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what is in malathion liquid

by Mr. Jillian Zemlak DVM Published 1 year ago Updated 1 year ago
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Malathion liquid contains an insecticide. It kills insects (parasites) that live on humans, such as head lice, the scabies mite and crab lice. Two applications of treatment with malathion liquid are needed, one week apart.Oct 18, 2021

Full Answer

What is malathion liquid concentrate?

Malathion Liquid Concentrate is manufactured by Zoecon and is a liquid insecticide concentrate that does an impressive job against a wide list of insects that can infest yards. The product is versatile against common turf insects and insects that like to infest crops.

What is Malathion used for in agriculture?

Malathion. It is used: in the agricultural production of a wide variety of food and feed crops to control many types of insects such as aphids, leafhoppers, and Japanese beetles; in the USDA’s Cotton Boll Weevil Eradication Program and Fruit Fly (Medfly) Control Program;

What does malathion smell like?

Summary: Malathion is an insecticide that does not occur naturally. Pure malathion is a colorless liquid, and technical-grade malathion, which contains >90% malathion and impurities in a solvent, is a brownish-yellow liquid that smells like garlic.

What is the shelf life of malathion?

Malathion itself is not volatile. It is slightly soluble in water, soluble in alcohols and aromatic solvents, and of limited solubility in petroleum oils. The premium grade can maintain its biological activity unchanged for approximately 2 years if stored unopened in a cool, shaded, and well aired place at 68-86ºF.

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1. What is Malathion Insecticide Used for?

Answer: Malathion is given as a man-made organophosphate insecticide, which is commonly used to control mosquitoes and a variety of insects, which...

2. How to Kill Bedbugs?

Answer: To kill bedbugs in a natural manner, try some essential malathion oils; use either dried or fresh eucalyptus, mint, lavender, and rosemary...

3. Give Some Signs of Bed Bug Infestation?

Answer: Some Signs of Bed Bug Infestation can be given as Dark or black stains - on the mattress and the surrounding area from bed bug excreta; Swe...

4. What are the Lethal Pesticide Effects on the Body?

Answer: It is recommended for organophosphate poisoning. Organophosphate is a pesticide that ate fairly common and can be found on farms across the...

Before using malathion liquid

To make sure this is the right treatment for you (or your child), before you start using malathion liquid it is important that your doctor or pharmacist knows:

How to use malathion liquid

Before you (or your child) start the treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack. It will give you more information about applying malathion liquid and will provide you with a full list of the side-effects which you could experience from using it. Two applications of treatment are needed, one week apart.

Getting the most from your treatment

If you are using malathion for head lice, all family members who are affected should be treated at the same time. It can also help to comb the hair with a nit comb every four days. Comb through small sections of wet hair and remove any lice you find. It can take half an hour or so to do this over the whole scalp.

Can malathion cause problems?

Malathion can occasionally cause skin irritation. This should soon pass but, if it is severe or becomes troublesome (or if you experience any other symptoms which you think may be due to the treatment), please ask your doctor or pharmacist for further advice.

Important information about all medicines

Make sure that the person supplying this medicine knows about any other medicines that you are taking or using. This includes any prescribed medicines, and any medicines you buy such as herbal and homeopathic medicines.

Properties

Malathion is given as a colourless yellow-brown liquid having a characteristic unpleasant odour. Malathion iupac id is 4004. Generally, it can be prepared by combining O and O-dimethyl phosphorothioate with diethyl maleate. It is also soluble in most of the organic solvents except paraffin hydrocarbons.

Mechanism of Action

Malathion is a compound that inhibits acetylcholinesterase, which is a large family of chemicals. When this is injected into the target organism, it binds irreversibly to the serine residue in the cholinesterase enzyme's active catalytic site.

Production Method

Malathion can be produced by the addition of dimethyl dithiophosphoric acid to either diethyl fumarate or diethyl maleate. The compound is chiral but can be used as a racemate.

Malathion Pesticide Use

Malathion is given as a pesticide, which may be used widely in residential landscaping, agriculture, in public health pest control programs such as mosquito eradication, and also in the public recreation areas. And, in the U.S., it is known to be the most commonly used organophosphate insecticide.

Medical Use

In low doses (0.5% preparations), malathion can be used as a treatment for:

Toxicity

Malathion is more highly toxic to the bees and other aquatic invertebrates, beneficial insects, and a few species of fish, notably largemouth and bluegill bass. Also, it is of moderate toxicity to the birds.

What is malathion?

