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what vegetables can be planted early

by Monte Haley Published 5 months ago Updated 3 months ago

Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and Brussel sprouts are best started indoors as early as 4-6 weeks before planting them outside. Peppers usually start 8-10 weeks before they are ready to go outside. A greenhouse or hot box would be an ideal indoor setting so these plants can start to grow.

In late February to early March, start cabbages, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, onions, leeks, endive, escarole, fennel, lettuce, and artichokes indoors. In mid- to late March, direct sow peas, spinach, fava beans, and arugula outdoors. Start peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, Swiss chard, and tomatillos indoors.Feb 25, 2021

Full Answer

Which vegetables are best for early planting?


  • Radishes - Spring radishes are a cool season crop. ...
  • Broccoli, Cauliflower, and Cabbage - Broccoli, cauliflower and cabbage are cool season vegetables, which grow best in temperatures between 60 and 70 F. ...
  • Lettuce, Spinach, Collards, and Kale - Quality of these plants are reduced with the onset of hot weather due to seed heads and bitter taste.

More items...

When should I plant vegetables?

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What vegetables should I plant in early spring?

Top 10 Early Spring Veggies

  • Kale: Kale is the champion of early spring growing, and it can take a really hard frost. ...
  • Spinach: Spinach needs to be direct sowed because it does not like to be transplanted.
  • Radishes: You want to direct sow your radishes because they do not like to be transplanted.

More items...

When to plant vegetables with a monthly calendar?

When to Plant Vegetables with a Monthly Calendar

  • type of soil and how to condition it for optimal growing
  • pH conditions of soil and the pH requirements of what you are growing
  • climate and hardiness zones
  • the correct time to plant what


What vegetables can be planted this month?

Generally March and April, when the soil begins to warm, are the best months to begin sowing many hardy annual vegetable seeds outdoors including broccoli, cabbage, chard, carrots, peas and parsnips.

Is it too early to plant my vegetable garden?

In most areas, that's between 2-4 weeks before the last spring frost. Avoid planting in soggy soil that is still full of moisture from snow or spring rains. Wait until the soil dries out a little so your seeds or transplants don't rot.

What you can plant early?

You may plant these seeds outside directly into your garden: kohlrabi, kale, collards, Chinese kale, peas, onions, radishes, spinach, lettuce and turnips. Cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower and Brussel sprouts are best started indoors as early as 4-6 weeks before planting them outside.

What is the best vegetable to plant now?

You may think it's too late to grow all your favorite vegetables from seeds, but warm May temperatures have made the soil perfect for sowing seeds. Warm soil will allow for fast germination and growing plants! Good choices are summertime kitchen garden staples like squash, beans, cucumbers and melons.

Is it too early to plant tomatoes and cucumbers?

Tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and squash They will plant some tomato seeds on March 28, but most won't be started until April 7. Don't start your seeds too early. You can plant cucumber and squash seeds even later because they take less time to germinate and grow fast, he said. Start those seeds around April 30.

What month should you start a garden?

According to Witz, late summer or early fall is the perfect time for “tilling the ground and adding organic matter, like compost or manure, to improve soil structure and nutrient levels,” because “the cold winter months provide ample time for the organic matter to break down and mingle with the dirt.”

When should I start planting in the spring?

For most crops, you should start seeds indoors about six to eight weeks before the last spring frost date. In the Midwest, plant your seeds indoors in the middle to end of April. In the South, the last frost can occur as early as the beginning of February, so plant your indoor seedlines then.

What happens if I plant my tomatoes too early?

Planting too early causes a whole host of problems for tender, young tomato plants. From potential frost and freeze damage, to rot and mold. Allow warmer weather to settle in so that soil temperatures can heat up as well. Don't rush planting those transplants until the soil has warmed.

What can you plant in early spring?

In late February to early March, start cabbages, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, onions, leeks, endive, escarole, fennel, lettuce, and artichokes indoors. In mid- to late March, direct sow peas, spinach, fava beans, and arugula outdoors. Start peppers, tomatoes, eggplant, Swiss chard, and tomatillos indoors.

What should I start now planting?

Peas, lentils and garbanzo beans can be sown... Plant in containers: Cabbage, broccoli, kale, chard, favas, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, October: Plant in the ground: by now you can begin to set out some of your cabbage, broccoli, kale, cauliflower, chard and so on.

What veggies grow year round?

4 Crops You Can Grow Year-Round Almost AnywhereLettuce. The hard part with lettuce (shown above) is not the fall, spring or even winter. For many of us, the summer is the biggest obstacle to growing lettuce year round. ... Carrots. Jessica Walliser. ... Onions. Alice Hennemen/Flickr. ... Beets. Tim Sackton/Flickr.

What is the easiest vegetable to plant?

