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why did watteau paint pilgrimage to cythera

by Sally Steuber Published 1 year ago Updated 2 months ago
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Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera in 1717 to the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture

Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture

The Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture, Paris, was the premier art institution in France in the eighteenth century.

. It was his morceau de réception, or entry piece, to gain admission to the prestigious institution. The painting caused quite a stir with its vibrant colours, bold brushstrokes, and hazy atmosphere.

Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera in 1717 to the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. It was his morceau de réception, or entry piece, to gain admission to the prestigious institution.Sep 15, 2019

Full Answer

What makes Watteau’s pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera so special?

Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera in 1717 to the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture. It was his morceau de réception, or entry piece, to gain admission to the prestigious institution. The painting caused quite a stir with its vibrant colours, bold brushstrokes, and hazy atmosphere.

What kind of painting is the pilgrimage to Cythera?

Pilgrimage to Cythera (1717) A masterpiece of 18th century French painting, this work by the French Rococo painter Jean-Antoine Watteau, which is also known as The Embarkation for Cythera or Pilgrimage to the Island of Cythera, exists in three variants. The first, somewhat stilted version is dated 1710...

How does Jean-Antoine Watteau explore the beginning of Love?

Jean-Antoine Watteau explores the beginning of love through his masterpiece, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera. At Second Glance... Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera in 1717 to the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture.

What is the purpose of Watteau's paintings?

Watteau's paintings celebrate the journey between men and women and the desire to embark upon it. Like the repetition with which Watteau executed these studies of courtship, the faces of his figures all look very much the same. All appear smooth-powdered; personalized traits are rare.

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Why was the Embarkation for Cythera painted?

Watteau Painted It in a Mad Rush Collection of the Louvre, Paris. Embarkation to Cythera came after years of procrastination on the part of Watteau. In some senses, he was forced to paint it. Accepted to the Academy in 1712, Watteau was expected to mark the accolade by submitting a picture.

Which artist painted the pilgrimage to the island of Cythera?

painter Jean-Antoine WatteauThe Embarkation for Cythera ("L'embarquement pour Cythère") is a painting by the French painter Jean-Antoine Watteau. It is also known as Voyage to Cythera and Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera. Watteau submitted this work to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture as his reception piece in 1717.

What is happening in Pilgrimage to Cythera?

Pilgrimage to Cythera shows a dream-like landscape depicting the aristocracy on a beautiful love-filled escapade to an island where they can fall in love. It's a very new feel in 1717. As already mentioned, Watteau uses this famous piece for his entrance into the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture.

Where was Pygrimage Cythera painted?

Charlottenburg Palace, BerlinA second version of the work, sometimes called Pilgrimage to Cythera to distinguish it, was painted by Watteau about 1718 or 1719 and is in the Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin.

What style of art is Pilgrimage to Cythera?

RococoThe Embarkation for Cythera / PeriodJean-Antoine Watteau (1684 – 1721) was the most influential French painter of the 18th century. His painting Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera captures the frivolity and sensuousness of Rococo painting, but it also captures the stages and growing nature of love. Let us explore a Watteau masterpiece.

When was Pygrimage Cythera painted?

1717The Embarkation for Cythera / Created​Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to Cythera, 1717, oil on canvas, 4' 3" x 6' 4 1/2" (Louvre, Paris).

What happened when Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted?

What happened when Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted the above piece to the Royal Academy of Painting? b. The Academy was so impressed that it created a new category of subject matter to accommodate the painting.

Why is the swing painting important?

What Does The Swing Painting Symbolize? The Swing (c. 1767-1768) by Jean-Honoré Fragonard symbolizes ideas of infidelity, desire, eroticism, love, and power. The woman on a swing is a symbol of desire and possibly the mistress of the man in the bushes gazing up at her, also peeking into her open dress.

What subject matter did Fragonard paint?

Fragonard's expressive brushstrokes, which lead figures and landscapes to dissolve into individual strokes when seen closely, had a strong influence on the Impressionists, while his themes have been picked up by 21st-century artists interested in gender, race, and sexuality.

Why was the Blue Boy painted?

Others believe there was no sitter: the painting was intended as a character study of the aristocratic type who cosplayed for kitschy masquerade balls. It may also have been a homage to Gainsborough's idol, Anthony Van Dyck.

How were Hogarth's images able to be seen by a large public audience?

