give notice. You have to give your tenant a written Notice before you start an eviction court case. ...
  2. Start a court case. If your tenant doesn't do what you asked in the Notice by the deadline, you can file forms in court to start an eviction case.
  3. Ask for trial date or default judgment. ...
  4. Go to trial. ...
  5. After the judge decides. ...

Do I need an attorney to evict a tenant?

Strictly speaking, a lawyer is not required to evict a tenant but the possible consequences of a mistake made by a layperson landlord may outweigh the cost of counsel. If you would like to do additional research, click on the links below: Unsure About the Eviction Process? Talk to an Attorney


What are the eviction laws in New York State?

In New York State, an eviction of a tenant is lawful only if an owner has brought a court proceeding and obtained a judgment of possession from the court. A sheriff, marshal, or constable can carry out a court ordered eviction. An owner may not evict a tenant by use of force or unlawful means.

Can you evict a tenant in NY 2022?

The state has enacted a series of eviction moratorium measures found necessary to protect the public health, safety, and general welfare of the people of New York. These provisions extended the eviction moratoriums until January 15, 2022. These measures include: The Tenant Safe Harbor Act ("TSHA")

How long does the eviction process take in NY?

It takes about 14 to 90 days from the issuance of the Notice to Vacate, depending on the reason for eviction and the lease agreement.

How much notice does a landlord have to give to move out in NY?

In New York 5 Page 9 City, 30 days' notice is required, rather than one month. Landlords do not need to explain why the tenancy is being terminated, they only need to provide notice that it is, and that refusal to vacate will lead to eviction proceedings.

Can a landlord evict you without going to court in NY?

No. The landlord must go to court, must win the case, and then must pay a fee to have a law enforcement officer properly evict you. This is true even if you owe rent, your lease has ended, if you live in a rooming house, or have stayed in a hotel room for at least 30 days.

How much time does a landlord have to give a tenant to move out?

It normally ranges from 20 to 30 days. At times the lease agreement may provide for longer periods of more than 30 days. The Consumer Protection Act (CPA), which regulates residential lease agreements states that such a notice period can not be less than 20 working days.

How can I stop an eviction in NY?

To stop or stay an eviction you need to ask the court in writing by filling out an Order to Show Cause and bringing it to the courthouse as soon as possible.

Can I sue my landlord for emotional distress?

Yes, you can sue your landlord for stress, if this emotional distress occurred as a direct result of a housing disrepair. This is because as a tenant, your landlord has a legal duty of care towards you. This duty of care applies to private landlords, housing associations and local councils.

Do I have 30 days to move after an eviction?

Your landlord must give you a written Eviction Notice, sometimes called a "Notice To Quit." If you do not have a lease, the Notice will tell you that you have either 7 days or 30 days to move out. If you have a lease then the lease will usually say what kind of notice the landlord has to give you.

What notice does landlord have to give?

They have to give you at least 28 days notice, but this could be longer depending on your agreement. If you don't leave by the time your notice ends, your landlord has to go to court to get a court order to make you leave.

Can a landlord evict you without a court order?

The Constitution provides that no person's property may be taken away from him/her and that no person may be evicted from his/her home without a court order. This means that an owner or a person in charge of a property (“landlord”), must apply to court before evicting a person (“tenant”) from his/her property.

Is a 3 day eviction notice legal in NY?

3-Day Notice The first kind of New York Eviction Notice is called a “Demand for Rent.” A 3-Day Demand for Rent is required under the New York eviction process in cases of nonpayment of rent.

Can landlords evict tenants now in NY?

In New York State, an eviction of a tenant is lawful only if an owner has brought a court proceeding and obtained a judgment of possession from the court. o A sheriff, marshal, or constable can carry out a court ordered eviction. An owner may not evict a tenant by use of force or unlawful means.

Can you evict in NY now?

