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which hops for which beer

by Dejah Wilkinson Published 9 months ago Updated 2 months ago

Hops Chart

Name Alpha Beta Used For Substitutions
Ahtanum™ 5.7-6.3% 5.0-6.5% Aroma Amarillo®, Cascade
Amarillo® 8.0-11.0% 6.0-7.0% Aroma Cascade, Centennial
Apollo 18.0-21.0% % Bittering Zeus
Aquila 6.0-7.5% % Aroma
Sep 1 2022

Full Answer

What beers contain the most hops?

  • Heather
  • Juniper
  • Ginger
  • Orange Peel
  • Rosemary
  • Earl Grey Tea
  • Lemon Peel
  • Star Anise
  • Cloves
  • Chamomile

More items...

What are the types of beer with lots of hops?

The hop variety was first used commercially in 1975 by the Anchor Brewing Company, which established it as a signature hop for American pale ale. Subsequently, one may also ask, which beer has the most hops? Notable Cascade Beers The two other hop cultivators that round out the top three hops in U.S. production are: Centennial and Chinook.

What can I do with hops besides make beer?

What are hops used for besides beer?

  • Steep hops and other ingredients to make tea. ...
  • Make a dream pillow with hops. ...
  • Make soft hop yeast for breadmaking. ...
  • Eat young hop sprouts like asparagus. ...
  • Use hops to make hot-processed soap. ...
  • Infuse hops into salad dressings and sauces. ...
  • Simmer hops flowers in stews or sprinkle on savory dishes. ...
  • Use hops as floral decorations in the home or outdoors. ...

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What are some good beers without hops?

frazbri Initiate (0) Oct 29, 2003 Ohio. By most definitions, beer contains hops. There are a few related beverages like gruit, and sahti that aren't hopped, or at least very lightly hopped. (of course the running joke: pick your favorite light lager. It contains almost no hops.) misternebbie and PorterPro125 like this.


Which hops are used in which beers?

British ales use hop varieties such as Fuggles, Goldings and W.G.V. North American beers often use Cascade hops, Columbus hops, Centennial hops, Willamette, Amarillo hops and about forty more varieties as the US have lately been the more significant breeders of new hop varieties, including dwarf hop varieties.

How do I know which hops to use?

0:252:29How to Choose Hops | Beer Brewing - YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipThroughout the world they grow and if it depends on the soil it depends on you know what kind ofMoreThroughout the world they grow and if it depends on the soil it depends on you know what kind of climate they're being grown in they generally need a lot of light.

What hops are used for IPA?

The Hops. Hops that are assertive in both flavor and bitterness are the ingredient of choice for the American IPA. Go with Cascade, Simcoe, Amarillo, Columbus or other American hops for that classic IPA citrus character. Pine flavors can be achieved by using Chinook or Northern Brewer hops later in the boil.

What hops to use for a lager?

Hops profile chartTypeAlpha AcidUsed forChallenger7-10%Popular bittering hop in the UK. British ales and lagers.Chinook12-14%Strong bittering ability. American lagers and ales.Cluster5.5-8.5%Bittering with good flavour. Light and dark American lagers.Columbus14-16%Bittering with good flavour.20 more rows

What beer uses Simcoe hops?

Common Beer Styles Using Simcoe Hops: India Red Ale & India Black Ale. American Barley Wine. American Amber Ales. American Porters & Stouts.

What does each hop taste like?

New varieties of hops are always being developed, so the kaleidoscope of flavors they can offer continues to grow and expand. However, as a rule, hops add bitter flavors to beer along with a whole spectrum of aromatic notes that can range from woody, spicy, and earthy to floral, citrus, and fruity.

What makes a hazy IPA?

Filtration (or Lack Thereof) The primary reason that hazy IPAs are cloudy has to do with filtration. Hazy IPAs are unfiltered, so lots of particulate matter remains, creating the cloudy effect. (Not filtering the beer also helps the delicate aromas and flavors stay behind.)

What makes a juicy IPA juicy?