Hogarth was able to reach a mass audience by making engravings of his paintings and selling the prints at low prices.

What are the characteristics of the Rococo style of art?

French Rococo painting in general was characterized by easygoing, lighthearted treatments of mythological and courtship themes, rich and delicate brushwork, a relatively light tonal key, and sensuous colouring. Rococo sculpture was notable for its intimate scale, its naturalism, and its varied surface effects.

Where was Watson and the Shark painted?

Watson and the Shark is an oil painting by the American painter John Singleton Copley, depicting the rescue of the English boy Brook Watson from a shark attack in Havana, Cuba. Copley, then living in London, painted three versions.

Who painted Madonna with the long neck?

ParmigianinoMadonna with the Long Neck / ArtistThe Madonna with the Long Neck (Italian: Madonna dal collo lungo), also known as Madonna and Long Child with Angels and St. Jerome, is an Italian Mannerist oil painting by Parmigianino, dating from c. 1535-1540 and depicting Madonna and Child with angels.

What happened when Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted?

What happened when Jean-Antoine Watteau submitted the above piece to the Royal Academy of Painting? b. The Academy was so impressed that it created a new category of subject matter to accommodate the painting.

Who painted the second of May 1808 and the third of May 1808?

Francisco GoyaSix years later, with Napoleon's empire in ruins and Charles's son on the Spanish throne, Goya completed two large canvases depicting the events of the rebellion: one of the May 2nd uprising and the other—the more iconic and disturbing—of the May 3rd executions. Francisco Goya, The Second of May 1808, 1814.

Where did Watteau go on his pilgrimage?

Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera

Who painted the Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera?

Painting of the Week: Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera

What was Watteau's piece of art?

It was his morceau de réception, or entry piece , to gain admission to the prestigious institution. The painting caused quite a stir with its vibrant colours, bold brushstrokes, and hazy atmosphere.

What was Watteau's style?

His use of bold brushstrokes was daring. Watteau’s style influenced French painters throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. His themes of courtship, falling in love, and love’s triumph are magnificently fused together in Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera.

Who was the most influential French painter of the 18th century?

Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684 – 1721) was the most influential French painter of the 18th century. His painting Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera captures the frivolity and sensuousness of Rococo painting, but it also captures the stages and growing nature of love. Let us explore a Watteau masterpiece. Let us explore a Rococo romance.

Who was Jean-Antoine Watteau?

Jean-Antoine Watteau (1684 – 1721) was the most influential French painter of the 18th century. His invention of fête galantewas ingenious. His use of vibrant colours was inspirational. His use of bold brushstrokes was daring. Watteau’s style influenced French painters throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. His themes of courtship, falling in love, and love's triumph are magnificently fused together in Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera. This is a Watteau masterpiece. This is a Rococo romance.

Who was Watteau in the Isle of Cythera?

Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera, 1717, Musée du Louvre, Paris. Detail. To the further left is the third and final couple of the immediate foreground. In many people’s opinions they are the most attractive couple of the three.

What is the basic subject matter of Watteau's Embarkation to Cythera?

The painting portrays a "fête galante"; an amorous celebration or party enjoyed by the aristocracy of France after the death of Louis XIV, which is generally seen as a period of dissipation and pleasure, and peace, after the sombre last years of the previous reign.

What is Rococo architecture?

What Is Rococo Architecture? Rococo, also referred to as Late Baroque, is an exuberant and theatrical design style. Rococo architectural design often refers to buildings constructed in eighteenth-century France, but the aesthetic also influenced music, art, furniture, and even cutlery.

Where is Cythera?

Cythera, Modern Greek Kíthira, island, southernmost and easternmost of the Ionian Islands, off the southern Peloponnesus (Pelopónnisos). It is an eparkhía (eparchy) of Attiki nomós (department), Greece.

What is rococo period?

The Rococo movement was an artistic period that emerged in France and spread thrartisticoughout the world in the late 17th and early 18th century. ... Artists of this period focused more on attention to detail, ornamentation and use of bright colors.

Where did Watteau go on his pilgrimage?from dailyartmagazine.com

Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera

Who painted the Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera?from dailyartmagazine.com

Painting of the Week: Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera

What was Watteau's piece of art?from dailyartmagazine.com

It was his morceau de réception, or entry piece , to gain admission to the prestigious institution. The painting caused quite a stir with its vibrant colours, bold brushstrokes, and hazy atmosphere.