A Note on the NYS Eviction Moratorium: The New York State law that prevents evictions for tenants who submit a Hardship Declaration is set to expire on January 15, 2021. However, many NYC tenants are eligible for other eviction protections and resources.

Is New York doing evictions?

Eviction cases pending as of December 28 in New York City Housing Court are suspended until at least February 26, 2021. Eviction cases commenced from December 29, 2020 through January 27, 2021 will also be suspended for at least 60 days.

When can a landlord evict a tenant in NY?

Eviction for Nonpayment of Rent The notice must state that the tenant has 14 days to pay rent or move out of the rental unit. If the tenant does not pay the rent or move out of the rental unit within the 14 days, the landlord can begin eviction proceedings against the tenant (see N.Y. Real Prop. Acts § 711(2)).

1. Tenant Violates the Lease or Rental Agreement

Your lease is a binding contract. You must honor it. And so must your tenants. All activities prohibited in the lease can serve as reasons for eviction. These can range from keeping an unapproved cat to using the residence as a nail salon. Obviously, not every offense will be cause for eviction. That secret cat might be such a case.

2. Tenant Does Not Pay Rent on Time

The exchange of money for living space is the bedrock of your lease and provides clear legal grounds to evict a tenant. But there is a difference between the occasional late payment, continued late payment, and failure to pay at all. The former can mean the tenant pays rent plus late fees within a provided period.

3. Tenant Damages the Propert y

Everyday wear-and-tear is expected during the term of any rental, but severe damage is certainly one of the reasons a landlord can evict. Remember, this is different from damage caused by a natural disaster or unexpected malfunction, like an earthquake or a burst pipe.

4. Tenant Uses Property for Illegal Purposes

If you can evict a tenant for using their residence as a nail salon, you most certainly can evict if they are using it to run an illegal business. Any illegal enterprise leaves a landlord vulnerable to all sorts of liability and can harm the value of the property itself. So, it is best to act quickly and cautiously.

What is a proper without cause eviction?

Proper “without cause” evictions are situations where you would wish to evict the tenant regardless of who the tenant is. For example: you plan to sell or renovate the property, you have a family member who needs to use the premises, you no longer wish to be a landlord, etc. A landlord may never use self-help mechanisms to evict a tenant.

What is a 3 day notice for eviction?

Any Lease (or No Lease): Eviction With Cause. When the tenant has done something wrong, the landlord can give a 3-day notice for the tenant to either cure their wrong or leave the property. If the tenant cures the wrong, there is no cause to evict. See above for methods to end the tenancy.

How long do you have to give a tenant a notice to vacate?

If the tenant has been living on the premises for one year or more under any circumstances other than with a fixed-term lease: the landlord must give the tenant a 60-day notice to vacate the premises. If the tenant is still living on the premises after the notice has been given, an unlawful detainer complaint can be filed.

How long do you have to give notice to vacate a house?

If the tenant has a lease that is less than month-to-month but has renewed it enough times that they have lived at the property for 30 days or more but less than 1 year: the landlord must give the tenant a 30-day notice to vacate the premises. If the tenant has no lease but has been at the property for 30 days or more but less than 1 year: ...

How long does a detainer have to be on a notice?

If the tenant does not cure the wrong, an unlawful detainer complaint can be filed immediately after the 3-day notice is up.

How long does a tenant have to serve notice of lease?

If the tenant has a lease that is less than month-to-month and has been at the property less than 30 days: the notice must be as many days as the residency at the time of serving the notice. Civ. Code § 1946.

What is a drug lease?

Engaging in drug dealing or unlawfully using, cultivating, importing, or manufacturing illegal drugs. The terms of the lease may alter these standard guidelines. In general, though, a lease may only increase the notice/rights of the tenant and not decrease those rights.

How long does a landlord have to give a tenant an eviction notice?

The time period given is usually 3-5 days. If the tenant pays the full amount in the given time, there can be no eviction on this notice. The landlord must start all over again with a new notice and a new time period if there are other violations that need resolution.

What is the grievance on an eviction notice?