A Juicy IPA is all about the hops! Look to use more fruit-forward hops like Citra, Mosaic, Galaxy, Amarillo and El Dorado. Be sure to add them later in the boil and at whirlpool to maintain the aroma. Then dry hop with copious amounts like 4 to 6 oz per 5 gallons.

What type of beer has most hops?

Dogfish Head set out to brew the hoppiest beer ever. This limited release from Dogfish Head Craft Brewed Ales clocked in at 658 IBUs. Hoo Lawd has been verified, by White Labs and another independent lab in America, as the hoppiest commercial beer ever made.

What hops are used for pale ale?

Most classic American pale ales employ one or more of the “C” hops — Cascade, Centennial, Chinook or Columbus — among their late addition or dry hops. The brewers I interviewed were also excited about new hop varieties, with Amarillo getting the most mentions.

What hops for a light beer?

There is really no need for aroma or flavoring hops with this style of beer. The hop variety for this style includes: Cascade, Chinook, Magnum, Cluster, Liberty, or Crystal.

What is the strongest hop?

Picking the Most Intense Hops on the Market TodayMost Intense Hop: Citra (US) Citrus Flavor Intensity: 5/5 Hop Oil (mL/100g): 1.5-3.0 mL Citrus Flavors: Grapefruit, Lime.Most Intense Hop: Strata (US) Tropical Flavor Intensity: 5/5 Hop Oil (mL/100g): 2.3-3.5 mL Tropical Fruit Flavors: Passion Fruit.More items...•

How do you pick homebrew hops?

3:024:09How to Harvest Homegrown Hops - YouTubeYouTubeStart of suggested clipEnd of suggested clipMuch like you would pick a berry or pluck a grape from a bunch pick only the cone. And leave behindMoreMuch like you would pick a berry or pluck a grape from a bunch pick only the cone. And leave behind the leafy. And vine matter. And as much of the stem as possible hop binds tend to be abrasive.

Are all hops the same?

So yeah, hops rule. But not all hops are created equal. The amount of bitterness and type of aromas that hops deliver to beer are dependent on a number of factors, including the variety of hops grown (there are dozens!) and their growing conditions.

What are the side effects of hops?

Hops is found in multiple over-the-counter herbal mixtures in combination with other agents such as chamomile, passion flower and valerian, used as sleeping aids or mild sedatives. Side effects are few, but may include drowsiness, dizziness and hypersensitivity reactions.

How do you identify Cascade hops?

What to look for: Cascade is known for its trademark citrusy, floral, and most notably grapefruity aroma. Pick up a Sierra Nevada Pale Ale—though it isn't made with 100% Cascade hops as is often incorrectly repeated, it does use Cascade for all of its aroma and flavor hop additions.

What are hops in beer?

A Beginner's Guide to Hops in Beer. Hops are the green, cone-shaped flowers of the female hop plant, also known by its scientific name Humulus lupulus. (Have fun with that one after a few beers.) Hops are chock full of alpha acids, which are the primary bittering agent brewers use to balance the sweetness in the beer imparted by grain during ...

How Are Hops Used In Beer?

Brewers use hops in beer to varying degrees. In some styles, like the omnipresent IPA, hops take centerstage. In other styles, like stouts, hops typically play a less obvious role; they add backbone and depth, but the beer’s flavor and aroma is mostly defined by the grain bill.

How long does it take for bittering hops to boil?

Bittering hops are added to the wort toward the beginning of the boil and are left to bubble and steep for at least 45 minutes and up to an hour and a half. The heat catalyzes a chemical reaction called isomerization, which turns alpha acids into water soluble iso-alpha acids. The longer bittering hops are left to boil, the more iso-alpha acids are transferred to the wort.

What is the difference between English hops and English hops?

English Hops. In contrast, English hops ( Fuggle is an example) have lower levels of myrcene. This allows the more subtle aromas of other essential oils to shine through. The profiles of English hops, therefore, tend to be more delicate and mild. Notes of earth, molasses, herbs, spice, and wood are common.

How long do you boil hops?

