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what makes berliozs symphonie fantastique unique

by Prof. Maritza Skiles Published 5 months ago Updated 2 months ago
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Also asked, what makes Berlioz

Requiem

The Grande Messe des morts, Op. 5, by Hector Berlioz was composed in 1837. The Grande Messe des Morts is one of Berlioz's best-known works, with a tremendous orchestration of woodwind and brass instruments, including four antiphonal offstage brass ensembles. The work derives its t…

's Symphonie Fantastique unique? Symphonie fantastique is a piece of program music that tells the story of an artist gifted with a lively imagination who has poisoned himself with opium in the depths of despair because of hopeless, unrequited love.

Symphonie fantastique is an epic for a huge orchestra. Through its movements, it tells the story of an artist's self-destructive passion for a beautiful woman. The symphony describes his obsession and dreams, tantrums and moments of tenderness, and visions of suicide and murder, ecstasy and despair.

Full Answer

What is the theme of the Symphony Fantastique by Berlioz?

Symphonie fantastique is nothing less than Berlioz's extravagant attempt to attract Harriet's attention. The piece begins by introducing the listener to the vulnerable side of the protagonist, the Artist. The object of the Artist's love is represented by an elusive theme called the "idée fixe" – the object of fixation.

What is the third movement of Symphonie fantastique about?

The Third Movement of Symphonie fantastique opens with an echo from Berlioz's childhood: the sound of a cowherd's melody. Berlioz uses the huge orchestra to create the sense of suspension of time that intimacy can bring. This movement was the most difficult to compose for Berlioz.

What do you think of Berlioz’s “Berlioz Symphony”?

I think this really is a fantastic symphony – not only in name. This was the first of four symphonies that Berlioz composed and with it he firmly made a break from the norms established by Beethoven for the symphonic form. Berlioz moved the symphony into something altogether more like story-telling.

Why did Berlioz write the idée fixe?

To represent Harriet, Berlioz had a special idea; he wrote a musical theme which he called his idée fixe, which appears in the first movement and then reemerges throughout the Symphonie fantastique in different forms and played on different instruments.

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Why is Symphonie fantastique famous?

It is an important piece of the early Romantic period. The first performance was at the Paris Conservatoire on 5 December 1830. Franz Liszt made a piano transcription of the symphony in 1833 (S....Symphonie fantastiqueHector Berlioz by Pierre PetitOpus14PeriodRomantic musicComposed18309 more rows

Which best describes the inspiration for Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?

The inspiration for Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique was: the actress Harriet Smithson. Edvard Grieg represents the: Scandinavian nationalist school.

What was controversial about Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?

A program detailing the plot of his symphony. Why did Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique provoke controversy among the critics and audiences of Paris? Some did not believe that instrumental music could tell a definite story.

What movement of Symphonie fantastique is also known as?

There are five movements, instead of the four movements that were conventional for symphonies at the time: Rêveries—Passions (Reveries—Passions) Un bal (A Ball) Scène aux champs (Scene in the Fields)

Which of the following is true of Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?

Which of the following is true of Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique? The program is thought to be autobiographical. In Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique, the idée fixe: a.

How many movements are in Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?

five movementsBerlioz called the five movements inspired by this program: "Reveries and Passions," "A Ball," "In the Country," "March to the Scaffold" and "Dream of the Witches Sabbath." All of the symphony's innovations — the radical orchestration, eerie harmonies, eccentric rhythms, and the idée fixe representing the beloved (a ...

What key is Symphonie fantastique?

C majorSymphonie fantastique / KeyC major is a major scale based on C, consisting of the pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. C major is one of the most common keys used in music. Its key signature has no flats and no sharps. Its relative minor is A minor and its parallel minor is C minor. Wikipedia

What does the term fantastic Fantastique specifically refer to in Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique?

The official title of the piece is Episode de la Vie d'un Artiste (An Episode in the Life of an Artist), but it is always called by its subtitle Symphonie Fantastique which means Fantasy Symphony. The “Fantasy” refers to the story that is described by them music.

What is one innovative aspect of Symphonie fantastique?

The composition is also notable for its expanded orchestration, grander than usual for the early 19th century, and for its innovative use of a recurring theme—the so-called ideé fixe (“fixed idea” or “obsession”)—throughout all movements.

What technique does Symphonie fantastique use?

Though loosely based on sonata form, the Symphonie fantastique is unified by Berlioz's use of an idée fixe. Berlioz used this term to describe the recurring theme that represents his love and obsession for Harriet Smithson.

What type of music is Hector Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique an example of?

Berlioz's Symphonie fantastique is an example of absolute music. Berlioz's orchestra for Symphonie fantastique was larger than previous symphonies.

Which describes the character of the fourth movement of Symphonie fantastique?

Which describes the character of the fourth movement of Symphonie fantastique? The artist meets the beloved and is inspired at once; the idée fixe is introduced.

What is the mood of the fifth movement of Symphonie fantastique?