Malathion is an insecticide in the chemical family known as organophosphates. Products containing malathion are used outdoors to control a wide variety of insects in agricultural settings and around people's homes. Malathion has also been used in public health mosquito control and fruit fly eradication programs.

What are some products that contain malathion?

Products containing malathion may be liquids, dusts, wettable powders, or emulsions. There are thousands of products containing malathion registered for use in the United States.

How does malathion work?

Malathion kills insects by preventing their nervous system from working properly. When healthy nerves send signals to each other, a special chemical messenger travels from one nerve to another to continue the message. The nerve signal stops when an enzyme is released into the space between the nerves.

How might I be exposed to malathion?

You could be exposed to malathion if you get it on your skin or breathe it in, or if you use a product and eat, drink, or smoke afterwards without washing your hands. People who apply products containing malathion may be exposed if they do not wear the proper protective equipment.

What are some signs and symptoms from a brief exposure to malathion?

People who were exposed to enough malathion to become sick felt nauseated or vomited, had muscle tremors, cramps, weakness, shortness of breath, a slowed heart rate, headache, abdominal pain and diarrhea.

What happens to malathion when it enters the body?

In both humans and animals, malathion travels to the liver and kidneys and affects the nervous system. Generally, the body can break down malathion and remove it quickly. Studies in rats showed that most malathion was gone from their bodies within a day of exposure.

Is malathion likely to contribute to the development of cancer?

Researchers fed malathion to rats for up to two years and to mice for a year and a half. They found no evidence of increased cancer in the treated animals. Other studies using higher doses of malathion in rats and mice found that they developed liver cancer. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S.

Pesticide use

Malathion is a pesticide that is widely used in agriculture, residential landscaping, public recreation areas, and in public health pest control programs such as mosquito eradication. In the US, it is the most commonly used organophosphate insecticide.

Mechanism of action

Malathion is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, a diverse family of chemicals. Upon uptake into the target organism, it binds irreversibly to the serine residue in the active catalytic site of the cholinesterase enzyme.

Production method

Malathion is produced by the addition of dimethyl dithiophosphoric acid to diethyl maleate or diethyl fumarate. The compound is chiral but is used as a racemate .

Medical use

Malathion in low doses (0.5% preparations) is used as a treatment for:

Safety

Malathion is of low toxicity. Its metabolite malaoxon is 61x more toxic, being a more potent inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase.

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1.Malathion | US EPA

Url:https://www.epa.gov/mosquitocontrol/malathion

25 hours ago  · Malathion is an organophosphate (OP) insecticide that has been registered for use in the United States since 1956. It is used: in the agricultural production of a wide variety of …

2.Malathion liquid | Patient

Url:https://patient.info/medicine/malathion-liquid-derbac-m

6 hours ago  · Malathion liquid contains an insecticide. It kills insects (parasites) that live on humans, such as head lice, the scabies mite and crab lice. Two applications of treatment with …

3.Malathion - Properties, Mechanism, Production, Uses and …

Url:https://www.vedantu.com/chemistry/malathion

1 hours ago Malathion is a broad-spectrum organophosphate acaricide and insecticide also known as mercaptothion, maldison, and carbophos (that is used to kill mites and ticks). Considerably …

4.Malathion | Toxic Substances | Toxic Substance Portal

Url:https://wwwn.cdc.gov/TSP/substances/ToxSubstance.aspx?toxid=92

4 hours ago Pure malathion is a colorless liquid, and technical-grade malathion, which contains >90% malathion and impurities in a solvent, is a brownish-yellow liquid that smells like garlic. …

5.Malathion | Public Health Statement | ATSDR - Centers for …

Url:https://wwwn.cdc.gov/TSP/PHS/PHS.aspx?phsid=520&toxid=92

14 hours ago What is malathion? Malathion is a pesticide that is used to kill insects on agricultural crops, on stored products, on golf courses, in home gardens, and in outdoor sites where trees and shrubs …

6.Malathion General Fact Sheet - Oregon State University

Url:http://npic.orst.edu/factsheets/malagen.html

33 hours ago At room temperature, malathion is a yellow to deep brown liquid with an odor of garlic. It is a solid below 37ºF. It is often dissolved in a hydrocarbon solvent before use. Malathion itself is not …

7.Malathion - Wikipedia

Url:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malathion

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8.Malathion | C10H19O6PS2 - PubChem

Url:https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Malathion

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9.Malathion | Medical Management Guidelines | Toxic …

Url:https://wwwn.cdc.gov/TSP/MMG/MMGDetails.aspx?mmgid=517&toxid=92

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