For that reason, aromatizing hops are added at the very end and boiled for the shortest amount of time--typically not longer than five minutes. Sometimes, aromatizing hops aren’t boiled at all.

What is the process of adding hops to beer?

Timing of Hop Additions. Brewers introduce hops to the beer making process after mashing. During mashing, grains steep in hot water to activate the malt enzymes and convert its starches into fermentable sugars. The sweet liquid byproduct is called wort, which must be boiled before it is fermented and turned into beer.

What is Noble Hops?

Of the three categories, Noble hops, which includes strains like Saaz and Tettnanger, are considered the most classic. They are what lend traditional German and Czech pilsners and lagers their characteristic flavor profiles.

Where do cluster hops come from?

Its origins are vague, but Cluster was first found in Oregon, though it may have originated in Canada and has been readily available since the 1960s. With a robust aroma and substantial bittering quality, this hop is utilized as a dual purpose brewing ingredient. A very fruity aroma with fresh, hoppy notes lends itself well to multiple beer styles, but is most commonly used in darker brews like Lagers, Stouts, and Porters. An alpha acid range of 5.5% to 8.5% is what really makes the Cluster hop perfect in those deep brews. Varietals like Galena hops can be substituted for Cluster to provide a similar character. Taste the difference in commercial brews like Mendocino Brewing Co.’s Blue Heron Pale Ale.

What is Agnus hop?

Agnus Hops. This Czech hop is the result of breeding a variety of hops including Northern Brewer, Saaz, and Fuggles, and was commercially released in 2001. Typically used for German style Lagers and Ales, this bittering hop also works well in a Pilsner.

What is the acidity of Apollo hops?

Apollo Hops. This American hop was bred for a high acid content and was originally cultivated in 2000. The high alpha acid range of about 15% to 19% makes Apollo hops a perfect bittering agent in any style of IPA, especially Imperial IPA.

What is Admiral hop?

Admiral Hops. This bitter British hop was bred from the combination of Northdown and Challenger hops, and commercially released in 1998. With an intense flavor and citrusy, orange nose, Admiral hops provide the perfect bittering agent in all types of India Pale Ales, Pale Ales, and Bitters.

Where did Saaz hops originate?

Saaz Hops. One of the Noble hops that orginated near the town of Saaz in the Czech Republic and is now grown around the world. Whether American, Australian, or European in origin, the Saaz hop is one of the most popular and replicated varietals in the world.

Where are Perle hops from?

Perle hops were originally bred from English Northern Brewer in 1978 at the Hull Hop Institute in Germany. This varietal has now been translated into an American grown variation, though it still retains the same name and general characteristics. With an alpha acid range of about 7% to 9.5%, Perle can provide a clean and effective bittering quality. You can also expect an aroma of spicy florals to come through if used in later hop additions. If you need to substitute Perle hops in your recipe, the best route is parent Northern Brewer. Get a taste of Perle hops in highly rated craft brew Black Perle Dark IPA from RJ Rockers Brewing Co.

Where are Hallertau hops grown?

Hallertau, or Hallertauer hops can be found in multiple variations around the globe. This popular aroma hop is grown and utilized in New Zealand , the U.S. and its native Germany. Though the region affects the outcome of the overall characteristics of the hop, Hallertau hops all share a basic profile. With a lower alpha acid range that generally stays between 3% and 5%, Hallertau hops are normally used for their aromatic influence in a brew. Expect an herbaceous floral scent with a hint of spice and a hay-like quality. These aromatics pair perfectly with Belgian style Ales, Lagers, and Bocks. Test out domestic, German and New Zealand Hallertau hops in the same brew to sense the subtle differences. If you need a substitute, any hop from the Hallertau family, like Hallertau Mittelfruh works fine.

When did hops start being used in beer?

Hops weren’t used at all in beer until around the year 1000 AD, but even then hops didn’t become widely used in the brewing process until three hundred years later. Up until this point, an herb mixture called gruit was used to bitter and flavor beer.

What are hops used for?

