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what is the definition of reproduction in science

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What is the scientific definition of reproduction?

“Reproduction is the process of producing offsprings that are biologically or genetically similar to the parent organism.” What is Reproduction? Reproduction means to reproduce. It is a biological process by which an organism reproduces an offspring who is biologically similar to the organism.

What are the different types of reproduction?

Types of reproduction

  • Oviparity: Majority of female insects, are oviparous, lay eggs. ...
  • Viviparity: Unlike oviparous, here initiation of egg development takes place within the mother. ...
  • Parthenogenesis : Reproduction without fertilization is parthenogenesis. ...

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What are facts about sexual reproduction?

Sexual reproduction facts for kids. Kids Encyclopedia Facts. Sexual reproduction is how most animals and plants reproduce. Some protists and fungi also reproduce this way. Organisms that reproduce sexually have two different sexes: male and female. Offspring is made by a sperm fertilization an ovum from the female.

What are the two types of sexual reproduction?

Sexual reproduction is of two types, syngamy (which takes place in multicellular organisms) and conjugation (which takes place in single-celled organisms). It is explained through the below chart. Other Modes of Sexual Reproduction

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What is reproduce science definition?

1 : the act or process of reproducing specifically : the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a portion of the parental body by a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and differentiation into a new individual.

What is reproduce simple definition?

Definition of reproduce transitive verb. : to produce again: such as. a : to produce (new individuals of the same kind) by a sexual or asexual process. b : to cause to exist again or anew reproduce water from steam.

What is reproduction answer in one sentence?

Explanation: Reproduction is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents". The cloning of an organism is a form of asexual reproduction.

What is reproduction in human?

sexual reproductionHuman reproduction is sexual reproduction that results in human fertilization to produce a human offspring. It typically involves sexual intercourse between a sexually mature person with testes and a sexually mature person with ovaries.

What is Reproduction?

Reproduction means to reproduce. It is a biological process by which an organism reproduces an offspring who is biologically similar to the organism. Reproduction enables and ensures the continuity of species, generation after generation. It is the main feature of life on earth.

Why is reproduction important?

Reproduction enables and ensures the continuity of species, generation after generation. It is the main feature of life on earth. Let us have a detailed overview of reproduction, its types and the modes of reproduction in plants and animals.

What is asexual reproduction?

Asexual reproduction involves reproduction processes such as binary fission, budding, fragmentation, etc. The organisms have no reproductive systems and therefore no formation of male and female gametes takes place.

What type of reproduction is a new organism born from spores?

Fragmentation: In this, the parent organism splits into several parts and each part grows into a new individual. For eg., Planaria. Sporogenesis: In this type of reproduction, a new organism grows from the spores. These can be created without fertilization and can spread through wind and animals.

How do animals reproduce?

Animals reproduce sexually as well as asexually. Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of male and female gametes. This process is known as fertilization . Fertilization can be external or internal. External fertilization is the process in which the male sperm fertilizes the female egg outside the female’s body. On the contrary, in internal fertilization , the fusion of male and female gametes takes place inside the body of the female.

How are gametes formed in sexual reproduction?

In sexual reproduction, male and female gametes are formed to produce an offspring. These gametes are either formed by the same individual or by different individuals of the opposite sex. This process is usually slow and complex compared to asexual reproduction. The organisms so produced are genetically diverse.

What is the main mode of reproduction in plants?

Vegetative reproduction is the main mode of plant reproduction. Roots such as a corm, stem tuber, rhizomes and stolon undergo vegetative propagation. Sexual reproduction in plants takes place through pollination in which the pollen grains from the anther of a male flower transfer to the stigma of the female flower.

Where does sexual reproduction occur?from nationalgeographic.org

Sexual reproduction occurs in both plants and animals. Among plants it is used most notably by flowering plants. The pollen grains of flowers contain the sperm. The vase-shaped female reproductive organ in the base of the flower, or the pistil, contains the eggs. When the pollen grains land on top of the pistil, they make a pathway to the eggs. Each zygote develops into a seed that, when in soil, can grow into a new plant.

What is the difference between sexual and asexual reproduction?from nationalgeographic.org

In sexual reproduction, an organism combines the genetic information from each of its parents and is genetically unique. In asexual reproduction , one parent copies itself to form a genetically identical offspring.

What is the term for a fertilized egg?from nationalgeographic.org

In sexual reproduction, a haploid sperm from the male parent fertilizes the haploid egg from the female parent to produce what is called a diploid zygote. Zygote is the technical term for a fertilized egg. The diploid number of chromosomes is the normal number of chromosomes found in all of the regular cells of an organism.

How do zygotes reproduce?from nationalgeographic.org

Sexual reproduction occurs in a variety of ways in animals. In some species, such as fish, the male releases sperm over the eggs after the female has laid them.