10 Easiest Vegetables to Grow YourselfLettuce. We've never known a garden that cannot grow lettuce. ... Green Beans. Beans grow even in fairly poor soils, because they fix the nitrogen as they go! ... Peas. ... Radishes. ... Carrots. ... Cucumbers. ... Kale. ... Swiss Chard.More items...

What happens if I plant vegetables too early?

Planting too early in cooler temperatures can cause stunted growth, wilting, surface pitting, foliage necrosis and increased susceptibility to disease. Low soil temperatures can stunt plant growth and prevent root development. Most summer vegetables like soil temperatures of between 55 and 65 degrees.

Is April too early to plant vegetables?

April is the best time to plant most of your vegetable seeds after your last frost for all zones. It's still not too late to plant tomatoes and peppers from seeds as well! Check out the below vegetables that can be started in April. Be sure to check your gardening zone for last frost dates.

Is it too early to put tomatoes outside?

'Tomatoes are usually transplanted outdoors zero to four weeks after the last frost date in your local area. Most tomato plants are planted outdoors when nighttime temperature lows are at or above 50°F (10°C). This usually occurs a few weeks after the local last frost date,' says gardening blogger Mary Jane Duford.

How early is too early to plant tomatoes?

As long as the number of days to maturity is smaller than the number of days until the expected first frost date, you can still plant your tomatoes. In general, most tomato varieties need 100 days to fully mature, but there are many very good tomato varieties that only need 50-60 days to mature.

When do seedlings grow?

Assuming the seedlings will stay alive under tunnels or other covers, they won't show fast, healthy growth until the middle of April, when soil temperatures rise to a point where the soil food web becomes active – about 45°F (6°C) 4 inches (10 cm) deep.

When do seeds germinate?

The seeds germinate when they are ready, and as the weather warms the tops can be opened for ventilation. Sometimes winter sowing works and sometimes it doesn't, but when it does you get sturdy, cold-hardened seedlings for very little effort. By Barbara Pleasant. < All Guides.

Can't wait to plant seeds?

An immediate cure for the can't-wait-to-plant syndrome is to take up winter sowing of seeds that benefit from a period of moist chilling, or cold stratification. Many shrub and tree seeds fit into this category, but numerous wildflowers and herbs like Echinacea, sage, and even parsley or celery can also be handled using winter sowing methods. Instead of using space in your fridge for cold stratification, you fashion planting chambers from plastic bottles by cutting them in half but for a small hinge. After punching drainage holes in the bottom, seeds are planted in moist potting soil in the bottle bottom, and then the bottles are taped shut and labeled. The seeds germinate when they are ready, and as the weather warms the tops can be opened for ventilation. Sometimes winter sowing works and sometimes it doesn't, but when it does you get sturdy, cold-hardened seedlings for very little effort.

Can you plant beets before their time?

By keeping garden records, I have learned that several "cool-season" veggies often recommended for early planting -- notably beets, carrots and peas -- cannot be counted upon to grow before their time.

Can onions grow under lights?

This time of year, I derive the most satisfaction from working with onions, because onion and shallot seedlings really do benefit from early planting indoors under lights.

Can you plant cabbage in the spring?

Of all the cabbage cousins I'm likely to plant in spring (broccoli, cabbage, collards, kale, and kohlrabi), only cabbage and kale are good candidates for early planting indoors and setting out under cloches while cold weather reigns. The others simply will not grow as long as the soil stays cold, so I wait a few weeks to start those seeds.

What is the best time to grow lettuce?

The cool, wet weather of spring is the perfect time to grow lettuce, and there are hundreds of varieties. Romaine and butterhead are the most cold-tolerant varieties. You will get the earliest and longest harvest from the cut-and-come-again varieties.

When do you see asparagus in the garden?

The Spruce / K. Dave. Seeing the first tender, pencil-sized spears of asparagus poking through in the garden is a rite of spring. You will usually see the first shoots when the soil temperature reaches about 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Asparagus is a perennial vegetable.

How long does it take for beets to grow?

Beets grown from seed take about 7 to 10 weeks to mature, but you can start seedlings inside or harvest some of the young greens planted directly in the garden to eat while the roots continue to grow underground. Beets like a lot of sun and consistent moisture. Avoid crowding plants to allow for air circulation.

Can vegetables go in the ground in spring?

In early spring, the temperature may seem too chilly, and the ground might be too damp for many vegetables, but there are a handful of hardy performers that can go in the ground. As a bonus, there are fewer insects and diseases around in early spring, so your vegetables should get off to a good start. Take a look at six vegetables that you can ...

Frost-Tolerant Vegetables for Early Spring

Are you excited to get your garden started but unsure what to grow in the early spring? In this article, I'll share the top 10 early spring garden vegetables and when to put them in for your best success.

Top 10 Early Spring Veggies

All right, now we know when to start. Let's look at the top 10 plants that will do great in the early spring garden.

