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what is a select clause

by Dr. Spencer McGlynn Published 2 years ago Updated 1 year ago

The SELECT statement has many optional clauses:

  • SELECT clause is the list of columns or SQL expressions that must be returned by the query. ...
  • AS optionally provides an alias for each column or expression in the SELECT clause. ...
  • FROM specifies from which table to get the data.
  • WHERE specifies which rows to retrieve. ...

More items...

The SELECT clause specifies the columns from which data values are to be retrieved by the query. Data retrieval is limited to the columns specified. When selecting from two or more tables having duplicate column names, it may be necessary to qualify column names with table or view names.

Full Answer

What constructs can be specified with the SELECT clause?

The SELECT clause can contain any SQL function (see SQL Functions). Especially useful in analytical processing are the windowing aggregate functions and the analytical functions (see Analytical Functions).

What is clause needs another clause in order to make sense?

Dependent Clause: a group of words with a subjectand verbthat cannot stand aloneas a complete sentence because it includes a word that signals "I need another clause to make sense!" Example: When I'm forced to eat a sweet pickle(when tells me there's more information coming)

What is clause and types of clause?

Types of Clauses

  • Independent Clauses (Main Clause)
  • Dependent Clauses (Subordinate Clause)
  • Relative Clauses (Adjective Clause)
  • Noun Clauses

Are forum selection clauses enforceable?

Whether the claims and parties involved in the suit are subject to the forum selection clause. If the forum selection clause was communicated to the resisting party, has mandatory force, and covers the claims and parties involved in the dispute, it is presumptively enforceable.


What is a SELECT statement in SQL?

The SELECT statement is used to select data from a database. The data returned is stored in a result table, called the result-set.

What is SELECT command example?

Select command is used to fetch the data in a set of records from a table, view or a group of tables, views by making use of SQL joins. The simplest example of a select statement where in a user wants to, retrieve all the records of a table, can be performed by using '*'.

Which keyword is in the SELECT clause?

The SQL DISTINCT keyword is used in conjunction with the SELECT statement to eliminate all the duplicate records and fetching only unique records.

What is SELECT query used for?

SELECT query is used to retrieve data from a table. It is the most used SQL query. We can retrieve complete table data, or partial by specifying conditions using the WHERE clause.

How do you write a SELECT statement?

The elements of a select statement include:SELECT: specifies which column to return.FROM: specifies from which table to fetch the data.WHERE: specifies how to filter the data.GROUP BY: arranges the data to be returned by groups. 'HAVING: filters groups by predicates.ORDER BY: sorts the results.

What is SELECT and WHERE clause in SQL?

The WHERE clause allows us to fetch records from a database table that matches specified condition(s). For example, SELECT * FROM Customers WHERE last_name = 'Doe'; Run Code. Here, the SQL command selects all customers from the Customers table with last_name Doe.

What is the meaning of SELECT clause in mysql?

The SELECT statement is used to select data from a database. The data returned is stored in a result table, called the result-set.

How many basic clauses a SELECT statement has?

The Five Clauses of the SELECT Statement.

Which order of clauses in a SELECT statement is correct?

The correct answer is Select, where, group by, having.

How do I run a SELECT query?

To select everything from a table, use * (asterisk operator) Select * from employee;After writing the query, click on the execute button to check for errors.Once the query is executed, the table appears.

How do I SELECT specific data in SQL?

SELECT statements The syntax is: SELECT column1, column2 FROM table1, table2 WHERE column2='value'; In the above SQL statement: The SELECT clause specifies one or more columns to be retrieved; to specify multiple columns, use a comma and a space between column names.

What are the 3 types of SELECT query?

Microsoft Access Query TypesSelect, Action, Parameter and Aggregate: Queries are very useful tools when it comes to databases and they are often called by the user through a form. ... Select Query. ... Action Query. ... Parameter Query. ... Aggregate Query.

What is DDL explain with example?