What is the term for an organism with both male and female reproductive organs?from nationalgeographic.org

meiosis. Noun. type of cell division in which the daughter cells have half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell; also known as reduction division.

How does a zygote grow?from nationalgeographic.org

The zygote grows and develops into a new organism. It is genetically different from both parents because half of its chromosomes came from the male parent and half of the chromosomes came from the female parent, giving it a unique combination of genes. Sexual reproduction occurs in both plants and animals. Among plants it is used most notably by ...

Why are organisms genetically diverse?from nationalgeographic.org

Organisms are genetically diverse because of sexual reproduction. Sexual reproduction begins with sperm and egg cells, which are produced through a process called meiosis. These cells are referred to as haploid because they contain half of the number of chromosomes as the parent.

What is the definition of reproduction?

Medical Definition of reproduction. : the act or process of reproducing specifically : the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a portion of the parental body by a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and differentiation into a new individual.

What is the process of reproducing?

1 : the act or process of reproducing specifically : the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a portion of the parental body by a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and differentiation into a new individual. 2 : something reproduced : copy.

What is Reproduction in Science?

Reproduction is a biological process by which an organism reproduces an offspring that is biologically similar to the organism. Reproduction enables and ensures the continuity of species, generation after generation. It is the main feature of life on earth.

Reproduction in Plants

Plants reproduce by sexual and asexual means. Vegetative reproduction is the main mode of plant reproduction.

Reproduction in Humans

Humans reproduce sexually as well as asexually. Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of male and female gametes. This process is known as fertilization. Fertilization can be external or internal. External fertilization is the process in which the male sperm fertilizes the female egg outside the female’s body.

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Reproduction - Key takeaways

Sexual reproduction can only occur through cells created through the process of meiosis.

The definition of sexual reproduction

During sexual reproduction, genetic material from both parents comes together to produce an offspring that is genetically different from its parents.

The function of the reproductive system in humans

The function of the reproductive system is to produce gametes - eggs and sperm.

Sexual reproduction of plants

Sexual reproduction in plants follows similar principles to sexual reproduction in humans; the nuclei of male and female gametes fuse to form a zygote. However, there are some significant differences.

Sexual reproduction in fungi

Fungi (and plants) can reproduce both sexually and asexually. In both cases, the fungi produce spores released into the environment. These spores land and grow into fungi when environmental conditions are suitable.

Asexual reproduction

Asexual reproduction is a type of reproduction that does not involve the fusion of gametes.

Sexual vs asexual reproduction

Each reproduction method presents several distinct advantages; however, they each have their own set of drawbacks.

What is reproduction in biology?

1. (Biology) biology any of various processes, either sexual or asexual, by which an animal or plant produces one or more individuals similar to itself. 2. (Art Terms) a. an imitation or facsimile of a work of art, esp of a picture made by photoengraving.

What does "reproduced" mean?

1. The act of reproducing or the condition or process of being reproduced. 2. Something reproduced, especially in the faithfulness of its resemblance to the form and elements of the original: a fine reproduction of a painting by Matisse. 3.

What is the process of producing other cells and organisms of the same kind?

The process by which cells and organisms produce other cells and organisms of the same kind. Cell reproduction usually involves division of a cell into two identical parts by means of mitosis or into four different parts by meiosis. ♦ The reproduction of organisms by the union of male and female reproductive cells ...

What does "copy" mean in biology?

1. the act or process of reproducing. 2. a copy or duplicate of an original. 3. the process among organisms by which new individuals of the same kind are generated. Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

What is the term for the process by which organisms generate new individuals of the same kind?

3. Biology The sexual or asexual process by which organisms generate new individuals of the same kind; procreation.

Who argued that the Platonic defence is an exact or nearly exact reproduction of the words of Socrates?

Nor are the reasonings of Schleiermacher, who argues that the Platonic defence is an exact or nearly exact reproduction of the words of Socrates, partly because Plato would not have been guilty of the impiety of altering them, and also because many points of the defence might have been improved and strengthened, at all more conclusive.

Is fission asexual reproduction?

The fission (splitting) of bacterial cells is a form of asexual reproduction. Many plants and fungi are capable of reproducing both sexual ly and asexually, as are some animals, such as sponges. The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

What is the definition of reproduction?from merriam-webster.com

Medical Definition of reproduction. : the act or process of reproducing specifically : the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring and which fundamentally consists of the segregation of a portion of the parental body by a sexual or an asexual process and its subsequent growth and differentiation into a new individual.

What is asexual reproduction?from byjus.com

Asexual reproduction involves reproduction processes such as binary fission, budding, fragmentation, etc. The organisms have no reproductive systems and therefore no formation of male and female gametes takes place.