Hops can be broken down into two main categories: bittering and aroma. One kind of hop is used to add the flavor and bitter element of the beer. The other will add the aroma to the beer. Aroma hops will also give the non-bitter flavor to the beer (beyond what malt and any grains used might give the beer).

What is the chemical makeup of hops?

Understanding the chemical makeup of hops will not only help illustrate how beer gets its flavor, but it will also explain the name of some of your favorite IPAs. Inside of hops there is a chemical compound, including alpha acids, also known as humulones (you’ve probably seen a number of beer names that begin with “Hum”).

What gives beer its bitter taste?

This is what gives beer the bitter taste. Beta acids are also found in hops and give the beer the aroma. Beta acids are also known as lupulones (likewise, you probably know of several beers with names beginning with “Lup”).

Where does the spalt hop come from?

The Spalt hop comes from the Spalter region of Germany.

What did the British use to make beer?

The British went on to begin cultivating their own hops, which they used in crafting beer and shipping it around the world to colonies. The hops helped extend the life of the ale (lagers, which are cold fermented and have a longer shelf life, wasn’t an option for shipping across oceans).

Where did hops come from?

Up through the 1500s almost all hops came from Germany, France, and Holland.

Why do they put hops in beer?

Hops serve other purposes in beer, namely providing inherent preservative qualities. The acids within hop resin are naturally antimicrobial, helping ward off spoiling bacteria during fermentation. And this defender role carries through to the finished beer, where hops also curb the development of off flavors.

What type of beer is the most Hoppy?

Here, we take a look at the 10 hoppiest beers of all time, as defined by IBUs—that brewing statistic that has almost become obsolete.

What is the smoothest beer?

These are 10 of the best tasting beers—sample a few and try claiming that beer is still the worst.

What can I drink instead of beer?

Next time you’re faced with a difficult situation or craving, try one of the following non-alcoholic drink options to avoid cravings and temptation.

Do all beers contain hops?

Every single beer on the market today contains hops. If they didn’t, they would be a “gruit” which is basically a beer that, instead of hops, uses witches-brew-sounding herbs like bog myrtle, yarrow, heather, or juniper. Hops are divided into two very general varieties: bittering and aroma.

What is hop beer?

Hops are the age old seasoning of the beer, the liquid gargoyles who ward-off spoilage from wild bacteria and bringers of balance to sweet malts. They also lend a hand in head retention, help to clear beer (acting as a natural filter) and please the palate by imparting their unique characters and flavours.

What is a hop plant?

Humulus Lupulus (hops) are the flowering cone of a perennial vining plant and a cousin of the cannabis variety ( sorry no THC in this stuff) that typically thrives in climates similar to the ones that grapes do. Hop plants are dioecious, meaning the males and females flower on separate plants -- and the female cones are used in the brewing process.

What is the alpha acid of Amarillo?

Amarillo. Amarillo is an aroma-type cultivar of recent origin, discovered and introduced by Virgil Gamache Farms Inc. (alpha acid: 8-11% / beta acid: 6-7% ) Cascade. Cascade is an aroma-type cultivar which originated as the first commercial hop from the USDA-ARS breeding program.

What is Centennial hop?

Centennial is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1974 and released in 1990. The genetic composition is 3/4 Brewers Gold, 3/32 Fuggle, 1/16 East Kent Golding, 1/32 Bavarian and 1/16 unknown. A relatively new hop on the market, this hop used to be called CFJ90.

What is cascade hop?

Cascade is often used in highly hopped West Coast ales that have a citrus-floral hop character. (alpha acid: 4.5-6.0% / beta acid: 5.0-7.0% ) Centennial. Centennial is an aroma-type cultivar, bred in 1974 and released in 1990.

Where is Northern Brewer grown?

Northern Brewer has been used in the breeding process of many newer varieties. This cultivar is grown in England, Belgium, Germany and the USA.

Where did golding hops originate?

Golding. Golding is a group of aroma-type cultivars originating in England. Over the decades, the group has been changed and widened. Mostly they have been named after villages in East Kent, (Petham, Rothersham, Canterbury, Eastwell) or hop farmers, who grew them (Amos's Early Bird, Cobbs).