Often, these grievances involve accusations of a tenant breaking the terms of the lease.

What is required to be included in an eviction notice?

In any jurisdiction, an eviction notice must provide all the information a tenant may need to understand the landlord's reason for eviction, as well as all of the information they need to respond within the required time frame, in order to be valid. Legal eviction processes begin only if a tenant does not use that information and respond appropriately before the deadline. Courts determine what kind of information is necessary and how it must be presented.

What is the process of eviction?

Evictions can be a convoluted and complicated process as there are many misconceptions about what the landlord can and cannot do related to this process. An eviction must always start with the landlord giving the tenant an eviction notice. An eviction notice, as scary as it is for a tenant to receive, is not the eviction itself. When a tenant is served with an eviction notice, they still have rights and options. The eviction notice may be presented as a legal document, but it must meet strict requirements before a court will consider it valid. This guide discusses the intricacies of eviction notices and provides a brief overview of the eviction process. As with all landlord/tenant law, the laws surrounding eviction are highly state-specific. After providing an eviction notice, a landlord should consult with a lawyer in their state to find out more about the laws in their jurisdiction if they decide to move forward by bringing an eviction action in court.

Why is it important to understand the purpose of an eviction?

Simply put, an eviction is the legal process by which a landlord removes a tenant from a rental property. Many evictions occur because the tenant has not paid rent or is habitually late in paying the rent.

How long does it take to get an eviction notice?

The time allowed under state law for such a notice is usually thirty or sixty days, but may be as short as twenty days or as long as ninety days. There may be different time periods if the tenant has lived in the unit for a long period of time or is a senior citizen or has a disability.

What happens if a tenant is late paying rent?

Even if a tenant is late paying rent or has otherwise violated their lease, landlords usually have a duty to follow the process, including legally ending the tenancy before suing to evict the tenant. If a landlord wishes to evict a tenant, they must follow these steps: 1.

What are the common grounds for eviction?

Common grounds for eviction are: rent arrears. nuisance or antisocial behaviour. Some grounds are 'mandatory.'. This means the court must order you to leave if the landlord can prove the ground. Other grounds are 'discretionary.'. This means the court may decide to let you stay even if the landlord can prove the ground.

What is the legal reason for eviction?

Legal reasons for eviction are called 'grounds' . The landlord must prove a ground in court to get an eviction order.

How long do you have to give notice to a landlord to evict you?

If it's a council or housing association tenancy, the landlord might serve a 1 month notice and then apply to court to evict you. Last updated: 1 June 2021.

Why do landlords use section 21?

Some landlords use section 21 because they don't want to deal with repairs when the tenant complains. Some renters are protected from this type of revenge eviction. You might also get a section 21 if you owe rent or the landlord is worried that you might fall into arrears.

What is a section 21 notice?

Section 21 eviction. Most private landlords can give a section 21 notice as a first step towards ending an assured shorthold tenancy. Most private renters have this type of tenancy. A section 21 is sometimes called a ‘no fault’ notice as your landlord doesn't need to give a reason for wanting the property back.

How long does it take to get a landlord to end a tenancy?

If you move out without ending your tenancy properly, your landlord can usually end the tenancy by giving you 1 month's written notice.

How long do you have to owe rent on a Section 8 notice?

With a section 8 notice, your landlord could use a mandatory ground if you owe at least 2 months' rent both when you get the notice and at the hearing.

How do you legally serve an eviction notice?

The most effective way to serve a notice of eviction is to send the notice via certified mail with a return receipt. After this is done, the notice of eviction is posted conspicuously on the property, such as the front door or garage.

What happens if a tenant refuses to leave?

In both these cases, if the tenant does not vacate, the landlord will have to file a suit for eviction in the district court and get an order ,” explains Kumar Mihir, a Supreme Court lawyer. … In case the tenant refuses to pay the increased rent after one year, the landlord can ask him to vacate the property.

Can a landlord force a tenant to leave?