When to Start Planting Vegetables

So one of the biggest questions that I get is when to start the garden. Your planting zone will help you to determine when to get started. Planting zones are based on your average last frost, and most early spring vegetables can go into the garden four weeks before your average last frost because they can withstand the cold.

How to Transplant Vegetable Starts

Now, if you want to transplant some of those vegetables into the garden, then start the seeds in the house four weeks before you want to put them into the garden. Just be sure to harden them off before planting them out!

What vegetables can be planted in cool season?

How to Plant Cool Season Vegetables. In early spring, you will want to start what are known as cool season crops. Vegetables such as peas, carrots and cabbages. Cool season vegetables thrive in cooler temperatures and can even survive a light frost but will bolt in warmer temperatures. Whereas other vegetables, like cucumbers and tomatoes, ...

How to grow carrots in a garden?

Tip 1: Carrots should be planted in a prepared loose sandy soil free of rocks and hard objects that will cause “road blocks” to the root to grow deep into your soil. Tip 2: Carrot seed are super tiny and difficult to plant. So plant heavy and thinning will be necessary.

How to grow radish from seed?

10 Radish. Tip 1: Loosen soil 12-14 inches deep before planting since edible root is below the surface. Tip 2: Broadcast seeds over soil surface to create a bed and rake lightly to cover and then thin in the seedling stage. Planting Time: 4-6 weeks PRIOR to last frost.

How to grow beets in a pot?

TIP 1: Beets seeds have really hard shell. Soak them in warm water for about an hour prior to direct sowing into soil to help soften them to speed germination. TIP 2: Avoid fertilizers high in nitrogen. High volumes of nitrogen will cause the leaves to grow extremely large and the root (beet) to be small.

What is planting zone?

The planting zone refers to the climatic conditions based on plant life. Which means our winters here in Tennessee are much milder than the winter temperatures in Maine. Therefore, I can plant spring vegetables much sooner than the northern areas.

Do you need to check the temperature of vegetable seeds?

Before we get into the specifics of vegetable seeds, you need to check soil temperatures too. Different seeds need various temperatures to germinate, this information is found on the seed packet too. So before putting seeds into the ground make sure the soil is warm enough.

Can you plant onion bulbs from seed?

These are tiny onion bulb that are grown and dried the previous year. They are planted directly into well amended soil . Onions are difficult to start from seed, but not impossible. Tip 2: When planting sets, place set in soil with “pointed” end up.

Early Spring Vegetables: Outdoor Seeding Basics

Seeds for many cool-season early spring vegetables can be direct seeded outdoors for 4-6 weeks before the local last frost date. Gardeners with cold frames or frost cover may be able to plant 6-8 weeks before the last frost date as long as the soil has thawed and can be easily worked with a handheld trowel.

1. Beet

The beet is a classic early spring garden vegetable. Beet seeds germinate in a wide range of temperatures, sprouting when soil is anywhere between 40°-95°F (4°-35°C). While beet seeds can germinate in soil as cool as 40°F (4°C), they germinate much more quickly in the range of 65°-85°F (18°-29°C).

2. Carrot

Carrot is one of my favorite early spring crops. Carrot seeds can germinate in soil temperatures from 40°-95°F (4°-35°C), although optimal temperatures are in the range of 65°-85°F (18°-29°C).

3. Lettuce

Lettuce is another favorite early spring crop to direct seed. Lettuce seeds can germinate at exceptionally low temperatures. While these seeds can germinate at 32°F (0°C) over several months, lettuce seeds germinate in about a week at 50°F (10°C) soil. The optimal temperature range is 60°-75°F (16°-24°C).

4. Onion

Onion seeds – particularly green onion seeds (scallions) – can be sown quite early in the spring. These cool-season seeds can germinate (albeit slowly) in soil as low as barely above freezing (32°F/0°C). That said, onion seeds can germinate in a week at 59°F (15°C), and have an optimal soil temperature range of 65°-85°F (18°-29°C) for germination.

6. Radish

Radish seeds are often the quickest vegetable seed to go from planting to harvest in the cool-weather spring veggie garden. Seeds germinate between 40°-95°F (4°-35°C) with an optimal soil temperature range of 65°-85°F (18°-29°C).

7. Spinach

Spinach seeds are very well suited to germination in cool spring temperatures. Like lettuce, these seeds can germinate at 32°F (0°C) over several months. Spinach seeds germinate in about 12 days at 50°F (10°C) soil. The optimal temperature range for germination is 65°-75°F (18°-24°C).

What are the first vegetables to appear in spring?

The first plants on a spring vegetables list to appear are the healthiest. Dandelions and parsley, sprouting and growing despite frost and intermittent snowstorms, offer nutrients we’ve lacked all season. It’s a powerful reprieve to a long, lean winter.

