What is the name of the high energy compound used directly?
What is the name of the high energy compound that cells use directly to fuel other chemical reactions? Adenosine triphosphate Anaerobic glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities lasting
What is the main energy currency for cells?
The main energy currency for cells. Pyruvic Acid A three- carbon compound formed during glucose metabolism; also called pyruvate. Lactic Acid A three- carbon acid forming during aerobic cell metabolism; accumulation of this compound contributes to muscle fatigue. Phosphocreatine High-energy compound that can be used reform adenosine triphosphate
Which energy source provides the most ATP for the marathon?
B. Anaerobic glucose breakdown, using muscle glycogen, will provide most of the ATP for the marathon. C. Liver glycogen is the preferred fuel during intense muscular activity lasting less than 2 hours. D. Amino acids may supply up to 15% of energy needs.
What is the chemical compound that causes muscle fatigue?
Lactic Acid A three- carbon acid forming during aerobic cell metabolism; accumulation of this compound contributes to muscle fatigue. Phosphocreatine High-energy compound that can be used reform adenosine triphosphate
What is the name of the high energy compound that cells use directly to fuel other chemical reactions like a rechargeable battery?
The cell has a special kind of molecule for storing that energy, and it's called ATP. ATP (Adenosine tri-phosphate) is an important molecule found in all living things. Think of it as the “energy currency” of the cell.
What is the name of the high energy compound that cells use to fuel chemical reactions quizlet?
living things use chemical fuels as well, one of the principal chemical compounds that cells useto store and release energy is adenosine triphosphate ATP.
What is the most important high energy compound in cells?
ATPATP - the most important high-energy phosphate compound and its phosphoanhydride bonds are referred to as high-energy bonds and is created in the process of oxidative phosphorylation in mitochondria.
What is ATP used for?
ATP synthesized in mitochondria is the primary energy source for important biological functions, such as muscle contraction, nerve impulse transmission, and protein synthesis.
What is the only form of energy that the cells can directly use for cellular work?
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)The only form of energy a cell can use is a molecule called adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Chemical energy is stored in the bonds that hold the molecule together. ADP can be recycled into ATP when more energy becomes available.
Which of the following is a high energy compound that supplies ATP?
Which of the following is a high energy compound that resupplies ATP for quick bursts of activity lasting up to 10 seconds? Phosphocreatine.
Is ATP a high energy compound?
ATP is an excellent energy storage molecule to use as "currency" due to the phosphate groups that link through phosphodiester bonds. These bonds are high energy because of the associated electronegative charges exerting a repelling force between the phosphate groups.
What is a high energy compound?
High energy compounds are those that release large amount of energy during respiration or metabolism and provide large amount of ATP, energy currency of the cell.
What are some high energy compounds?
High energy compoundsPyrophosphates.Enol phosphates.Acyl phosphates.Thiol phosphates.Guanido phosphates or phophagens.
Why is ATP called energy currency of the cell?
ATP is the energy currency of the cell because it is the most preferred energy molecule in the cell. Its preference is due to the following factors: It donates its phosphoryl groups to release energy.
What is ATP quizlet?
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) a compound composed of adenosine and three phosphate groups that supplies energy for many biochemical cellular processes by undergoing enzymatic hydrolysis.
How is ATP used as an energy source?
Turning ATP Into Energy A cell stores excess energy by combining ADP and phosphate to make ATP. Cells get energy in the form of ATP through a process called respiration, a series of chemical reactions oxidizing six-carbon glucose to form carbon dioxide.
Why are carbohydrates and fats considered high energy?
Why are carbohydrates and fats frequently considered high-energy foods? They contain many electrons associated with hydrogen atoms. The free energy for the oxidation of glucose to CO2 and water is -686 kcal/mol, and the free energy for the reduction of NAD+ to NADH is +53 kcal/mol.
How does ATP normally catalyze the condensation reaction?
How does ATP normally catalyze the condensation reaction, which by itself is energetically unfavorable? A. It transfers its terminal phosphate to an enzyme and is released as ADP.
How do amino acids enter the energy yielding pathway?
Hydrogen atoms react with oxygen to produce water. which yield 2 acetyl CoA. Before an amino acid enters any of these metabolic pathways, its nitrogen-containing amino group must be removed through deamination. Figure 7-13 summarizes the metabolism of amino acids for energy.
What adaptations does the body make during a fast quizlet?
Adaptations include making glucose through gluconeogenesis, creating an alternative fuel with ketone bodies and keto acids, and conserving energy.
Which type of glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities lasting?
Anaerobic glucose breakdown provides most of the energy for sports activities lasting?
What are the major energy sources for events lasting how long?
ATP and phosphocreatine are major energy sources for events lasting how long?
What is the term for a technique by which red blood cells, in a blood sample, are concentrated by?
A technique by which red blood cells, in a blood sample, are concentrated by removing fluid, and later are injected into an athlete. Blood doping. Work-producing; a mechanical, nutritional, psychological, pharmacological, or physiological substance or treatment that is intended to improve performance. Ergogenic.
What is the term for hormones that stimulate development in male sex organs?
Growth hormone. A general term for hormones that stimulate development in male sex organs. Anabolic steroids. A process by which a very-high-carbohydrate diet is consumed for about 3 days before an athletic event while tapering exercise duration to try to increase muscle glycogen stores. Carbohydrate loading.
Is protein an energy source?
The use of protein as an energy source is greater for endurance athletes than for those who body build or lift weights.
What is the compound that contributes to muscle fatigue?
A three- carbon acid forming during aerobic cell metabolism; accumulation of this compound contributes to muscle fatigue.
Which hormone produces body growth and fat release from storage?
A pituitary hormone that produces body growth and fat release from storage among other effects.
How much energy does a D-amino acid provide?
D. Amino acids may supply up to 15% of energy needs. D. Amino acids may supply up to 15% of energy needs. Bob drinks 6 cups of caffeinated coffee before his long distance bike race. He does this so fatty acids will be released into the bloodstream in greater than normal quantities to be used for energy and spare glycogen.
What are the end products of aerobic glucose breakdown?
B. the end product of aerobic glucose breakdown is lactic acid ; the end products of anaerobic glucose breakdown are carbon dioxide and water. C. the end products of aerobic glucose breakdown are carbon dioxide and water; the end product of anaerobic glucose breakdown is lactic acid.