What Are Fresh Hops?

To give the crude answer, fresh hops are hops…but fresher. The noble hop vine (which shares much in common with marijuana plants, but I digress) likes to grow big and tall, stretching to the peaks of the stratosphere — or about 7-50 feet, according to Wikipedia.

Which Fresh Hops Are Best For Beer?

Which fresh hops are best for beer, and which beers are best for fresh hops?

How to use hops in beer?

There is no way to know the type, oil concentrations, or best use. Your best bet is to brew up a basic pale ale with the hop. Use a known dried hop for bittering, and use your foraged hops at the end of the boil and whirlpool. Expect the unexpected, but you’ll surely craft a nice brew.

What are the flavors of fresh hops?

Fresh hops impart unique hop flavors to beer compared to dried hops. You still can expect the typical varietal specific flavors, whether that’s citrus, floral, or tropical fruit. But fresh hops also contribute a delightful grassiness. Chlorophyll flavors, like freshly cut grass, spiciness, and tobacco, are all part of the wet hop experience.

How should I use fresh hops?

Since fresh hops have not been put through hop oil analysis, the exact oil content of fresh hops is not known. The characteristics of hops change year to year, and crop to crop. Alpha acids used for bitterness calculations must be estimated based on expected values for the hop type.

How many ounces of dry hops to bitter?

That means that if you would normally use 1 ounce of a dried hop to bitter, you’ll need 5 ounces of wet hops to achieve the same bitterness or aromatics. Fresh hops can be used at any point in the brewing process. Mash, boil, whirlpool, or dry hop – fresh hops are quite versatile.

What is fresh hops?

Fresh hops, also known as wet hops, are freshly picked, undried hop flowers used for providing bitterness and hoppy aromatics to beer. Brewing with fresh hops is done in a similar way to brewing with dried hops. They can be added at any point in the brewing process, from the start of the boil, whirlpool, to the dry hop.

What is the meaning of "fresh hops"?

Nothing is more satisfying than picking a crop which has been carefully grown for months and experiencing its freshness. For brewers, this fleeting moment happens at the end of summer when hops are cultivated. Fresh hops, also known as wet hops, are freshly picked, undried hop flowers used for providing bitterness and hoppy aromatics to beer.

How long can dried hops be stored?

Dried hops can be stored for years with minimal degradation to their character as they only contain 8–10% moisture. Fresh hops, on the other hand, need to be used immediately after the harvest. The hops are picked and used for brewing within 24 to 48 hours and have a moisture content of about 80%.


How Are Hops Used in Beer?

Brewers use hops in beer to varying degrees. In some styles, like the omnipresent IPA, hops take centerstage. In other styles, like stouts, hops typically play a less obvious role; they add backbone and depth, but the beer’s flavor and aroma is mostly defined by the grain bill. Coaxing particular characteristics out of hops tak…
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Types of Hops

  • Just as there are dozens of varietals of grapes used for winemaking, there are a ton of different kinds of hops available to brewers. And just like wine grapes, hops of different strains and from different growing regions bring to the table (or should I say kettle?) different flavors, aromas, and bittering capabilities. For starters, hop strains differ in terms of their alpha acid and essential oill…
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Timing of Hop Additions

  • Brewers introduce hops to the beer making process after mashing. During mashing, grains steep in hot water to activate the malt enzymes and convert its starches into fermentable sugars. The sweet liquid byproduct is called wort, which must be boiledbefore it is fermented and turned into beer. During the boil, brewers add hops to the wort in stages to effect bitterness, flavor, and …
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Getting to Know Different Hop Varieties

  • If you want to familiarize yourself with the different hop varieties available, you can order small quantities of hops onlineand spend time analyzing their aromatic profiles. More immediately, you should start reading the labels of the beer you drink. Breweries will often identify the hops used in a particular recipe on the bottle or can. If a recipe uses multiple kinds of hops, it might be difficul…
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