What does the barge do to Aphrodite?from dailyartmagazine.com

The barge will soon take the lovers away from Aphrodite’s island, and return them to the society of the outside world. The voyage may be calm like enduring love, or may be stormy like jealous fury. Such a journey of happy lovers returning together has a historical precedent.

What does the blue cape on Aphrodite's statue mean?from dailyartmagazine.com

The lady and gentleman sit on the grass and are in an intimate conversation. On the man’s shoulder, his blue cape is embroidered with a heart pierced by an arrow. It symbolizes his love-struck intentions with this young lady.

What was Watteau's style?from dailyartmagazine.com

His use of bold brushstrokes was daring. Watteau’s style influenced French painters throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. His themes of courtship, falling in love, and love’s triumph are magnificently fused together in Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera.

Where is Aphrodite in the painting?from dailyartmagazine.com

Aphrodite…. Jean-Antoine Watteau, Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera, 1717, Musée du Louvre, Paris. Detail. The background to these flirtatious aristocrats is the sacred Greek island of Cythera where Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love, was allegedly born. A statue of the goddess stands on the right side of the painting overlooking all who visit her ...

What is the pilgrimage to Cythera?

Pilgrimage to Cythera is an embellished repetition of Watteau's earlier painting, and demonstrates the frivolity and sensuousness of Rococo painting. (c. 1718-19, Berlin)

Where is the painting of Cythera?

The painting is now in the Louvre in Paris. A second version of the work, sometimes called Pilgrimage to Cythera to distinguish it, was painted by Watteau about 1718 or 1719 and is in the Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin.

What does the Embarkation for Cythera represent?

The Embarkation for Cythera (Louvre version): Many commentators note that it depicts a departure from the island of Cythera, the birthplace of Venus, thus symbolizing the temporary nature of human happiness.

What was Watteau's art like during the French Revolution?

During the French Revolution, some eighty years after the work was painted, his depictions of lavishly set pastoral escapades were associated with the old days of the monarchy and a frivolous aristocracy. This particular piece, which had entered the collection of the Louvre in 1795, was used by art students for target practice; an account by Pierre-Nolasque Bergeret (1782–1863) describes the drawing students throwing bread pellets at it. In the early 19th century the curator at the Louvre was forced to place it in storage until 1816 in order to protect the painting from angry protesters. It was not until the 1830s that Watteau and the Rococo returned into fashion.

What is the Greek island of Cythera?

In the ancient world, Cythera, one of the Greek islands, was thought to be the birthplace of Venus, goddess of love. Thus, the island became sacred to the goddess and love. However, the subject of Cythera may have been inspired by certain 17th century operas or an illustration of a minor play.

What is the meaning of the painting "Embarkation for Cythera"?

The Embarkation for Cythera (Louvre version): Many commentators note that it depicts a departure from the island of Cy thera, the birthplace of Venus, thus symbolizing the temporary nature of human happiness . The Embarkation for Cythera ("L'embarquement pour Cythère") is a painting by the French painter Jean-Antoine Watteau.

Where is the embarquement for Cythera?

Watteau submitted this work to the Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture as his reception piece in 1717. The painting is now in the Louvre in Paris.

When did Watteau become a member of the Académie Royale?

In 1712 , after the submission of several recent works for appraisal, Watteau was provisionally admitted as a member of the Académie Royale. Successful candidates were required to tender a morceau de réception – a reception piece – before attaining full membership. It was usual for the Académie to specify the subject for this painting but the original nature of Watteau’s submissions, which did not correspond to any of the Académie’s strict categories, led to him receiving a most unusual concession – he was allowed to choose his own subject. However, this special treatment did not spur the painter into submitting his morceau with the usual alacrity expected by the Académie and they had to issue regular reminders to the seemingly indifferent Watteau before he presented the Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera in August 1717.

Where was Watteau born?

Antoine Watteau was born in the northern French town of Valenciennes, the son of a roofer. Little is known about his early life but he appears to have been working in Paris by 1702. From 1705 he was employed painting theatre scenery, including scenes from the commedia dell’arte: the troupe of Italian players had been expelled from the French court in 1697 but their stock characters, Harlequin, Columbine, Scaramouche and Pierrot remained popular (appearing at informal performances during the Paris fairs) and they feature in many of Watteau’s later paintings.

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