What type of reproduction is a new organism born from spores?from byjus.com

Fragmentation: In this, the parent organism splits into several parts and each part grows into a new individual. For eg., Planaria. Sporogenesis: In this type of reproduction, a new organism grows from the spores. These can be created without fertilization and can spread through wind and animals.

How do animals reproduce?from byjus.com

Animals reproduce sexually as well as asexually. Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of male and female gametes. This process is known as fertilization . Fertilization can be external or internal. External fertilization is the process in which the male sperm fertilizes the female egg outside the female’s body. On the contrary, in internal fertilization , the fusion of male and female gametes takes place inside the body of the female.

How are gametes formed in sexual reproduction?from byjus.com

In sexual reproduction, male and female gametes are formed to produce an offspring. These gametes are either formed by the same individual or by different individuals of the opposite sex. This process is usually slow and complex compared to asexual reproduction. The organisms so produced are genetically diverse.

What is the main mode of reproduction in plants?from byjus.com

Vegetative reproduction is the main mode of plant reproduction. Roots such as a corm, stem tuber, rhizomes and stolon undergo vegetative propagation. Sexual reproduction in plants takes place through pollination in which the pollen grains from the anther of a male flower transfer to the stigma of the female flower.

What is the lowest level of reproduction?from britannica.com

At its lowest level, therefore, reproduction is chemical replication . As evolution progressed, cells of successively higher levels of complexity must have arisen, and it was absolutely essential that they had the ability to make likenesses of themselves. In unicellular organisms, the ability of one cell to reproduce itself means the reproduction of a new individual; in multicellular organisms, however, it means growth and regeneration. Multicellular organisms also reproduce in the strict sense of the term—that is, they make copies of themselves in the form of offspring—but they do so in a variety of ways, many involving complex organs and elaborate hormonal mechanisms.

What does "reproduce" mean?

English Language Learners Definition of reproduce. : to make a copy of (something) : to produce something that is the same as or very similar to (something else) : to cause (something) to happen again in the same way. See the full definition for reproduce in the English Language Learners Dictionary.

What are some examples of reproduce?

Examples of reproduce in a Sentence. The concert will be reproduced on compact disc. Sound effects can reproduce the sound of thunder. They haven't been able to reproduce the results of the first experiment. Salmon return to the stream to reproduce offspring. The virus is able to reproduce itself very rapidly.

Can wasps reproduce?

The virus is able to reproduce itself very rapidly. See More. Recent Examples on the Web Follow-up studies have shown the wasps can find beetles, parasitize them, and reproduce; in some trees, up to 80% of ash borer larvae have wasps living inside them.

What is the reproductive system?from britannica.com

Introduction to the Reproductive System. The major function of the reproductive system is to ensure survival of the species. Other systems in the body, such as the endocrine and urinary systems, work continuously to maintain homeostasis for survival of the individual. An individual may live a long, healthy, and happy life without producing ...

What is the function of the female reproductive system?from embibe.com

The female reproductive system performs the following functions: It produces the female gametes called the eggs or ova. It provides a site for fertilization. It secrets sex hormones like oestrogen and progesterone. It provides a site for the development of the foetus.

What is the breeding system of a plant?from en.wikipedia.org

The breeding system, or how the sperm from one plant fertilizes the ovum of another, depends on the reproductive morphology, and is the single most important determinant of the genetic structure of nonclonal plant populations.

How long does it take for sperm to get into the uterus?from en.wikipedia.org

Upon successful fertilization and implantation, gestation of the fetus then occurs within the female's uterus for approximately nine months, this process is known as pregnancy in humans.

What are the reproductive structures of angiosperms?from en.wikipedia.org

Among all living organisms, flowers , which are the reproductive structures of angiosperms, are the most varied physically and show a correspondingly great diversity in methods of reproduction. Plants that are not flowering plants ( green algae, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, ferns and gymnosperms such as conifers) also have complex interplays between morphological adaptation and environmental factors in their sexual reproduction. The breeding system, or how the sperm from one plant fertilizes the ovum of another, depends on the reproductive morphology, and is the single most important determinant of the genetic structure of nonclonal plant populations. Christian Konrad Sprengel (1793) studied the reproduction of flowering plants and for the first time it was understood that the pollination process involved both biotic and abiotic interactions.

Which organ system in females helps in the development of the female gametes and help in fertilization to give rise to?from embibe.com

The organ system in females that help in the development of the female gametes and help in fertilization to give rise to the zygote which develops into a foetus is called the female reproductive system. Q.4.

Where are reproductive organs found?from en.wikipedia.org

Reproductive organs are found within the cloaca of reptiles. Most male reptiles have copulatory organs, which are usually retracted or inverted and stored inside the body. In turtles and crocodilians, the male has a single median penis-like organ, while male snakes and lizards each possess a pair of penis-like organs.

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