It is important to note, a landlord cannot physically deny access to the tenant or force tenant to move out. If the tenant refuses to move out voluntarily, the only legitimate way for the landlord to evict the tenant is to obtain a court judgment from the Rent Committee.

Can you be evicted for having a messy house?

Can a Landlord Evict You for Keeping the House Dirty? A landlord cannot order you to leave the premises if it is messy and dirty. But you can be asked to leave the premises if the house is messy and unhealthy. … You will not be evicted simply because you don’t keep the place clean.

What is a no fault eviction?

Through a “No-Fault Eviction” the landlord can’t make the tenant leave the house and end the lease without even giving a valid reason. The landlord isn’t supposed to tell the tenant about this, all he needs is to serve the notice before time on the decided race period, and his duty will be done.

How long do tenants have to move out after house is sold?

If the original lease includes a “lease termination due to sale clause,” the landlord has the right to end the lease early if the property sells. However, the tenant typically has 30 days to vacate the property in the event of a sale.

Can a tenant refuse viewings?

If you don’t want your landlord or letting agent to organise viewings you can refuse and they may not enter without your permission. … A landlord who serves a so-called ‘no fault eviction’ section 21 notice, however, does not need to prove that they are acting reasonably.

What Are Grounds for Eviction?

No matter what the situation, you’re never allowed to change the locks on the tenant, physically remove a tenant or their belongings, or shut off utilities. Below are the legal reasons you can evict a tenant and step-by-step instructions for evicting a tenant.

What If a Tenant Abandons the Property?

State landlord-tenant laws usually have clauses about “reasonable presumption of abandonment.” You can usually presume the tenant has abandoned the property if he or she has left belongings and hasn’t paid rent for two or more months. If you are not sure, we recommend not changing the locks, because it is illegal to change the locks on a tenant as it’s considered forced eviction.

What Are Valid Reasons for a Tenant to Break a Lease?

The following are valid reasons for a tenant needing to break a lease:

What If a Tenant Stops Paying Rent?

If a tenant doesn’t pay rent, then he or she is violating the terms of the lease .

What If a Tenant Breaks a Rule in the Rental Lease?

If a tenant fails to pay rent, breaks a rule, or significantly damages the property, then it is considered a breach of contract and you have grounds for eviction. If there are people living in the unit that are not on the lease, then that is also a breach of contract and you have grounds to evict them.

What happens when you transfer a security deposit?

In the case that your lease is being transferred to the new owner, the security deposit becomes the new landlord’s responsibility. You should transfer the deposit to the new landlord and notify the tenant of the transfer and the amount transferred.

Why does my lease end early?

There are several reasons why a lease might end early — your tenant may need to leave early, you’re looking to sell the property before a lease ends, or in some cases, it’s because you have good reason to evict your tenant. Regardless of the situation, breaking a rental lease with a current tenant does happen ...

Why are tenants being evicted in Ohio?

The most common reason why tenants are evicted from their Ohio dwelling or apartment building is simply that they aren’t paying rent. The lease agreement made between the landlord and the tenant will stipulate how much rent is to be paid, and on what timetable; any lack of compliance can provide just cause for the termination of the lease agreement.

What is the job of a landlord in Ohio?

One of the landlord’s primary tasks is keeping his or her building filled with responsible, rent-paying tenants. At times, the landlord may also be required to get rid of tenants—evicting them from the premises to make room for a new occupant. Evictions can be a necessary evil, and in some instances, the evicted party may seek legal action against the landlord. As such, it’s critical for landlords to make sure they know all the legal justifications for evicting tenants in the state of Ohio; and, to consult with a landlord representation lawyershould legal challenges arise.

Can a landlord evict a tenant?

The landlord may also evict the tenant over any violations of the lease agreement’s stated terms. Bringing in unauthorized pets, engaging in unauthorized subletting, or housing extended guests can all count as violations of the lease, and may be grounds for eviction.


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