What is the earliest crop to grow?

Salad Greens: Among the earliest crops are lettuce, arugula , and mesclun mixes. You’ll have success growing lettuce and greens when the soil is 55 degrees and many can be harvested within 30 days. And though they won’t flourish during long cold snaps, they won’t die unless temperatures dip below 28 degrees.

How long does it take for a seed to grow in a greenhouse?

Seed catalogs list “days to maturity” as 60 to 95 days, but this count starts after you transplant at about eight weeks old.

How to encourage germination of seeds?

If you sow and then a cold snap moves in, encourage germination by placing thick clear plastic or an old glass window over the ground, allowing enough room below for air to circulate. If seed packages instruct you to wait until all danger of frost has passed, hold tight to those for several more months.

How to transplant a plant in the evening?

Heat and strong sunlight stress a plant and right now they need to recover as roots take hold. Dig a hole in your garden soil and fill with water. Transplant, fill in soil around the plant, mulch, and water again.

How to extend the season of vegetables?

Cold frames, hoop houses, water walls , and frost blankets are all ways to extend the season and plant your crops sooner. Even cold-weather vegetables benefit from a little-added warmth. Cold frames combine rigid sides with a glass or plastic top, set directly atop soil to add heat and light beyond the season.

How much sunlight do you need for vegetables?

A sunny window usually isn’t enough for garden vegetables, as they need at least eight hours of direct sunlight. Growing within a house window can result in pale, leggy, unhealthy seedlings. If you have no greenhouse or sunroom, supplement with a strong ultraviolet light when sun doesn’t shine directly on the plants.

What is the best crop to grow in the summer?

Beans. Beans are an ideal crop because they mature quickly in warm soil and locations with at least eight hours of sun. They are a conventional warm-season crop that are usually added into the garden. You can either opt for bush beans or pole beans .

How long does it take for a potato to grow?

It’s not necessary. The potato has an average maturity time of 75 to 95 days.

How long does it take for summer squash to mature?

These crops are fairly short-maturing varieties due to the fact that they are harvested when the rind is still tender. It takes between 60 and 70 days before they are ready to be harvested.

What is summer squash?

Summer squash. Summer squash comes in all shapes, sizes and varieties from yellow squash to zucchini, making it a great choice for different regions. Well-known varieties in this family consist of zucchini, yellow squash, Crookneck squash and Patty Pan squash.

What is the best temperature for a sage plant?

It grows best in temperatures ranging from 60°F to 95°F in full sun with well-drained soil. Ideal USDA growing seasons: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13. Tip: In growing zones 8,9 and 10, cover your seeds with a row cover to make sure that they don’t dry out.

What zone do dragon tongue beans grow in?

The Blue Lake variety or Dragon Tongue are two choices. A French Garden variety is an easy-growing option for the new gardener and will grow best in zones 4 to 9. If you’re growing beans in the deep south, a heat-tolerant long bean such as a Chinese Long Noodle is a good option.

How cold can beets grow?

Beets are cold tolerant and are typically planted in cooler temperatures, but they will germinate in soil temperatures ranging from 50°F to 78°F. You can get away with putting some seeds into the ground if you aren’t too far down south.

What vegetables can be planted in the summer?

If you like some variety in your salads, then rocket is another leafy vegetable that can be planted throughout the summer months. This, like loose leaf lettuce, will provide a quick crop within a couple of months, and can also be cut and will come again. 3. Radishes.

What vegetables can I grow in June?

16. Cauliflowers. Cauliflowers can be a little trickier to grow, but you can direct sow your cauliflowers where they are to grow in June or July to harvest in winter, as long as you provide them with protection from the frosts later in the year. 17. Kohlrabi.

How long does it take for lettuce to grow?

There are different lettuces within each of these types suited to growing at certain times of the year. All summer long, you can plant loose leaf varieties and enjoy a quick harvest in a month to six weeks time.

When to thin carrots?

You can thin out your maincrop carrots sown in June or July , and eat the baby carrots you thin. 10. Beetroot. Beetroot can also be sown in June and July and eaten as baby beetroot for salads in a couple of month’s time.

When should I sow zucchini and summer squash?

You might want to get a wriggle on if you want to grow zucchini and summer squash this year. But if you manage to sow these in early summer, before the end of June, you should still get a worthwhile harvest by the end of the year.

Can you direct sown French beans?

French Beans. French beans can also still be direct sown in a sunny spot or in a polytunnel. While you may not have time to allow these to come to full maturity for dry beans, you should get a worthwhile crop of green beans before the end of the season. 8.

Can lettuce be grown all year round?

Lettuce. Lettuce can be grown pretty much all year round, especially if you can give your plants a little extra protection in the winter months. The key thing to remember, however, is that there are different types of lettuce: loose leaf, cos/ romaine, butterhead and iceberg.

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