Stands for "Data Definition Language." A DDL is a language used to define data structures and modify data. For example, DDL commands can be used to add, remove, or modify tables within in a database. DDLs used in database applications are considered a subset of SQL, the Structured Query Language.


The SELECT statement is a limited form of DML statement in that it can only access data in the database. It cannot manipulate data in the database, although it can operate on the accessed data before returning the results of the query.

How do you SELECT a command in Linux?

select command in Linux is used to create a numbered menu from which a user can select an option. If the user enters a valid option then it executes the set of command written in select block and then ask again to enter a number, if a wrong option is entered it does nothing.


The following example shows all the different forms that a select clause may take. In each query, note the relationship between the select clause and the type of the query variable ( studentQuery1, studentQuery2, and so on).


At compile time, the select clause is translated to a method call to the Select standard query operator.

Clauses in Select statement

The example of select statement given above is quite simple and not that useful in practice. So, there are many other clauses associated with select statement that make it more meaningful. Some of these are −


The where clause is used to filter out data i.e it returns information that satisfies a certain condition. For example −

Group by

This is mostly used with aggregate functions to group the result set according to the value of a column. For example −


This is used along with Group By clause because Where clause could not be used by aggregate functions. For Example −

Order by

The order by keyword is used to sort the results in ascending or descending order. By default, the order is assumed to be ascending. For Example −

What is the purpose of select in SQL?

Select is the most commonly used statement in SQL. The SELECT Statement in SQL is used to retrieve or fetch data from a database. We can fetch either the entire table or according to some specified rules. The data returned is stored in a result table. This result table is also called result-set.

What is the select clause in SQL?

The select clause is the first clause and is one of the last clauses of the select statement that the database server evaluates. The reason for this is that before we can determine what to include in the final result set, we need to know all of the possible columns that could be included in the final result set.

SELECT Column Example

The following SQL statement selects the "CustomerName" and "City" columns from the "Customers" table:


Insert the missing statement to get all the columns from the Customers table.

What is derived table?

A derived table is the use of referencing an SQL subquery in a FROM clause. Essentially, the derived table is a subquery that can be selected from or joined to. Deri ved table functionality allows the user to reference the subquery as a table. The derived table also is referred to as an inline view or a select in from list .

What is SQL select?

In most applications, SELECT is the most commonly used data manipulation language (DML) command. As SQL is a declarative programming language, SELECT queries specify a result set, but do not specify how to calculate it.

What is row pagination?

Rows Pagination is an approach used to limit and display only a part of the total data of a query in the database. Instead of showing hundreds or thousands of rows at the same time, the server is requested only one page (a limited set of rows, per example only 10 rows), and the user starts navigating by requesting the next page, and then the next one, and so on. It is very useful, specially in web systems, where there is no dedicated connection between the client and the server, so the client does not have to wait to read and display all the rows of the server.

What is the most complex SQL statement?

SELECT is the most complex statement in SQL, with optional keywords and clauses that include: The FROM clause, which indicates the table (s) to retrieve data from. The FROM clause can include optional JOIN subclauses to specify the rules for joining tables.

What is the most common operation in SQL?

SELECT is the most common operation in SQL, called "the query". SELECT retrieves data from one or more tables, or expressions. Standard SELECT statements have no persistent effects on the database. Some non-standard implementations of SELECT can have persistent effects, such as the SELECT INTO syntax provided in some databases.

What is SQL used for?

SQL, pronounced Sequel or simply S-Q-L, is a computer programming language used for querying relational databases following a nonprocedural approach . When you extract information from a database using SQL, this is termed querying the database. A relational database is implemented through the use of a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS).

How to get structural metadata?

The structural metadata of a table may be obtained by querying the database for the list of columns that compris e it using the DESCRIBE command. It will list the used column names, their null property and data type.

What is literal in SQL?

Literals. Any hard coded value, which is not stored in database, in the SELECT clause, is known s Literal. It can be number, character, or date value. Character and date values must be enclosed within quotes. Consider the below SQL queries.examples of using literals of different data types in SQL queries.

