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in what phase do spindle microtubules disassemble

by Kiara O'Keefe Published 4 months ago Updated 3 weeks ago


How do replicated chromosomes separate?

What prevents cells from dividing by contrition?

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What phase do microtubules disassemble?

During prophase of mitosis, the duplicated centrosomes separate and move to opposite sides of the nucleus. The nuclear envelope then disassembles, and microtubules (more...)

What phase does the ends of the spindle microtubules are dismantled?

Thus, the kinetochore microtubules disassemble from both ends in anaphase. Although it is clear that both microtubule motor proteins and microtubule depolymerization at the kinetochores contribute to chromosome movement during anaphase A, the exact molecular mechanism that drives the movement is still unknown.

In which phase of mitosis does spindle microtubules attach to kinetochores?

prometaphaseb. During prometaphase, microtubules attach to the kinetochores and prepare to move the condensed chromosomes during later stages of mitosis.

During which part of the cell cycle does the mitotic spindle disassemble?

During telophase, the chromosomes arrive at the cell poles, the mitotic spindle disassembles, and the vesicles that contain fragments of the original nuclear membrane assemble around the two sets of chromosomes.

What happens to microtubules during anaphase?

Anaphase consists of two phases, anaphase A and B. During anaphase A, the chromosomes move to the poles and kinetochore fiber microtubules shorten; during anaphase B, the spindle poles move apart as interpolar microtubules elongate and slide past one another.

In which phase of mitosis does spindle microtubules attach to kinetochores quizlet?

Prometaphase: * microtubules attach to kinetochores.

What do microtubules do in metaphase?

During metaphase, the kinetochore microtubules pull the sister chromatids back and forth until they align along the equator of the cell, called the equatorial plane. There is an important checkpoint in the middle of mitosis, called the metaphase checkpoint, during which the cell ensures that it is ready to divide.

What happens to spindle fibers during telophase?

Telophase: Spindle fibers disperse as the chromosomes are separated and become housed within two new nuclei. Cytokinesis: Two daughter cells are formed, each with the correct number of chromosomes because spindle fibers ensured this. The cytoplasm divides and the distinct daughter cells fully separate.

What do microtubules do in telophase?

Telophase is also marked by the dissolution of the kinetochore microtubules and the continued elongation of the polar microtubules. As the nuclear envelopes re-form, the chromosomes begin to decondense and become more diffuse.

What happens anaphase?

In anaphase, the sister chromatids separate from each other and are pulled towards opposite ends of the cell. The protein “glue” that holds the sister chromatids together is broken down, allowing them to separate. Each is now its own chromosome. The chromosomes of each pair are pulled towards opposite ends of the cell.

What happens to the spindle fibers in anaphase?

Anaphase: Spindle fibers shorten and pull sister chromatids toward spindle poles. Separated sister chromatids move toward opposite cell poles. Spindle fibers not connected to chromatids lengthen and elongate the cell to make room for the cell to separate.

Why do microtubules assemble and disassemble?

Ma and colleagues have deduced that microtubules' ability to assemble and disassemble so quickly is because of small subunits that make them up can conform to different shapes. By undergoing these conformational changes, they can rapidly dissolve or form.

How do replicated chromosomes separate?

Replicated chromosomes separate by attaching to some other structural feature of the cell. Bacteria, eukaryotes, or both?

What prevents cells from dividing by contrition?

The presence of a cell wall prevents the cell from dividing by contrition. Bacteria, animals, or plants?

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