The fifth movement is a satanic dream. The Artist sees himself in the midst of a ghastly crowd of sorcerers and monsters assembled for his funeral. The air is filled with strange groans, bursts of laughter, shouts and echoes. Suddenly, the Artist's beloved appears as a witch, her theme distorted into spiteful parody.

What is one innovative aspect of Symphonie fantastique?

The composition is also notable for its expanded orchestration, grander than usual for the early 19th century, and for its innovative use of a recurring theme—the so-called ideé fixe (“fixed idea” or “obsession”)—throughout all movements.

Which of the following does the fifth movement of Symphonie fantastique depicts?

In the fifth movement of Symphonie fantastique, both the theme of the Beloved, known as the idée fixe, and the Dies irae chant are transformed in character.

Why did Berlioz use the orchestra?

Berlioz uses the huge orchestra to create the sense of suspension of time that intimacy can bring. This movement was the most difficult to compose for Berlioz. The music is always only a heartbeat away from the jealous rages that arise when the Artist sees his beloved with someone else.

What is the meaning of the symphony fantastique?

Symphonie fantastique is an epic for a huge orchestra. Through its movements, it tells the story of an artist's self-destructive passion for a beautiful woman. The symphony describes his obsession and dreams, tantrums and moments of tenderness, and visions of suicide and murder, ecstasy and despair.

What did Berlioz do while in Italy?

While in Italy, Berlioz explored the musical landscape of the countryside and continued to polish Symphonie fantastique.

How long did it take Berlioz to master the Devilish form?

For the competition, entrants were given a melody and had to write a fugue (a form with very strict rules) on the spot. It took Berlioz four years to master the devilish form but at last he won.

Where did the symphonie fantastique premiere?

Symphonie fantastique premiered in Paris in 1830. Reactions were mixed. Most disappointingly, Harriet Smithson did not attend.

Why did Berlioz leave Paris?

Berlioz left home for Paris to study medicine, but soon turned his attention to music.

What does the noise of the rest of the orchestra represent?

The noise of the rest of the orchestra represents the Artist's frustration and despair. Frightening outbursts alternate with moments of the greatest tenderness. It all leads to a moment of complete frenzy and collapse. Symphonie fantastique premiered in Paris in 1830. Reactions were mixed.

What instruments did Berlioz use?

The harp, the English horn, and the cornet figure frequently in his scores, and he likes to direct that the horns be put in bags, that the cymbal be suspended and struck with a stick, that the drums be played with sticks covered with sponge.

What is the romantic period in music?

Historically, the romantic period in classical music is regarded as a finite time-p during which a substantial number of loosely "aligned" composer who enjoyed no overt or demonstrable relationship to any artistic movement flourished. The Romantic movement in classical music is generally understood as occurring during "first half or three-quarters of the nineteenth century" (Mason, 1906, p. 2). and chief among the recognized composers are "Schubert, Schumann, Mendelssohn, Berlioz, Chopin, Liszt," (Mason, 1906, p. 2). and a great many others.

Is Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique romantic?

In conclusion, Berlioz's Symphonie Fantastique is a quintessential example of romantic music, falling squarely within both the historical and aesthetic contexts generally attributed to the romantic movement in classical music by scholars.

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Dreams and Passions

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In 1828, Paris buzzed with two sensations, Beethoven and Shakespeare. Beethoven's music established the Romantic ideal; instead of fitting suitable music into classical forms, Beethoven reconfigured the symphony and the personnel of the orchestra to accommodate his emotional expression. Berlioz couldn't get eno…
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A Ball

  • The second movement invites us to a ball. Two harps lead the waltz as the music alternates between watching the dancers and spying on the Artist trying to gain the attention of his beloved. After the disappointment of the premiere, Berlioz decided to compete for the prestigious Prix de Rome. For the competition, entrants were given a melody and had to write a fugue (a form with v…
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Scenes in The Fields

  • While in Italy, Berlioz explored the musical landscape of the countryside and continued to polish Symphonie fantastique. The Third Movement of Symphonie fantastiqueopens with an echo from Berlioz's childhood: the sound of a cowherd's melody. Berlioz uses the huge orchestra to create the sense of suspension of time that intimacy can bring. This move...
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March to The Scaffold

  • In the fourth movement Berlioz begins to reveal the truly sinister side of his imagination. The program notes read, "The Artist, knowing beyond all doubt that his love is not returned, poisons himself with opium. The narcotic plunges him into sleep, accompanied by the most horrible visions." The first of those visions is the "March to the Scaffold." In it, the Artist is executed for th…
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Dream of A Witches' Sabbath

  • The fifth movement is a satanic dream. The Artist sees himself in the midst of a ghastly crowd of sorcerers and monsters assembled for his funeral. The air is filled with strange groans, bursts of laughter, shouts and echoes. Suddenly, the Artist's beloved appears as a witch, her theme distorted into spiteful parody. A vast church bell begins to chime the peal of death. Bassoons an…
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