What is the order of evaulation in an expression?

In case of multiple operators in an expression, the order of evaulation is decided by the operator precedence. Here are the elementary rules of precedence -

What is the function of the double vertical bar symbol?

The double vertical bar symbol is used as string concatenation operator. It is applicable only for character and string column values resulting into a new character expression. Example

How are database structures defined?

Database structures are defined through the use of a data definition language. The commands that system users execute in order to store and retrieve data can be entered at a terminal with an RDBMS interface by typing the commands, or entered through use of some type of graphical interface.

What are the three concepts of SQL?

Three concepts from relational theory encompass the capability of the SELECT statement: projection, selection, and joining.

What is an asterisk in a table?

You can use an asterisk (*) to select all fields in a table. The following example selects all of the fields in the Employees table: If a field name is included in more than one table in the FROM clause, precede it with the table name and the . (dot) operator.

What is the syntax of select?

Most SQL statements are either SELECT or SELECT...INTO statements. The minimum syntax for a SELECT statement is: SELECT fields FROM table. You can use an asterisk (*) to select all fields in a table.

Can you use other clauses in a select statement?

You can use the other clauses in a SELECT statement to further restrict and organize your returned data. For more information, see the Help topic for the clause you are using. A subscription to make the most of your time. Try one month free.


1.SELECT Clause (Transact-SQL) - SQL Server | Microsoft …


25 hours ago  · The SELECT statement produces a result row or an intermediate work table row exceeding 8,060 bytes. The DELETE, INSERT, or UPDATE statement tries an action on a row exceeding 8,060 bytes. An error occurs if no column name is specified to a column created by a SELECT INTO or CREATE VIEW statement. See Also. SELECT Examples (Transact-SQL) clause - C# Reference | Microsoft Docs


8 hours ago  · In a query expression, the select clause specifies the type of values that will be produced when the query is executed. The result is based on the evaluation of all the previous clauses and on any expressions in the select clause itself. A query expression must terminate with either a select clause or a group clause.

3.Videos of What Is A SELECT Clause


16 hours ago  · The select clause is the first clause and is one of the last clauses of the select statement that the database server evaluates. The reason for this is that before we can determine what to include in the final result set, we need to know all of the possible columns that could be included in the final result set.

4.SELECT Statement and its Clauses in DBMS


12 hours ago The SQL SELECT Statement. The SELECT statement is used to select data from a database. The data returned is stored in a result table, called the result-set. SELECT Syntax

5.SQL | SELECT Query - GeeksforGeeks


13 hours ago SELECT clause is the list of columns or SQL expressions that must be returned by the query. This is approximately the relational algebra projection operation. AS optionally provides an alias for each column or expression in the SELECT clause.

6.SQL SELECT Statement - W3Schools


10 hours ago The SELECT clause is mandatory and carries out the relational project operation. The FROM clause is also mandatory. It identifies one or more tables and/or views from which to retrieve the column data displayed in a result table. The WHERE clause is optional and carries out the relational select operation. It specifies which rows are to be selected. The GROUP BY clause is …

7.Select (SQL) - Wikipedia


16 hours ago The SELECT statement Instructs the Microsoft Access database engine to return information from the database as a set of records. Syntax SELECT [ predicate ] { * | table .* | [ table .] field1 [AS alias1 ] [, [ table .] field2 [AS alias2 ] [, ...]]}

8.The SQL SELECT Statement -


35 hours ago  · SQL – SELECT AS. Last Updated : 15 May, 2021. In SQL, we have databases that contain tables where our data is present. If we want to select some data from this table then we make use of the SELECT clause with FROM clause specifying the table. We can apply some conditions to our selections using the WHERE clause.

9.SELECT Statement -


23 hours ago The subquery must use an aggregate function. The subquery must refer to the same table as the main query. The subquery must return a single value. The …

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